Estonia

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Estonia has committed at least USD 1.14 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 214.90 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 3 policies (3 quantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for conditional fossil fuels
  • At least USD 94.16 million for unconditional clean energy through 7 policies (7 quantified)
  • At least USD 816.59 million for conditional clean energy through 13 policies (13 quantified)
  • At least USD 13.70 million for other energy through 1 policy (1 quantified)

By energy type, Estonia committed at least USD 28.54 million to oil and gas (at least USD 28.54 million to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Estonia through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Estonia can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

Updated: 22 June 2022


At least

$214.90 million

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$161.95

Per capita



At least

$910.75 million

Supporting clean energy

$686.37

Per capita

Estonia

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Estonia has committed at least USD 1.14 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 214.90 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 3 policies (3 quantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for conditional fossil fuels
  • At least USD 94.16 million for unconditional clean energy through 7 policies (7 quantified)
  • At least USD 816.59 million for conditional clean energy through 13 policies (13 quantified)
  • At least USD 13.70 million for other energy through 1 policy (1 quantified)

By energy type, Estonia committed at least USD 28.54 million to oil and gas (at least USD 28.54 million to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Estonia through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Estonia can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

$ %

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in Estonia recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 22 June 2022

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Estonia National Clean unconditional Green energy solutions for radar stations on small islands Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2054794.5205479 Electricity generation Estonian Government Government 01/01/2021 31/12/2022 1800000 Acquisition and installation of renewable energy solutions for Naissaare, Vaidloo and Osmussaare radar stations, dismantling/demolition of existing redundant equipment and buildings, waste disposal and improvements to infrastructure-related buildings/facilities.

https://www.politsei.ee/et/juhend/rahvusvaheline-koostoeoe/struktuuritoetusest-rahastatud-projektid
Estonia National Clean unconditional Introduction of green hydrogen in public transport Mobility Hydrogen Budget or off-budget transfer ... 5707762.5570776 2021062929/06/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Environmental Investment Centre Public finance institution 05/07/2021 30/11/2024 5000000 The purpose of the grant is to encourage the transition to less environmentally harmful public transport that consumes green hydrogen.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/102072021012

https://www.kik.ee/et/toetatav-tegevus/rohevesiniku-kasutuselevott-uhistranspordis
Estonia National Clean conditional Rohuküla railway construction on sections: Turba-Ellamaa, Ellamaa-Risti Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 38812785.388128 2021042929/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Government Government 34000000 In the state budget strategy until 2025, €34 million has been earmarked for the Haapsalu railway.

https://valitsus.ee/en/media/3951/download
Estonia National Clean conditional Purchase of electric buses and creation of the charging infrastructure Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4566210.0456621 2021080202/08/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Environmental Investment Centre Public finance institution 10/12/2020 31/12/2023 4000000 The aims of the grant include the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions in the Estonian transport sector by means of adopting electric buses, and the gathering and analysis of the consumption and charging data of electric buses to contribute to the development of the electric transport sector.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/111122020010

https://www.kik.ee/et/toetatav-tegevus/elektribusside-soetamine-ja-laadimistaristu-loomine
Estonia National Clean conditional Rail Baltic Ülemiste joint transport terminal construction Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 35445205.479452 2021042929/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Government Government 31050000 With the assistance of the RRF, the Ülemiste common terminal will be built in synergy with the Rail Baltica project by 31 August 2026 at the latest, with an expected grant of EUR 31.05 million.

https://valitsus.ee/en/media/3951/download
Estonia National Clean conditional Rail Baltic local stops, Pärnu passenger terminal and viaducts Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 63105022.83105 2021042929/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Government Government 55280000 In the period 2021-2027, the local stops of Rail Baltica, the Pärnu passenger terminal and viaducts will be built with an expected total CF support of EUR 55.28 million.

https://valitsus.ee/en/media/3951/download
Estonia National Fossil unconditional Reimbursement of network charges Power generation Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 100742009.13242 2021110505/11/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Estonian Environmental Investment Centre Public finance institution 09/11/2021 31/03/2022 88250000 The objective of this support measure is to alleviate the increase in electricity prices for final consumers. The network operator will be compensated for the loss of revenue from the supply of network services to consumers and the VAT due on those services. Licensed network operators will be compensated for 50% of the cost of the network service provided to consumers (normal distribution or transmission tariff plus excise duty, renewable energy fee and VAT). The electricity network fee for household consumers will be reimbursed in the amount of 50% in the period from December 2021 to March 2022. The electricity network fee for business consumers (companies, institutions) will be reimbursed in the amount of 100% from January 2022.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/106112021001

https://www.kik.ee/en/supported-activity/reimbursement-network-charges
https://kik.ee/et/toetatav-tegevus/energiahinna-hyvitamine
Estonia National Clean unconditional Promoting the deployment of integrated hydrogen technologies Multiple sectors Hydrogen Budget or off-budget transfer ... 57077625.570776 2021061717/06/2021 Several energy stages Estonian Government Government 50000000 Supporting the creation of integrated green hydrogen value chains that cover green hydrogen production, supply (including infrastructure where appropriate) and end-use. The measure includes both investment and operating support. The pilot projects that will be supported will be selected on the basis of an open call(s) for proposals. In 2022, investments will start in the technologies and equipment needed to build the hydrogen integrated chain, and will continue until the equipment is installed and operational.

