Germany

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Germany has committed at least USD 69.98 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 16.38 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 3 policies (3 quantified)
  • At least USD 10.67 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 8 policies (5 quantified and 3 unquantified)
  • At least USD 10.27 billion for unconditional clean energy through 6 policies (2 quantified and 4 unquantified)
  • At least USD 16.67 billion for conditional clean energy through 7 policies (7 quantified)
  • At least USD 15.98 billion for other energy through 3 policies (3 quantified)

By energy type, Germany committed at least USD 20.95 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 16.38 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 4.57 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, Germany committed at least USD 4.97 billion to coal (at least USD 4.97 billion to conditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, some public money committed for multiple fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Germany through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Updated: 22 September 2021


At least

$27.05 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$325.44

Per capita



At least

$26.94 billion

Supporting clean energy

$324.07

Per capita

Germany

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Germany has committed at least USD 69.98 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 16.38 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 3 policies (3 quantified)
  • At least USD 10.67 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 8 policies (5 quantified and 3 unquantified)
  • At least USD 10.27 billion for unconditional clean energy through 6 policies (2 quantified and 4 unquantified)
  • At least USD 16.67 billion for conditional clean energy through 7 policies (7 quantified)
  • At least USD 15.98 billion for other energy through 3 policies (3 quantified)

By energy type, Germany committed at least USD 20.95 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 16.38 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 4.57 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, Germany committed at least USD 4.97 billion to coal (at least USD 4.97 billion to conditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, some public money committed for multiple fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Germany through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in Germany recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 22 September 2021

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Germany National Clean unconditional Tax exemptions for electric vehicles to be extended from 2025 to 2030 Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020060303/06/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To strengthen mobility while ensuring more sustainability and climate protection. 01/01/2021 The tax exemptions for EVs will be extended from 2025 to 2030.

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme (Accessed 25 May 2021)
https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 (Accessed 25 May 2021)
Germany National Clean unconditional Germany and Saudi Arabia sign Declaration of Intent to cooperate on green hydrogen Power generation Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021031212/03/2021 Other Several energy stages German Government Government To drive forward Germany's National Hydrogen Mission 12/03/2021 Germany and Saudi Arabia have signed a declaration of intent to cooperate closely in the areas of production, processing, application and transport of green hydrogen. The memorandum of understanding includes the aim to implement specific hydrogen projects (e.g. NEOM) and start a knowledge exchange and cooperation in the private sector on technology, economy and regulation. In its hydrogen strategy, the German government has identified a demand of 90-110 terawatt-hours of climate-neutral hydrogen by 2030, a high proportion of which will have to be imported. With the support of the government, German industry is working to become a leader along the whole hydrogen value chain, including the use of hydrogen to create synthetic fuels such as e-kerosene.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210314074115/
https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-and-saudi-arabia-want-cooperate-hydrogen (Accessed 15 March 2021)
Germany Subnational - Berlin Clean unconditional Berlin gets Germany’s first pedestrian law Mobility Active transport New or extended regulation (IT... 2021012828/01/2021 Other Active transport (cycling or walking) Berlin's state parliament Government To increase foot traffic. 28/01/2021 Like the original law from two years ago, which noticeably boosted bike infrastructure around the city, the pedestrian-focused amendment lays out a hefty to-do list: longer green lights for pedestrians, safer school routes for kids, more crosswalks and more benches for older people and others in need of a rest along their route; curbs are to be lowered to make them more wheelchair accessible; construction sites will need to ensure that pedestrians and cyclists can safely navigate around them; and city authorities are supposed to crack down harder on illegal parking and dangerous driving.

https://www.dw.com/en/berlin-gets-germanys-first-pedestrian-law/a-56480003 (Accessed 15 February 2021)

