Spain

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Spain has committed at least USD 15.61 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 1.32 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 3 policies (2 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 2.96 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 1 policy (1 quantified)
  • At least USD 7.99 billion for unconditional clean energy through 10 policies (6 quantified and 4 unquantified)
  • At least USD 3.35 billion for conditional clean energy through 7 policies (5 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for other energy
Updated: 21 October 2020


At least

$4.28 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$90.89

Per capita



At least

$11.33 billion

Supporting clean energy

$240.75

Per capita

By energy type, Spain committed at least USD 1.32 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 1.32 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Spain through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 21 October 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Spain National Clean unconditional Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan for the Spanish Economy: Energy Transition Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 7136563876.652 2020100707/10/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Spanish government Government To move towards a 100% renewable system. 07/10/2020 9% of the total 72000 million euros 6480000000 The Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan is a country project that outlines the roadmap for the modernization of the Spanish economy, the recovery of economic growth and job creation, for a solid, inclusive and resilient economic reconstruction after the crisis of COVID, and to respond to the challenges of the next decade. The Energy Transition is one of the three environmental goals of this plan. It accounts for 9% of the total resources and it is intended to move the economy towards a clear, stable and predictable normative framework which promotes private investment and renewable energies by developing a new auction system and support lines for innovative projects, with a clear commitment to floating offshore wind power. The concrete measures regarding the energy transition are: Massive deployment of the renewable generation park aimed at energy development, electrical infrastructures, promotion of smart grids and deployment of flexibility and storage, roadmap for renewable hydrogen and its sectoral integration and Just Transition Strategy. The Plan will be financed by the European Recovery Fund, but the Government has decided to advance in the next General State Budgets 27,000 million euros to this Plan. This will allow the execution of the Plan to be accelerated from the moment the State General Budgets are approved. Specifically, the European Recovery Fund will allow Spain to obtain financing for up to 140,000 million of which around 72,000 million will be disbursed in the form of transfers and the rest through loans. The European Recovery Fund consists of two instruments through which resources will be channelled: on the one hand, the Facility for Recovery and Resilience, which concentrates the bulk with 59,000 million in transfers, and on the other hand, the REACT-EU that allows our country to obtain financing for an amount of 12,400 million.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/071020-sanchez_plan.aspx (Accessed 8 October 2020)
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/presidencia/Paginas/2020/07102020_planrecuperacion.aspx (Accessed 8 October 2020)
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Documents/2020/07102020_PlanRecuperacion.pdf (Accessed 8 October 2020)