https://www.valitsus.ee/uudised/valitsus-kinnitas-pea-miljardi-euro-suuruse-taastekava
Estonia National Clean unconditional Hydrogen Roadmap for Estonia Multiple sectors Hydrogen Government procurement (DT) 28424.657534247 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 14/07/2021 24900 The aim of the roadmap is to map Estonia's current situation and need (incl. Volume and potential) for the introduction of hydrogen technologies, to agree on strategic choices where Estonia has the most promising development and use of hydrogen technologies. The aim was also to map the parties needed to achieve the goals, their role and key activities both in Estonia and key partners across the region.

https://www.sei.org/projects-and-tools/projects/eesti-vesiniku-teekaardi-konsultatsioon/
Estonia National Clean unconditional Transitioning to carbon neutral heating and cooling in Estonia by 2050 Other sector Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 125570.77625571 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 04/08/2021 110000 The objective of this study is to identify possible scenarios that would help to achieve carbon neutral heating and cooling sector in Estonia by 2050.

https://www.sei.org/projects-and-tools/projects/transitioning-to-carbon-neutral-heating-and-cooling-in-estonia-by-2050/
Estonia National Clean conditional Program to boost renewable energy production in industrial sectors Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 7990867.5799087 2021100505/10/2021 Electricity generation Estonian Government Government 14/06/2021 31/12/2026 7000000 The measure aims at additional generation interconnection capacity in industrial areas. It will co-finance grid connection investments by companies that contribute to the increase of renewable electricity generation capacity in industrial areas.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Clean conditional Energy storage pilot program Multiple sectors Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 9132420.0913242 2021100505/10/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Estonian Government Government 14/06/2021 31/12/2026 8000000 Additional heat storage capacity and electricity storage capacity as a result of the investment support resulting from the measure. Investments in energy storage equipment by companies will be co-financed.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Clean conditional Electricity grid reinforcement programme to increase renewable energy generation capacity and adapt ... Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 34246575.342466 2021100505/10/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Estonian Government Government 14/06/2021 31/12/2021 30000000 The aim of the measure is to increase the capacity to integrate renewable energy production into the grid. The activities will result in an increase in the capacity of the grid, as well as its resilience to climate change (storm resilience). The realisation of the investments induced by the support will lead to a generation capacity of up to 185 MW on the 110 kV network, depending on the substations, and up to 310 MW on the 330 kV network, depending on the substation. The non-repayable aid will not be included in the calculation of network charges, thus reducing the pressure to increase network charges.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Other energy Promoting the uptake of biomethane Power generation Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13698630.136986 2021100505/10/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Government Government 01/01/2022 31/12/2027 12000000 In order to increase the share of renewable energy in final consumption, the construction of new biogas refuelling stations will be essential for the addition of new regions in the country and the overall expansion of use. In order to increase the share of renewable energy in final consumption and to meet the national targets for the uptake of renewable fuels, compensation for the difference in the price per litre of fuel for the switch to renewable fuels in public transport is an intervention that accelerates and facilitates the process. (Explanation of the intervention in the indicator passports).

https://m.riigikogu.ee/tegevus/eelnoud/eelnou/f5873c08-6551-49ac-8bae-973b7192447e/Perioodi%202021%E2%80%932027%20Euroopa%20Liidu%20%C3%BChtekuuluvus-%20ja%20siseturvalisuspoliitika%20fondide%20rakendamise%20seadus

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
https://rtk.ee/rohelisem-eesti#majandus-ja-kommunikatsiooniministeerium
https://rohe.geenius.ee/rubriik/uudis/biometaani-turg-on-viimastel-aastatel-eestis-kiiresti-arenenud/
Estonia National Clean conditional Decoupling of Ida-Virumaa’s district heating from oil shale Buildings Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 22831050.228311 2021042929/04/2021 Other energy stage Estonian Government Government 01/01/2022 31/12/2026 20000000 The activities supported include partial support for investments in the construction of a new heat production plant. The objective of the intervention is to provide investment support to the network areas of district heating plants operating in the Ida-Viru region with the aim of replacing the current shale-based heat generation technology with a renewable technology. In Narva, a cogeneration plant running on renewable energy is potentially possible, while in smaller areas boilers or heat pumps could be used.

