Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, South Africa has committed at least USD 302.15 million to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:
- At least USD 302.15 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 4 policies (1 quantified and 3 unquantified)
- No public money commitments identified for conditional fossil fuels
- No public money commitments identified for unconditional clean energy
- No public money commitments identified for conditional clean energy
- Some public money committed for other energy (3 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
Supporting fossil fuel energy
Supporting clean energy
By energy type, no public money commitments identified for oil and gas.
In addition, South Africa committed at least USD 302.15 million to coal (at least USD 302.15 million to unconditional coal).
Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.
Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.
A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of South Africa through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.
These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.
Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 12 August 2020
|Read more||Jurisdiction||Category||Policy name||Policy type||Sector||Energy type||Stage||Mechanism||Legislation and endorsing agency||Arm of Government||Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy||Date of entry into force||Implemented repeal date, if any||Value as stated (specify currency)||Value committed, national currency||Value committed, USD||Value disbursed, national currency||Date of announcement||Value disbursed, USD||Policy background||Links to official sources||Links to additional sources|
|National||fossil unconditional||Eskom overpays for coal supplies||Fiscal||Power generation||Coal||Electricity generation||Budget or off-budget transfer (DT)||SOE||Eskom's mismanagement of coal supply contracts led to overpayment of coal.||ZAR||5.00 billion||302151318||Unquantified||31/05/2020||Unquantified||Eskom has refused to name the contractor that got a R5 billion overpayment from the cash-strapped national power utility in a transaction that Parliament’s standing committee on appropriations described as too astronomical to just be explained away as an accounting error.||
|National||other energy||Access to Eskom, Sasol and Arcelor Mittal’s pollution records||Other||Multiple sectors||Multiple energy types||Several energy stages||New or extended regulation (IT)||The Ministry of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries||Government||Increasing access to information.||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||11/11/1111||Unquantified||The Minister of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy has ordered her department to disclose future information about the GHG emissions of the country's biggest polluters.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Lowered pollution standards for SO2 emitters||Other||Multiple sectors||Multiple energy types||Several energy stages||Other hybrid support measures||The Ministry of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries||Government||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||11/11/1111||Unquantified||The Minister of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy, published SO2 air pollution standards twice as low as previous standards at the start of the Covid-19 emergency lockdown.||
|National||fossil unconditional||New amendments to the Mineral Resources Development Act (MPRDA)||Other||Multiple sectors||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Uncategorized||Government||Facilitate new mining projects||30/05/2020||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||11/11/1111||Unquantified||Mineral Resources and Energy Minister Gwede Mantashe has released new amendments to the Mineral Resources Development Act which undermine the right of affected communities to oppose mining projects||
|National||fossil unconditional||Deferral of first carbon tax payment and filing of tax returns||Fiscal||Multiple sectors||Multiple energy types||Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc)||Regulatory rollback or non-govt fee break or waiver (IT)||Carbon Tax Act 15 of 2019, Ministry of Finance||Government||To provide cash flow relief and to alleviate some of the compliance burden on taxpayers, a three-month deferral of the first period for submission of accounts and carbon tax payments is proposed.||01/04/2020||31/10/2020||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||01/04/2020||Unquantified||Due to COVID-19 and the subsequent lockdown, many industries and businesses have closed. As such, it is argued that they have decreased income and also are polluting less. The rationale for this is then to allow them a 'payment holiday' for carbon tax emissions due to the reasons above. To provide cash flow relief and to alleviate some of the compliance burdens on taxpayers, a three-month deferral of the first period for submission of accounts and carbon tax payments is proposed."||
|National||other energy||Wind power supply disruptions||Other||Power generation||Wind||Electricity generation||Government procurement (DT)||ESKOM||Government||Manage the reduced demand for electricity by relying on fewer variable sources of energy generation.||01/04/2020||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||01/04/2020||Unquantified||Eskom has issued a Force Majeure to curtail wind power producers from supplying power to the grid. This is because demand is expected to fall; this directly affects the power purchase agreements between Eskom and Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers (REIPPs)||
|National||other energy||IDC providing working capital to suppliers of primary energy||Fiscal||Power generation||Multiple energy types||Several energy stages||New or extended regulation (IT)||Government||Funding to boost primary energy suppliers (alongside other essential sectors).||ZAR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||24/03/2020||Unquantified||The Industrial Development Corporation has allocated R3 billion in funding for firms that produce essential goods to scale up their operations. This includes the energy sector and specifically, primary energy suppliers.||