Egypt

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Egypt has committed at least USD 113.92 million to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • Some public money committed for unconditional fossil fuels (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (23 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for unconditional clean energy (14 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (9 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 113.92 million for other energy through 5 policies (1 quantified and 4 unquantified)

By energy type, some public money committed for oil and gas (16 policies with the value of public money unquantified).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, some public money committed for multiple fossil fuels (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Egypt through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Egypt can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

Updated: 25 May 2022


At least

$0

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$0.00

Per capita



At least

$0

Supporting clean energy

$0.00

Per capita

Egypt

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Egypt has committed at least USD 113.92 million to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • Some public money committed for unconditional fossil fuels (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (23 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for unconditional clean energy (14 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (9 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 113.92 million for other energy through 5 policies (1 quantified and 4 unquantified)

By energy type, some public money committed for oil and gas (16 policies with the value of public money unquantified).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, some public money committed for multiple fossil fuels (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Egypt through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Egypt can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

$ %

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in Egypt recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 25 May 2022

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Egypt Clean conditional Start production of electric cars (E70) locally via El-Nasr automotive Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020060101/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public buissness sector" Other Localizing car manufacturing in Egypt and increasing the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars Introduction of locally manufactured electric cars
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al Ain Salem A. (2020, November 21). Full details of the government's plan to manufacture electric cars at Al-Nasr Motors Company. Youm 7.
Egypt National Clean conditional A national strategy for production of electric cars and its chargers is being developed Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021020101/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public business sector" Government Localizing car manufatcturing in Egypt and increase the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars The draft is submitted to the parliament by the ministry of industry
(GASREG, 2020). Ministry of Industry: We aim to convert diesel vehicles to operate with natural gas. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 4 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%A9-.pdf
Egypt Clean conditional Introducing of manufacturing of electric cars and electric charging stations in state owned automoti... Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public business sector" Government Localizing car manufatcturing in Egypt and increase the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars Production of electric cars and electric charging stations are introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021
Egypt National Clean conditional Discontinue importation of used electric cars. Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2021050101/05/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Industry Government 01/05/2021 Only importing of new electric cars is allowed canceling previous decree which allowed importing of used cars produced up to three years.
Ministry of industry decree 199/2021
Egypt Clean conditional Give monetary incentives to buyers of newly manufactured electric cars (E70) Mobility Multiple energy types Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2021050101/05/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of public business sector Other A subsidy of 50,000 EGP will be deducted from the cost of the E70 car for the first phase of production of the car
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al Ain. Ezz-Eldein, M. (2021, May 23). All you need to know about the Egyptian electric car. El-Watan News. Retrieved from
https://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/5500273?t=push
Egypt National Clean conditional Change the tariff of charging electric cars Mobility Multiple energy types Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2021070101/07/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Egyptian Electricity Utility and Consumer Regulatory Agency Government The tariff of selling electricity to electric car charging stations is 121 piasters/kWh (unchanged). The charging tariff for electric cars decreased from 169 (stations exempted from land use fees)/189 (stations pay land use fees) to 47.5 piasters/kWh for medium-speed stations with a capacity of 22 kilowatts in July 2021. The charging tariff for high-speed stations with a capacity of 50 kilowatts decreased from 375 to 275 piasters per kilowatt-hour
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al-Ain. Enterprise, The state of the nation (2020, September 24). Price and operation of EV charging network spelt out in regulations now before cabinet. Enterprise, The state of the nation. Retrieved from
https://enterprise.press/stories/2020/09/24/price-and-operation-of-ev-charging-network-spelled-out-in-regulations-now-before-cabinet-22377/)
Egypt Other energy Introducing of manufacturing of H2 cars in state owned automotive companies Mobility Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of public business sector Other Production of H2 cars is introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021
Egypt Fossil conditional Introducing of manufacturing of CNG cars and convert vehicles to CNG in state owned automotive compa... Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of military production - Ministry of public business sector Other Conversion of diesel/gasoline vehicles to CNG is introduced to the activities of the Egyptian Tank Production plant; Production of CNG cars is introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
"Managing Committee of the Egyptian Tank Production plant decree 27/10/2020; General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021"
Egypt Fossil conditional Egyptian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency starts a project for converting vehi... Mobility Gas and gas products Loan (Hybrid) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Egyptian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (MSMEDA) - Ministry of petroleum Government Conversion of cars and transporting vehicles to CNG to increase the profit of cars' owners and improve the environment Incentives are instalments of the total cost for 5 years with no interest
(GASREG, 2020). MSMEDA offers incentives for converting cars to NG without monetary burdens with instalments for 5 years. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 16 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/16th-Edition.pdf
https://www.msme.eg/ar/Pages/Projects/ProjectInfo.aspx?ProjectId=11
Egypt National Fossil conditional Boosting CNG as a sustainable fuel for vehicles Mobility Gas and gas products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2021020101/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Finance Government 1- Raise the standard of living of the citizen; 2- Increase income of citizens; 3- Create new job opportunities; 4- The emergence of the state with a civilized appearance; and 5- The revitalization and settlement of the automobile industry in Egypt and its feeding industries 01/10/2021 A renewed initiative was launched in 2021 for replacing old vehicles (above 20 years) with CNG vehicles. The initiative gives a monetary incentive (green incentive) for the participants. The incentive value was agreed upon by the prime minister. The incentive value is 10% of the value of the new car (a maximum of 22 thousand EGP) for private cars, 20% of the value of the new car (a maximum of 45 thousand EGP) for taxis, and 25% of the value of the new shuttle (a maximum of 65 thousand EGP) for shuttles. Additional incentives are the low-interest rate (3% for 6 or 7 years), 50% discount on car insurance, free accident insurance (100 thousand EGP for death or complete disability), 50% discount on health insurance, and low car costs.; 51 thousand cars were converted to CNG in 2020/2021