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/digital/berlin-fussgaenger-gesetz-1.5189542 (Accessed 15 February 2021)
Germany National Other energy 1 billion EUR to fund to finance innovation and transformation in Germany’s auto sector (part ... Mobility Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1141552511.4155 2020111717/11/2020 Fiscal Other energy stage German Government Government To support the development and production of climate-friendly cars as the auto industry grapples with challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and global climate crisis. 17/11/2020 EUR 1 billion 1000000000 This measure refers to the one billion euros committed to finance innovation and transformation in Germany’s leading export industry ("Zukunftsfonds Automobilindustrie").

https://de.reuters.com/article/us-germany-autos/germany-to-up-financial-aid-for-cars-sector-government-sources-idUSKBN27X1S7 (Accessed 23 November 2020)

https://www.tagesschau.de/wirtschaft/autogipfel-berlin-103.html (Accessed 23 November 2020)
Germany National Fossil conditional 1 billion EUR for truck scrappage scheme (part of a 3 billion euros renewed pledge by the German Gov... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1141552511.4155 2020111717/11/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To support the development and production of climate-friendly cars as the auto industry grapples with challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and global climate crisis. 17/11/2020 EUR 1 billion 1000000000 This measure refers to the commitment of one billion euros for a scrappage scheme for older trucks to help private logistics companies and municipalities modernise their fleets. The planned premium would be paid when an old truck is scrapped and a brand new one is bought, even if it, too, is diesel-powered. Subsidies for electric- or hydrogen-powered trucks will be still greater, though.

https://de.reuters.com/article/us-germany-autos/germany-to-up-financial-aid-for-cars-sector-government-sources-idUSKBN27X1S7 (Accessed 23 November 2020)

https://www.tagesschau.de/wirtschaft/autogipfel-berlin-103.html (Accessed 23 November 2020)
Germany National Clean conditional 1 billion EUR for electric vehicles (part of a 3 billion euros renewed pledge by the German Governme... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1141552511.4155 2020111717/11/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To support the development and production of climate-friendly cars as the auto industry grapples with challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and global climate crisis 17/11/2020 EUR 1 billion 1000000000 A central element of the scheme is the allocation of 1 billion euros to extend to 2025 a consumer rebate for buying electric cars that had been planned to end next year. Crucially, this includes hybrid cars which have been overwhelmingly opposed by environmental groups.

https://de.reuters.com/article/us-germany-autos/germany-to-up-financial-aid-for-cars-sector-government-sources-idUSKBN27X1S7 (Accessed 23 November 2020)

https://www.tagesschau.de/wirtschaft/autogipfel-berlin-103.html (Accessed 23 November 2020)
Germany National Fossil conditional Tax on greenhouse gas emissions for fuels, heating and gas Multiple sectors Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020100808/10/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To raise retail prices of car fuels such as gasoline and diesel, heating oil and natural gas. 01/01/2021 Germany’s lower house of parliament approved a tax on greenhouses gas emissions to be levied in stages from 2021, raising retail prices of car fuels such as gasoline and diesel, heating oil and natural gas. The move, which entails alterations to a law on fuel emissions trading, envisages a tax of 25 euros ($29.41) per tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2021, rising to 55 euros per tonne in 2025. Gasoline prices will rise by 7 cents per litre and by 8 cents per litre for diesel from next year.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201012090616/
https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-germany-co2-tax-idUKKBN26T209 (accessed 12 October 2020)
Germany National Fossil conditional Coal Phase-Out Act underlying Germany’s coal phase out by 2038 Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020070303/07/2020 Other Several energy stages Government To phase out lignite power in Germany and assist transition of miners, lignite producing regions and lignite power generators The Coal Phase Out Act (Gesetz zur Reduzierung und zur Beendigung der Kohleverstromung und zur Änderung weiterer Gesetze (Kohleausstiegsgesetz)) passed on 3 July 2020 underlies the plan to phase out coal by 2038. According to the Act, coal-fired power production in the country will come to an end no later than 2038. The law paves the way for a EUR 40 billion support programme for the economic transformation of coal regions and legislation to compensate coal plant operators for shutting down capacity. In particular, the Act stipulates that a total of EUR 4.35 billion in compensation will be paid for the planned shutdowns by 2030 (see separate entry in the Tracker). Further, the government would introduce adaptation payments for older workers in lignite mines and hard coal and lignite power plants who lose their jobs due to the coal exit plans, with a budget of up to EUR 5 billion by 2048. The Coal Phase-Out Act was passed 18 months after the issue of multi-stakeholder Coal Exit Commission's recommendations, so it has its roots well before the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis and government responses to it. The European Commission has green-lit the scheme on Wednesday 25 November 2020.