https://www.rahandusministeerium.ee/sites/default/files/Regionaalareng_poliitika/2._kaugkytte-lahtisidumine-polevkivist_est.pdf
Estonia National Clean conditional Tallinn Old Port tram line construction Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 29680365.296804 2021100505/10/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 26000000 The aim of the investment is to increase the share of public transport, walking and cycling in the Tallinn urban region to 50% (2025) and 70% (2035). Reduce CO2 emissions from transport in Tallinn by 40% by 2026 compared to 2007 baseline. Increase the proportion of people who are highly satisfied with the year-round accessibility of streets, pavements and public transport stops.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Clean conditional 5th electric ferry Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government procurement (DT) 45662100.456621 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 01/01/2020 40000000 Estonian government has ordered the 5th ferry to serve passengers between mainland and the biggest island in Estonia. The ferry is arriving on the route in 2024 and will start serving passengers on the Virtsu – Kuivastu route. The transition to electric vessels between Saaremaa and the mainland is planned in order to reduce the environmental impact of maritime transport. From September 2020 ferry Tõll has been the first hybrid passenger vessel in Estonia. Its batteries allow partial travel on electricity, which reduces the amount of diesel used and minimizes air pollution. The batteries are expected to reduce diesel consumption by 20% thus also reducing CO2 emissions by 1600 tons per year. In addition to emissions, underwater noise and vibration levels are also reduced.

https://www.err.ee/1608211189/riik-muudab-uue-parvlaeva-tellimise-rahastust-ja-toob-selle-2024-liinile
Estonia National Clean conditional Acquisition of Elron electric trains 6+10 Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government procurement (DT) 165525114.15525 2020012323/01/2020 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 01/01/2021 31/12/2024 145000000 In January 2020, Estonian state-owned passenger rail operator Elron announced a procurement for the purchase of six dual system electric trains with the option of an additional ten trains in the future. The new trains will be built by the Czech company, Škoda Vagonka and begin traveling on the electrified Tallinn-Tartu route, which will be completed by December 2024. The trains will be dual-system electric trains that can travel in both the old contact line area as well as on new electrified sections of rail. The new trains will increase the environmental friendliness of the transport connections, and will alleviate the current load on one of the most popular railway lines in Estonia.

https://elron.ee/en/elronist/uudised/skoda-will-build-new-trains
Estonia National Clean conditional Electrification of railways in 2020-2028 Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 285388127.85388 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 01/01/2021 250000000 The scope of the project contains construction works for approximately 680 km of new contact lines. The preliminary plan is to build a maximum of 8 new traction power substations (25 kV AC). The deadline for the project is December of 2028.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf

https://evr.ee/files/Electrification-of-Estonian-Railways-2020-2028.pdf (04.01.2022)
Estonia National Clean conditional Development of railway infrastructure (160 km/h curves, rec) Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 74200913.242009 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 01/01/2021 65000000 The railway track between 2 largest Estonian cities, Tallinn and Tartu will be straightened before electrification so that the train can run up to 160 km/h.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf

https://epl.delfi.ee/artikkel/90049589/hannes-luts-poolteise-tunniga-tallinnast-tartusse-unistus-millele-tommatakse-jarsku-pidurit?
Estonia National Clean unconditional Local authorities’ investments in light traffic Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 28538812.785388 2021100505/10/2021 Active transport (cycling or walking) Estonian Government Government 25000000 The aim of the measure is to increase the motivation of local authorities to find a solution to road sections that are dangerous for pedestrians and cyclists and to ensure better accessibility of services, including public transport, and jobs for cyclists and pedestrians outside major urban areas. The implementation of the support measure will result in a reduction of the environmental impact of the transport sector as well as an increase in the active mobility of people in the supported area.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Clean unconditional North-East Estonian radar (for wind energy development) Other sector Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government procurement (DT) 627853.88127854 2021100505/10/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Estonian Government Government 14/06/2021 31/12/2026 550000 Estonia's airspace radar systems will be updated with the new radar in Ida-Viru County, which is planned to be up and running by 2024. Northern parts of Ida-Viru County are among the parts with the highest wind power density of the Estonian mainland.

https://rrf.ee/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/EE-Taastekava-051021.pdf
Estonia National Fossil unconditional Reimbursement of network charges Power generation Gas and gas products Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 28538812.785388 2021110606/11/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Estonian Environmental Investment Centre Public finance institution 09/11/2021 31/03/2022 25000000 In accordance with the regulation of Conditions and Procedure for Partial Compensation of the Final Price of Electricity and Gas, Environmental Investment Centre provides support only to licensed network operators within the meaning of the Natural Gas Act. They will be compensated 100 per cent of the fee charged to the network service provided to the consumer for the period from 1 December 2021 to 31 March 2022 and the VAT due to those services. Gas network charges to final customers (not applicable to other network operators) will be reimbursed at 100% until March 2022.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/131122021029?leiaKehtiv

https://kik.ee/et/toetatav-tegevus/energiahinna-hyvitamine
Estonia National Fossil unconditional Reimbursement of electricity, gas and district heating bills Power generation Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 85616438.356164 2021112424/11/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Estonian Government Government 27/11/2021 30/04/2022 75000000 Up to middle-income families are reimbursed 80% of the price increase for electricity, gas and heating bills, which exceed the following values ​​as a monthly average: electricity 120 euros/MWh (12 s/kWh); gas 49 euros/MWh (4.9 s/kWh); district heating 78 euros/MWh (7.8 s/kWh), but not less than the price of district heating in the applicant's network area as of the end of January 2021.

https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/125032022014?leiaKehtiv

https://www.rahandusministeerium.ee/et/energiakulude-huvitamine
https://kik.ee/et/toetatav-tegevus/energiahinna-hyvitamine