https://www.gogreenmasr.com/
Egypt National Fossil conditional Increase the number of CNG stations Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of petroleum Other Facilitate CNG fueling in Exxon Mobil fueling stations It is planned to increase the number of CNG station from 306 to 1000 stations by end of 2021 (163 stations were built in 2020/2021); A protocol is signed to install CNG stations in Mobil stations
"Beoumi N. (2021, June14). An expected increase up to 226% of CNG stations. Al Mal News (GASREG, 2020). Protocol signing for CNG fueling in Mobil stations. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 22 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86-.pdf"
Egypt Fossil conditional Construction of NG tanks installed in CNG vehicles Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021060101/06/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Private sector Other Support state in achieving its goal in CNG vehicles converting
(GASREG, 2021). Inauguration of a plant for the production of natural gas cylinders. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 24. Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86_.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional Develop a national policy for production of green H2 and to include H2 in the energy mix of Egypt 20... Power generation Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021010101/01/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of electricity Government To empower Egypt to generate and use hydrogen using renewable energy instead of fossil fuels The strategy targets empowering Egypt to generate and use green H2, to cope with the international progress in this field, and to add green H2 to the integrated national energy mix
Ahram online. (2021, July 10). Egypt’s president urges establishing integrated strategy for producing green hydrogen. Ahram online.
Egypt Clean unconditional Scatec signed an agreement with Egypt’s sovereign fund to produce green H2 Multiple sectors Hydrogen Uncategorized Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Other The project aims at producing green H2 and use it for production of green ammonia
Farg, M. (2021, October 14). Egypt signs an agreement to produce green hydrogen with "Scatec" and "Vertiglobe". Attaqa. Retrieved from
https://attaqa.net/2021/10/14/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%A7%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AC-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%87%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AC%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84/
Egypt National Fossil conditional Increase the share of NG for domestic uses Other sector Gas and gas products Uncategorized Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of petroleum Government The number of units newly connected to the public networks (instead of bottled LPG) was 1070 thousand unit in 2019/2020 and it is targeted to connect 1200 thousand unit in 2021/2022. The country pays subsidies for the LPG (0.54% of the cost is paid by the country). NG saves around 150 EGP monthly if compared with LPG for single household achieving equity (the high rate of connection to NG is in high income regions). Xu (2019) found that the per capita NG consumption has lower CO2 emissions than per capita LPG consumption.
Presentation of minister of petroleum presentation in the American Chamber of Commerce. Sheriet, B. (2019, July 8). Utilizing NG in households saves 150 EGP monthly. Alam AlTaqa. Retrieved from
https://www.alamaltaqa.com/news/details/8611 Xu, B., Zhong, R., & Liu, Y. (2019). Comparison of CO2 emissions reduction efficiency of household fuel consumption in China. Sustainability, 11(4), 979.‏ Retrieved from
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/4/979/htm
Egypt National Fossil conditional Increase the dependency of NG in the national energy mix Power generation Gas and gas products Uncategorized Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of petroleum Government Comply with Egypt's commitment to international agreements and the global trend on reducing carbon emissions and preserving the environment Increase the NG consumption to 62% of non-renewable fuel in 2019/2020 and it is targeted to increase it to 65% of non-renewable fuel in 2022/2023
Presentation of minister of petroleum presentation in the American Chamber of Commerce Sheriet, B. (2019, July 8). Utilizing NG in households saves 150 EGP monthly. Alam AlTaqa. Retrieved from
https://www.alamaltaqa.com/news/details/8611 Xu, B., Zhong, R., & Liu, Y. (2019). Comparison of CO2 emissions reduction efficiency of household fuel consumption in China. Sustainability, 11(4), 979.‏ Retrieved from
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/4/979/htm
Egypt National Fossil conditional Provide new NG customers with easy payment methods Other sector Gas and gas products Loan (Hybrid) 2018010101/01/2018 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of petroleum Government An initiative was launched in 2018 for paying the cost of connecting the network in 6 years with no interest