https://www.bundesrat.de/SharedDocs/beratungsvorgaenge/2020/0301-0400/0392-20.html (Accessed 27 July 2020)

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/spelling-out-coal-phase-out-germanys-exit-law-draft (Accessed 27 July 2020)
https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/news/european-commission-approves-german-hard-coal-exit-tender/ (Accessed 30 November 2020)
Germany National Fossil conditional Compensation package for utilities operating lignite power stations Power generation Coal Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4965753424.6575 2020070303/07/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Coal Phase-Out Act/German Government Government To phase out lignite power in Germany and compensate lignite power generators for loss of business 4350000000 The contract that compensates the country’s operators of lignite-fired power plants for an accelerated shutdown of their assets. The deal is part of Germany’s effort to completely wean off coal by no later than 2038 and covers a total of 4.35 billion euros in payments to utilities, which will also waive any rights for future lawsuits if they sign it. RWE and Leag (owned 50-50% owned by Czech energy group EPH and private equity group PPF Investments), are by far the largest operators of lignite, or brown coal, power plants and mines in Germany. The Coal Phase Out Act (Gesetz zur Reduzierung und zur Beendigung der Kohleverstromung und zur Änderung weiterer Gesetze (Kohleausstiegsgesetz)) passed on 3 July 2020 (see separate entry) underlies the plan to phase out coal by 2038. The Act stipulates that a total of EUR 4.35 billion in compensation will be paid for the planned shutdowns by 2030. Western German power company RWE will receive EUR 2.6 billion for shutting down its plants by the end of 2029. EUR 1.75 billion will go to operations in the eastern German district Lusatia, run by the Lausitz Energie Kraftwerk AG (LEAG). Part of the money will not go to LEAG itself but to a trustee confirmed by the government. The compensation does not change in case the operators shut down plants earlier than planned. The Coal Phase Out Act was passed 18 months after the issue of multi-stakeholder Coal Exit commission Recommendations, so it has its roots well before the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis and government responses to it. However, this measure is included in the Tracker as a new policy that involves a significant public expenditure. It is classified as "fossil conditional" because, despite the end goal of phasing out coal, it pays the polluters. The law was passed by both chambers of the Parliament on 3 July. As of 28 July, the Coal Phase Out Act was still awaiting signature of the Federal President, upon which it will enter into force the next day.

https://uk.reuters.com/article/germany-coal-compensation/german-government-approves-lignite-compensation-contract-idUKL8N2IV4SI Accessed 4 January 2021

