Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, G20 has committed at least USD 347.29 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 142.91 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 148 policies (60 quantified and 88 unquantified)
  • At least USD 26.27 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 18 policies (12 quantified and 6 unquantified)
  • At least USD 50.06 billion for unconditional clean energy through 64 policies (41 quantified and 23 unquantified)
  • At least USD 88.59 billion for conditional clean energy through 49 policies (37 quantified and 12 unquantified)
  • At least USD 39.47 billion for other energy through 40 policies (16 quantified and 24 unquantified)
Updated: 12 August 2020

At least

$169.17 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy


Per capita

At least

$138.65 billion

Supporting clean energy


Per capita

By energy type, G20 committed at least USD 136.43 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 121.64 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 14.79 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, G20 committed at least USD 14.94 billion to coal (at least USD 10.20 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 4.74 billion to conditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, G20 committed at least USD 10.06 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 9.98 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels and at least USD 78.09 million to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of G20 through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 12 August 2020