El-Ghoul, M. (2021, July 03). A monthly installment of 30 EGP. 5 information about the initiative to install the cost of gas delivery to homes. Youm 7. Retrived from
https://www.youm7.com/story/2021/7/3/%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%B7-%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1%D9%89-30-%D8%AC%D9%86%D9%8A%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%8B-5-%D9%85%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%88%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%B9%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%B7-%D8%AA%D9%83%D9%84%D9%81%D8%A9/5375974
Egypt National Fossil conditional Cost of NG is decreased from 6/5.5 to 4.5 $/MBTU for NG intensive consumption industries Multiple sectors Gas and gas products Underpricing of govt-owned goo... 2020030101/03/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of petroleum Government This tariff is reviewed every 6 months for possible modifications. The cost of selling of NG for electricity generation purposes is 3.5 $/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG for brick kilns is 73 EGP/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG to municipality bakeries is 14.1 piasters/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG for domestic uses ranges from 2.35 to 3.6 EGP/m3
Prime Ministerial decree1884/2019 Prime Ministerial decree 744/2020 and
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/ar/natural-gas-pricing/
Egypt Nartional Fossil conditional Installing of pre-paid NG meters Other sector Gas and gas products Government procurement (DT) Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of petroleum Government Pre-paid NG meters are expected to improve tariff collection from users. Furthermore, it is expected to improve the management of the NG consumption via users. 01/08/2020
(GASREG, 2020). The Minister of Petroleum chairs a meeting to follow up the collection of natural gas dues. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 24 . Sada El-Balad (August, 2020). Learn about the plan to install a prepaid natural gas meter (Video). YouTube. Retrieved from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YwgYwRz9BIc
Egypt Nartional Fossil conditional A plan ( protocol is signed) for converting of 6525 bakeries (Egyptian bread) from using diesel to N... Other sector Gas and gas products Uncategorized Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of petroleum Ministry of supply and internal trading Ministry of local development" Government Replace diesel to better environmentally alternative
(GASREG, 2020). Ministry of Supply plans to convert 6525 bakery to NG as a first phase. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 15 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/15th-Edition-.pdf Alam Altaqa. (2020, November 16). A plan to convert 6,525 bakeries to natural gas as a first stage. Alam Altaqa. Retrieved from
https://alamaltaqa.com/news/details/14304
Egypt National Fossil conditional A plan (protocol is signed) for converting medium/small industrial facilities to NG Multiple sectors Oil and gas Debt write-offs (Hybrid) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government "Improving and developing the industrial facilities Protecting the environment Reduce money allocated for importing raw materials (diesel)"
(GASREG, 2021). Cairo Gas Company signs a protocol with Bank Masr for financing plants conversion to NG. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 22 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86-.pdf
Egypt Fossil conditional Utilization of associated gas in generating electricity and LPG Power generation Oil and gas New or extended regulation (IT... Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Other The Egyptian government announced it is joining the Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 initiative to reduce gas flaring at oil production sites. Based on personal communications, currently this initiative is on hold.
WBG. 2018. Egypt Targets Gas Flares to Help Meet Increased Energy Demand. WBG. Retrieved from
https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/extractiveindustries/brief/egypt-targets-gas-flares-to-help-meet-increased-energy-demand
Egypt Fossil conditional Preparing of measurement, reporting and verification methodology for the flared gases Power generation Oil and gas New or extended regulation (IT... Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Other The methodology is being tested in pilot projects by the ministry of petroleum
Egypt Municipal (new Bani-swif - new... Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new governmental and private housing in new cities Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government Applied in New Bani-Swif City and New Damietta. Applied in new residential complex in 6th of October
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 410/2019 and 759/2020, 970/2019
Egypt Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new clubs affiliated to Ministry of Youth and Sports in 2020 Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government Applied in royal club in New Cairo