https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-germany-politics-climate-change/german-cabinet-backs-43-billion-euros-for-utilities-over-brown-coal-phase-out-idUKKBN23V21M Accessed 4 January 2021
https://www.bundesrat.de/SharedDocs/beratungsvorgaenge/2020/0301-0400/0392-20.html Accessed 4 January 2021
https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/spelling-out-coal-phase-out-germanys-exit-law-draft Accessed 4 January 2021
Germany National Clean conditional EV infrastracture and E-mobility and battery R&D support Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2853881278.5388 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To expand EV charging infrastructure across the country and ensure the availability of EV charging stations in all regions of the country 03/06/2020 EUR 2.5 billion 2500000000 The government aims to expand EV charging infrastructure across the country and ensure the availability of EV charging stations in all regions of the country. All petrol stations will be required to offer EV charging points.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Fossil conditional Support for auto industry transformation (economic stimulus package) Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2283105022.8311 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government 03/06/2020 EUR 2 billion 2000000000 The federal government will set up a 2020-2021 bonus program for future investments by vehicle manufacturers and the supply industry. Research and development in transformation-relevant innovations and new regional innovation clusters, especially in the supply industry, will be supported with 1 billion euros in 2020 and 2021. This policy is classified as benefitting oil and oil products since its oriented towards suppliers of parts of internal combustion engine.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Clean conditional Fleet exchange programme for social services, to promote “electromobility” in cities and... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 228310502.28311 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To promote electric mobility in urban traffic and support non-profit organisations in converting their fleets 03/06/2020 EUR 200 million 200000000 For social services, a "Social & Mobile" fleet exchange programme for 2020-2021 is being set up to promote electric mobility in urban traffic and support non-profit organisations in converting their fleets.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Clean conditional Equity injection into Deutsche Bahn to enable continued investment in railway modernisation, expansi... Mobility Multiple energy types Equity injection or nationalis... 5707762557.0776 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To enable continued investment in railway modernisation, expansion, and electrification, 03/06/2020 EUR 5 billion 5000000000 As part of the Climate Protection Programme 2030, the German government has already decided to invest an additional 1 billion euros per year in Deutsche Bahn from 2020 to 2030. This will enable Deutsche Bahn to invest additional capital in the modernisation, expansion, and electrification of the rail network and the railway system. To be able to achieve this goal, and in view of the corona-related revenue shortfalls, the Federal Government will provide Deutsche Bahn with an additional equity capital of EUR 5 billion.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Clean conditional Bus and truck fleet modernization Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1369863013.6986 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To increase the demand for e-buses and make urban transport more environmentally friendly 03/06/2020 EUR 1.2 billion 1200000000 The federal government is investing in a "Bus and Truck Fleet Modernization Program", which is open to private and municipal operators alike to promote alternative drive systems. To increase the demand for e-buses and make urban transport more environmentally friendly, funding for e-buses and their charging infrastructure will also be increased for a limited period until the end of 2021.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Fossil conditional Support for accelerated conversion to more efficient types of aircraft Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1141552511.4155 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To support accelerated conversion to more efficient types of aircraft 03/06/2020 EUR 1 billion 1000000000 Modern aircraft of the latest design emits up to 30% less CO2 and noise. This policy is meant to support the accelerated conversion to the new types of aircraft.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Fossil conditional Modernisation fund for shipping, including traffic innovation and support for renewing government ve... Mobility Oil and gas Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1141552511.4155 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages German Government Government To strengthen, modernise, and digitise shipping as a climate-friendly means of transport 03/06/2020 EUR 1 billion 1000000000 This policy is meant to strengthen, modernise and digitise shipping as a climate-friendly means of transport. This includes, among other things, bank rehabilitation, modernisation of locks, replacement of vessels and digital test fields. The innovation support established by the Federal Government in the field of shipping, the Maritime Research Programme, the Land Electricity Support Programme, a new "LNG refuelling vessels support programme", a "fleet renewal programme for government vessels," and a new "Clean Ships Immediate Programme" will be provided with an additional 1 billion euros for projects starting in 2020 and 2021.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=9 Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Clean unconditional Regulatory measures: abolition of cap on fundable maximum capacity for solar; target for offshore wi... Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020060303/06/2020 Other Electricity generation German Government Government To further promote the expansion of renewable energies 18/06/2020 To further promote the expansion of renewable energies, the cap on the funding of photovoltaics ("Solardeckel") at a capacity of 52 GW will be abolished immediately. The expansion target for offshore wind power will be raised from 15 to 20 GW in 2030. Regulation for wind turbines (minimum distance of 1,000 meters to next home) will be relaxed. The federal states will be given the opportunity to stipulate lower minimum distances. This also creates an opportunity for local authorities and residents to benefit more from the financial returns of wind power.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 17 June 2020