https://cincodias.elpais.com/cincodias/2020/10/07/economia/1602071282_129428.html (Accessed 8 October 2020)
https://www.ft.com/content/ecb64124-7ac4-4621-8898-e0c9c348558b (Accessed 8 October 2020)
Spain National Clean unconditional Hydrogen Roadmap: a commitment to renewable hydrogen Power generation Hydrogen New or extended regulation (IT... 2020072929/07/2020 Other Electricity generation Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge Government To promote the development of hydrogen-related technologies in Spain, with great potential for the country's industrial value chain. 06/10/2020 The Hydrogen Roadmap includes 60 measures to, among other issues, prepare the regulatory framework and promote research and innovation, and sets targets for 2030, including reaching an installed capacity of electrolyzers, the system to obtain renewable hydrogen using water and electricity from renewable sources as raw materials, of at least 4 gigawatts (GW). It defines the opportunities that hydrogen opens up for Spain, among which its contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions stands out. In addition, it will allow the penetration of a greater percentage of renewable energies in the electrical system; it will help reduce national energy dependence; it will favour the decarbonisation of isolated energy systems, especially island ones; and it will help Spain to maximize its potential, in terms of job creation and economic activity, associated with the energy transition.
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/prensa/ultimas-noticias/el-miteco-abre-el-periodo-de-informaci%C3%B3n-p%C3%BAblica-de-la-hoja-de-ruta-del-hidr%C3%B3geno-una-apuesta-por-el-hidr%C3%B3geno-renovable/tcm:30-510855 Accessed 7 October 2020
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/ministerio/hoja-de-ruta-del-hidrogeno-renovable.aspx Accessed 7 October 2020
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/prensa/ultimas-noticias/el-gobierno-aprueba-la-hoja-de-ruta-del-hidr%C3%B3geno-una-apuesta-por-el-hidr%C3%B3geno-renovable/tcm:30-513814 Accessed 7 October 2020
https://www.miteco.gob.es/images/es/hojarutadelhidrogeno_tcm30-513830.pdf Accessed 7 October 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Second round of calls to finance innovative renewable projects in five autonomous communities Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 26431718.061674 2020092323/09/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge Government To finance innovative renewable technology projects. 23/09/2020 24 million euros 24000000 The calls, agreed with the regional governments, will support electricity and thermal generation projects in Aragon, Cantabria, the Valencian Community, La Rioja and Melilla. These calls, together with the one held on September 10 and others to come, will award a total of 316 million euros to the Autonomous Communities so that they can finance renewable projects. These aids are managed by the IDAE (Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving). It is estimated that these 24 million euros will mobilize an additional private investment of about 79 million, generating local employment; and it will eliminate more than 87,300 tons of CO2 equivalent per year (t eq. CO2 / year), contributing to the fight against climate change. These aids will be directed to 2 types of projects: (i) Aid for the installation of electricity generation with renewable sources and (ii) Aid for the construction of facilities that generate thermal energy from renewable sources. The program can be co-financed by European Union funds, such as the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and may be reinforced with other European instruments aimed at promoting economic recovery.
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/prensa/ultimas-noticias/el-idae-destina-24-millones-de-euros-en-la-segunda-tanda-de-convocatorias-para-financiaci%C3%B3n-de-proyectos-renovables-innovadores-en-cinco-comunid/tcm:30-512142 Accessed 29 September 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional First round of calls to finance innovative renewable projects in seven autonomous communities Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 199339207.04846 2020091010/09/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge Government To finance innovative renewable technology projects. 181 million euros 181000000 These calls, agreed with the autonomous communities, will allocate more than 181 million euros to support initiatives in seven regions - Andalusia, Principality of Asturias, Castila-La Mancha, Catalonia, Extremadura, Madrid and Murcia - which are expected to mobilize additional private investment about 551 million, generating local employment; and it will eliminate more than 712,000 tons of CO2 equivalent per year (t eq CO2 / year), contributing to the fight against climate change. The aid is divided into two groups: (i) Aid for the installation of electricity generation with renewable sources and (ii) Aid for the construction of facilities that generate thermal energy from renewable sources. The program will be co-financed by European Union funds, such as the ERDF Fund, and may be reinforced with other European instruments aimed at promoting economic recovery.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transicion-ecologica/Paginas/2020/100920-idae_ayudas.aspx Accessed 29 September 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-spain-energy-renewables/spain-to-offer-215-million-in-renewable-energy-subsidies-idUSKBN2612DX Accessed 29 September 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Update of the Long-term Strategy for Energy Rehabilitation in the building sector in Spain Buildings Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... 2020060606/06/2020 Other Energy efficiency Ministry of Mobility, Transport and Urban Agenda Government To establish a roadmap for the rehabilitation of the built stock, the economically profitable transformation of existing buildings into highly energy efficient buildings and the decarbonization of the sector in 2050. 06/06/2020 The Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda (Mitma) has sent the European Commission the new update of the "Long-term strategy for energy rehabilitation in the building sector in Spain" (ERESEE 2020), as established in article 2.bis of Directive 2010/31 / EU, on the energy efficiency of buildings (as amended by Directive (EU) 2018/844). Spain presented its first Strategy in 2014, carried out the first review in 2017 and now, three years later, as established by the Directive, it is being updated, adapting its content to the new guidelines. The goal for 2050 is to reduce the final energy consumption of the building sector by 36.6% in 2050 compared to current consumption, from the current 304,276 GWh (67% correspond to the residential sector and the remaining 33% to the tertiary sector) to 192,728 GWh in 2050, and that the consumption of energy from fossil sources, which currently stands at around 126,211 GWh (72,448 GWh in the residential sector and 53,763 GWh in the tertiary sector), will be reduced to practically zero in 2050.
https://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/es_ltrs_2020.pdf Accessed 14 September 2020
https://www.mitma.gob.es/el-ministerio/sala-de-prensa/noticias/lun-06072020-1145 Accessed 14 September 2020