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 856/2019
Egypt Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new governmental owned universities in 2020 Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government Applied in Fayoum University and Azhar University in Aswan
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 536/2019
Egypt National Clean unconditional The maximum capacity of the installed solar panels in households is equal to the maximum consumption... Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2020050101/05/2020 Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other 01/05/2020 "The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020"
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional The net produced electricity is paid at the end of each fiscal year according to last agreement betw... Power generation Solar Government procurement (DT) Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional The client pays an integration fee (determined by EGYPTERA). The units producing electricity with a ... Power generation Solar Uncategorized Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional The renewable energy contribution in the energy mix of 2035 increased from 42% to 55% Power generation Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) Electricity generation Ministry of electricity Government Coal is replaced by renewable energy projects with BOO scheme
"Presentation of minister of electricity in the American Chamber of Commerce
http://www.nrea.gov.eg/About/Strategy"
Egypt National Clean unconditional Install solar panels above governmental-owned buildings in 2020 Power generation Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government Rationalizing public spending in the entities affiliated to the state in light of the continuing pandemic of the emerging Corona virus.
Prime Minister Decree 1769/2020
Egypt Subnational Clean unconditional Gharbiya governorate recommends using renewable energy in different types of advertisements 2021 Other sector Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Governorate Government
Gharbiya governorate decree 132/2021
Egypt Clean unconditional Use renewable energy instead of coal for energy intensive industrial sectors Power generation Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) Electricity generation Other The Ministry of Electricity changed Al Nowais coal station project to a 500 MW wind power plant and a 200 MW solar plant are built-in 2019.
Enterprise press (2019). UAE’s Al Nowais offers to set up USD 700 mn renewable energy plants in Egypt. Enterprise press. Retrieved by
https://enterprise.press/stories/2019/10/15/uaes-al-nowais-offers-to-set-up-usd-700-mn-renewable-energy-plants-in-egypt/
Egypt Municipal (Dahsour) Fossil conditional Installing of Organic Rankin Cycle (ORC) in gas compression stations Power generation Gas and gas products Government procurement (DT) 2021022121/02/2021 Electricity generation Ministry of petroleum SOE The ORC recovers waste heat of the exhaust of the gas turbine that drives natural gas compressors. This project is implemented at GASCO- Dahshour gas compression station in cooperation with EBRD. The project is in the contracting phase
(GASREG, 2020). Highly Efficient Gas Compression Station in Dahsour. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 18 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1_.pdf
Egypt Clean unconditional Re-powering of old wind farms Power generation Wind Uncategorized Electricity generation Other Decision not taken yet, still being studied
Presentation of minister of electricity in the American Chamber of Commerce
Egypt National Clean conditional Improve energy efficiency in governmental-owned buildings by installing energy efficiency equipment ... Buildings Energy efficiency Government procurement (DT) Energy efficiency Ministry of Finance Government Rationalizing public spending in the entities affiliated to the state in light of the continuing pandemic of the emerging Corona virus.
Prime Minister Decree 1769/2020
Egypt Subnational Clean conditional Use LED lighting in advertisements in Alexandria governorate in 2020 Other sector Energy efficiency Government procurement (DT) Energy efficiency Governorate Other
Alexandria governorate decree 441/2020
Egypt Fossil unconditional Converting simple cycle power plant into combined cycle power Power generation Multiple fossil Government procurement (DT) Electricity generation Other
Presentation of Minister of electricity in the American Chamber of Commerce in November 2020
Egypt Fossil unconditional Temporarily discontinue operation of single cycle power plants older than 25 years ( when a major re... Power generation Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... Electricity generation Other However, as locations are considered ideal geographically (supply of fuel, availability of water and connection to grid) as well as for the grid stability, this is only done when the grid stability is ensured