https://www.carbonbrief.org/coronavirus-tracking-how-the-worlds-green-recovery-plans-aim-to-cut-emissions Accessed 17 June 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-germany-energy-renewables/germany-set-to-remove-green-power-hurdles-at-next-cabinet-meeting-idUSKBN23J1NB Accessed 17 June 2020
Germany National Fossil unconditional Bailout of Condor Mobility Oil and oil products Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 627853881.27854 2020042727/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) The German government and the Hessian state government Government 27/04/2020 550000000 Condor received a €550m loan guarantee from the federal and Hessian government: €294m as corona-aid and €256m to refinance the bridging loan the airline received following the 2019 bankruptcy of Thomas Cook.

http://condor-newsroom.condor.com/en/de/news-article/condor-federal-government-and-hessian-state-government-pledge-guarantee/ Accessed 22 June 2020

https://www.forbes.com/sites/cathybuyck/2020/04/27/german-leisure-airline-condor-secures-yet-another-government-backed-loan-to-keep-afloat/#56d1acb8305e Accessed 22 June 2020
Germany National Fossil unconditional Bailout of TUI AG (including TUI Fly and cruiseships) Multiple sectors Oil and oil products Loan (Hybrid) 5479452054.7945 2020040808/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government/ KfW Government 08/04/2020 4800000000 The total government bailout of TUI amounts to EUR 4.8 billion after the announcement in December 2020 of a last package of 1.8 billion euros. this will include 1.3 billion euros from the state - amassed from federal fund WSF, state-run lender KfW and a state debt guarantee -- together with 500 million euros from a shareholder capital increase. Previously, The TUI Group has been granted a loan of €1.8bn for its airline, cruise, hotel, and travel agency operations. For lack of exact breakdown by activity we are assigning the whole amount to oil and oil products as the main fuel for the airline and cruise ships, noting the lack of environmental conditionalities. It was also granted a 1.2 billion euros aid package in August 2020 to provide sufficient liquidity to the tour operator back then.

https://www.tuigroup.com/en-en/media/press-releases/2020/2020-03-27-tui-ag-german-federal-government-approves-kfw-bridge-loan Accessed 9 July 2020
https://www.tuigroup.com/en-en/media/press-releases/2020/2020-04-06-kfw-arrangement-signed Accessed 9 July 2020