Egypt National Fossil conditional A new electricity tariff schedule is issued in July 2020 Power generation Multiple energy types Increased fossil fuel taxation 2020070101/07/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Electricity SOE The tariff increases with higher consumption. The tariff increases every year for t five years starting from July 2020
Minister of Electricity decree 100/2020
Egypt National Fossil conditional Improving energy efficiency in Egypt’s oil and gas modernization strategy Power generation Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... Energy efficiency Ministry of Petroleum SOE Improve electricity efficiency in the petroleum sector Ministry of Petroleum is applying several policies and strategies to enhance the energy efficiency (EE) in the sector including; establish an EE institutional setup in all sector companies, establish and monitoring the sector energy consumption, build the capacities towards improving the EE in the processing and production activities, and applying No/Low-cost measures to improve the energy efficiency.
Egypt National Fossil conditional Developing EE strategy for the petroleum sector Power generation Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... Energy efficiency Ministry of Petroleum SOE Improve electricity efficiency in the petroleum sector Ministry of Petroleum is conducting 5 energy efficiency audits (in coordination with EU and JAICA) in a number of sector companies in order to develop an energy efficiency strategy. Finally, the strategy will be implemented in the petroleum and gas sector.
Egypt National Fossil conditional Reduce losses of methane and VOCs in the petroleum and gas sector Power generation Oil and gas Uncategorized Reduced environmental damage Ministry of petroleum SOE Reduce methane and VOCs in natural gas supply chain Ministry of Petroleum is currently implementing a program for identifying the potential sources and reduction plan for the methane and VOC emissions. A consultant will conduct a measurement campaign to identify the leaks of methane and VOC. The campaign is planned during this year and it will cover the supply chain of the gas infrastructure in Egypt starting from production, through processing to transportation in the national grid. The study will examine also the VOC emissions from the hydrocarbon storage tanks.Reduce methane and VOCs in natural gas supply chain
Egypt Other energy Improve distribution network to reduce losses Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Other
Egypt National/Regional Other energy Egypt plans to interconnect electricity grid with different countries Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 113924050.63291 2021100101/10/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution "Ministry of electricity Ministry of International Cooperation SOE "Interconnections with Saudi Arabia will achieve the following: 1- A start for Arabic interconnected grid 2- Support in the 2030 vision of the two countries 3- Increase stability and reliability of the two grids Interconnections with Greece and Cyprus: 1- Improve electricity supply 2- Stimulate regional cooperation 3- Construct lines for transporting big amounts of renewable energy 4- Increase the percentage of renewable energy generation 5- Achieve electricity interconnection with the EU" 1800000000 Egypt signed a memorandum of understanding for electricity grid interconnection with Greece and Cyprus in October 2021; Egypt signed contracts for electricity grid interconnection with Saudi Arabia in October 2021
Taman, N. (2021. October 17). Egypt and Cyprus sign memorandum of understanding for electricity interconnection. Al-Ahram.
Taman, N. (2021. October 17). The signing of contracts for electricity interconnecting between Egypt and Saudi Arabia with a cost of 1.8 billion dollars. Al-Ahram.
Egypt Subnational Other energy Egypt plans to generalize production of biogas and organic compost from wastewater treatment sludge Resources Biofuels and waste Government procurement (DT) 2019050101/05/2019 Electricity generation Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government "Generate electricity covering 50% of the electricity requirement of the WWTP Reduce the quantity of disposed sludge Reduce environmental impacts of WWTP Reducing damage to residents in the vicinity of the WWTP" Minister of housing, utilities, and urban communities generalizes the biogas and compost piloted in Sakha (Kafr El-sheikh governorate) wastewater treatment plant to all drinking water and sanitation companies; A plan has been developed and is currently being implemented; European Investment Bank signed a funding agreement for upgrading and extension of West Alexandria sewage treatment plant in February 2020. It is understood that upgrading will include the production of biogas from sludge. The construction phase of the project started in September 2021.
Ibrahim B. (2019). The Minister of Housing reviews the projects for the production of “biogas” and “compost” from the sewage treatment in Kafr El-Sheik. Almal news. Retrieved from