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtschaft/touristik-tui-bekommt-staatshilfe-1.4872675 Accessed 9 July 2020
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-12-02/tui-is-poised-to-receive-third-german-bailout-since-virus-hit Accessed 07 December 2020
https://ca.reuters.com/article/idUSASN000APO Accessed 07 December 2020
Germany National Clean conditional Support for public transport within municipal budgets (economic stimulus package) Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2853881278.5388 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government 03/06/2020 2500000000 Covid-19 pandemic has reduced ticket revenues for public transport. The federal government will support the federal states in 2020 with the financing of local public transport through a one-time increase in regionalization funds in 2020.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Clean unconditional Modernization of buildings for energy efficiency (economic stimulus package) Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2283105022.8311 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency German Government Government Increase energy efficiency of buildings 03/06/2020 2000000000 Funding for the CO2 building renovation programme will be increased by one billion euros to 2.5 billion euros for 2020 and 2021. The federal government's funding programmes for the energy-efficient renovation of municipal buildings are also being increased and a programme to promote climate adaptation measures in social institutions will be launched.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Clean conditional Premiums doubled for EVs buyers (economic stimulus package) Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2511415525.1142 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To strengthen mobility while ensuring more sustainability and climate protection 31/12/2021 2200000000 The state will double the existing premiums for buyers of EVs.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Fossil conditional Introduction of a new vehicles tax based on their CO2 emissions Mobility Oil and oil products Increased fossil fuel taxation 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) German Government Government To strengthen mobility while ensuring more sustainability and climate protection 01/01/2021 0 Starting from January 2021, new registered vehicles will be taxed according to the CO2 emissions per km (for vehicles with emissions above 95g CO2/km). Owners of cars with emissions over 195 grams/km will pay double the surcharge.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Other energy Hydrogen foreign trade partnerships Multiple sectors Hydrogen Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2283105022.8311 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages German Government Government To import hydrogen from partnership countries, make their economies less dependent on fossil fuels, and cover Germany’s hydrogen needs 03/06/2020 2000000000 Germany plans to build up hydrogen trade partnerships with countries in which hydrogen can be produced efficiently due to their geographical location. Based on German hydrogen technologies that would be developed in the next years, it is planned to import hydrogen from partnership countries, make their economies less dependent on fossil fuels and cover Germany’s hydrogen needs. Suitable hydrogen storage processes for the global, cost-efficient transport of hydrogen are to be developed. The establishment of a European hydrogen society to promote and develop common international production capacities and infrastructures will be explored and promoted with sufficient European support.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8" Accessed 5 June 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-germany-stimulus/germany-earmarks-7-8-billion-for-hydrogen-strategy-idUSKBN23B10L?il=0 Accessed 5 June 2020
Germany National Clean unconditional National Hydrogen Strategy (part of the economic stimulus package) Multiple sectors Hydrogen Budget or off-budget transfer ... 7990867579.9087 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Federal Government/Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy Government To make Germany the world's supplier of state-of-the-art hydrogen technology 03/06/2020 7000000000 The switch from fossil fuels to hydrogen is to be promoted and funded both through investment grants in new plants and a new pilot program to support the operation of electrolysis plants based on the carbon contracts-for-difference approach. Most of the electricity required is to be generated in offshore wind farms and it is planned to build hydrogen power plants with a total output of up to 5 GW by 2030 and 10 GW by 2040. The strategy provides for the creation of a 25-member national hydrogen council made up of people from business, science and civil society. A mandatory quota for aviation fuel and a demand quota for climate-friendly steel will be examined, as well as overall hydrogen infrastructure development.

https://www.bmbf.de/files/bmwi_Nationale%20Wasserstoffstrategie_Eng_s01.pdf Accessed 9 July 2020
https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Publikationen/Energie/die-nationale-wasserstoffstrategie.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=12 Accessed 9 July 2020
https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 9 July 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 9 July 2020
Germany National Other energy Reduction in electricity prices for consumers through a cut in the Renewable Energy Act levy/EEG-sur... Power generation Multiple renewable Uncategorized 12557077625.571 2020060303/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government Government Reduce the burden of financing renewables borne by German households and businesses, that already pay some of the highest power prices in Europe. 11000000000 Under the Renewable Energy Act, the EEG-surcharge represents the difference between the wholesale market price for power on the electricity market and the higher fixed remuneration rate for renewable energies. It is estimated for the following year, based on historic and current data. It is paid by all electricity consumers with the exception of energy intensive industries and operators of renewable power plants that use electricity they generate themselves. The EEG surcharge has increased as electricity prices have declined due to increased renewables presence in the market and cheap coal.

https://www.bundesfinanzministerium.de/Content/DE/Standardartikel/Themen/Schlaglichter/Konjunkturpaket/2020-06-03-eckpunktepapier.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=8 Accessed 4 June 2020

https://www.cleanenergywire.org/news/germany-gives-energy-transition-some-extra-boost-economic-stimulus-programme Accessed 4 June 2020
Germany National Fossil unconditional Lufthansa bailout Mobility Oil and oil products Equity injection or nationalis... 10273972602.74 2020062525/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government and KfW Government To keep the struggling airline aloft 9000000000 Lufthansa will receive a EUR 9 billion bailout in exchange for the state taking a 20% share in the airline company. This deal has been approved by Lufthansa stakeholders.

https://www.dw.com/en/lufthansa-bailout-package-overwhelmingly-backed-by-shareholders/a-53936823 Accessed 2 July 2020