https://almalnews.com/%D9%88%D8%B2%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%B3%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%85%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AC- %D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8/
"German - Arab Chamber of Industry and Commerce (2019). EGYPT Biomass and biogas Target market analysis 2019 with profiles of the market players. German - Arab Chamber of Industry and Commerce" "Almal news (2021). The start of the development and expansion of the drinking water treatment plant in Alexandria. Almal news. Retrieved from
https://almalnews.com/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%B3%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A9-%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7%D9%87-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1/"
Egypt Municiplity (Abu Rawash) Other energy Initiation of Waste to Energy projects Power generation Biofuels and waste Government procurement (DT) 2021090101/09/2021 Electricity generation "Ministry of Local Development The Waste Management Regulatory Authority (WMRA) representing the Ministry of Environment Giza governorate " Government Improve MSW management in Giza governorate A protocol was signed between the Ministry of Local Development, the Waste Management Regulatory Authority (WMRA) representing the Ministry of Environment, Giza governorate, and the Ministry of Military Production (representing the private sector). The protocol aims at coordinating between these ministries to construct a WtE processing facility in Abu Rawash with Design, Build, Own and Operate (DBOO) model.
Egypt National Clean conditional Egypt issued green bonds by a value of 750 million dollar Buildings Multiple renewable Other hybrid support measures 2020090101/09/2020 Reduced environmental damage Ministry of Finance Public finance institution "Fund green projects Fund renewable energy projects Fund GHG reduction projects" Renewable energy projects (Benban solar park) were part of these green bonds
Financial Regulatory Authority, (June, 2021). Approval of the first issuance of green bonds in the capital market in Egypt for a company with a value of $100 million. Financial Regulatory Authority official website. Retrieved from
https://fra.gov.eg/fra_news/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%82%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%A5%D8%B5%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B6/
Egypt Subnational Fossil conditional The 3rd and 4th lines of metro lines are under construction in Cairo and Giza Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2006010101/01/2006 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Transportation SOE The third line is currently under-construction. Third line to be finished in 2023. The construction of the fourth line started is in 2021
The National Authority For Tunnels. On-going projects. The National Authority For Tunnels official website. Retrieved from
http://www.nat.org.eg/arabic/phase3.html
Egypt Subnational Fossil conditional 2 monorail lines are under construction in Cairo and Giza Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Transportation SOE The construction of the 2 lines started from the end of 2020
The National Authority For Tunnels. On-going projects. The National Authority For Tunnels official website. Retrieved from
http://www.nat.org.eg/arabic/phase3.html
Egypt Subnational Fossil conditional LRT line is under construction connecting Cairo to new cities Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Transportation SOE First and second phases of the project (connecting metro 3rd line with the new administrative capital) are planned to be opened in October 2021.
The National Authority For Tunnels. On-going projects. The National Authority For Tunnels official website. Retrieved from
http://www.nat.org.eg/arabic/phase3.html
Egypt National Fossil conditional Initiation of HSR connecting Sokhna to Matrouh Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government procurement (DT) 2021090101/09/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Ministry of Transportation SOE Siemens Mobility signed a contract in September with Egypt's National Authority for Tunnels to build 660 out of the planned 1,800-kilometer network.
Bailey, S. (2021). Egypt is building a $4.5 billion high-speed rail line. CNN travel. Retrieved from
https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/egypt-high-speed-train-spc-intl/index.html
Egypt Clean unconditional Egypt plans to construct water desalination stations powered by renewable energy Resources Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) 2021100101/10/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Other Egypt issues tenders to construct 17 desalination station by solar energy in the next five years.
Almayadeen (2021, October 2021). Egypt issues tenders for 17 new desalination plants. Almayadeen. Retrieved from
https://www.almayadeen.net/news/economic/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%B7%D8%B1%D8%AD-%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7%D9%87-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%A9