https://www.eseficiencia.es/2020/07/08/ce-recibe-actualizacion-estrategia-espanola-rehabilitacion-energetica-eresee-2020 Accessed 14 September 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Compensation for extraordinary expenses in public transport as part of the COVID-19 Fund Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 881057268.72247 2020061616/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government, Real Decreto-ley 22/2020, de 16 de junio Government To finance the additional deficit that public transport has suffered due to the extraordinary measures adopted during the COVID-19 crisis. 16/06/2020 800 million euros 800000000 This aid of 800 million euros seeks to help the Autonomous Communities to finance the extraordinary expenses they have suffered during the period of confinement. This financing is part of the COVID-19 Fund (16,000 million euros) which is the largest transfer of resources from the central government to the CCAA outside the financing system. It is a non-reimbursable fund, that is, the communities will not have to return, nor will it generate more debt or interest. In this way, the central administration assumes the entire cost of this new fund.
https://www.mitma.gob.es/el-ministerio/sala-de-prensa/noticias/mar-16062020-1616 Accessed 1 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/consejodeministros/resumenes/Paginas/2020/160620-cministros.aspx Accessed 1 September 2020
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-6232 Accessed 1 September 2020

https://revistas.eleconomista.es/transporte/2020/julio/el-gobierno-destina-800-millones-al-transporte-publico-por-el-covid-19-IN3825082 Accessed 1 September 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Fund to finance the extraordinary deficit of public transport services of local entities caused by C... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 302863436.12335 2020080404/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government, Real Decreto-ley 27/2020, de 4 de agosto Government To finance the extraordinary deficit generated as a result of the COVID-19 crisis in the field of public transport services managed by local administrations. 04/08/2020 275 million euros 275000000 An extraordinary credit is authorized for local entities so that they can have more financing to be able to face the deficit generated in public transport services during confinement and due to mobility limitations.
https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-2020-9131 Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Paginas/2020/050820-transportes_local.aspx Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Building Energy Rehabilitation Program (PREE) Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 330396475.77093 2020021818/02/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Real Decreto 737/2020, de 4 de agosto Government To make the building stock fully sustainable by mid-century, with a view to improving housing conditions for the most vulnerable households. 04/08/2020 300 million euros 300000000 The Building Energy Rehabilitation Program (PREE), endowed with € 300 million, aims to improve energy efficiency in buildings built before 2007 with measures such as changing the thermal envelope or replacing old boilers with more sustainable ones. The importance of these actions comes from the fact that the energy consumed in homes represents 30% of the final energy consumed in Spain. These aids are co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). The government estimates that this “wave of rehabilitation” will generate, according to PNIEC estimates, some 48,000 net jobs per year between 2021 and 2030.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transicion-ecologica/Paginas/2020/180220-ccaa.aspx Accessed 29 September 2020
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/prensa/ultimas-noticias/el-gobierno-destina-300-millones-de-euros-a-ayudas-para-la-rehabilitaci%C3%B3n-energ%C3%A9tica-de-edificios-/tcm:30-511135 Accessed 29 September 2020
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-9273 Accessed 29 September 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional “SolCan” aids to promote photovoltaic solar energy installations in the Canary Islands Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 22026431.718062 2020042121/04/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Resolution of June 24, 2020 of the Management General of the Institute for the Diversification and Saving of Energy Government To promote photovoltaic solar energy installations in the archipelago of the Canary Islands. 24/06/2020 20 million euros 20000000 The "SolCan" aids for 2020 will allocate € 20 million to promote photovoltaic solar energy installations in the Canary Islands. 15 MW of renewable power is expected to enter the region. This program is co-financed by the ERDF fund.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/consejodeministros/Paginas/enlaces/230620-enlace-canarias.aspx Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2020/07/02/pdfs/BOE-B-2020-19901.pdf Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.miteco.gob.es/es/prensa/ultimas-noticias/el-miteco-destinar%C3%A1-20-millones-de-euros-a-impulsar-instalaciones-solares-fotovoltaicas-en-las-islas-canarias/tcm:30-508773 Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Participation of Spain in the Clean Energy initiative for the Islands of the European Union Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Uncategorized 2020061010/06/2020 Other Several energy stages Spanish government Government Achieve complete decarbonisation of the islands through community building and stakeholder involvement, a decarbonization plan, and viable financial coverage. 10/06/2020 Spain will join the Clean Energy initiative for the Islands of the European Union (EU) that plans to approve the Croatian Presidency of the EU before the end of the month, with the aim of promoting cooperation and supporting the energy transition in the island territories.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transicion-ecologica/Paginas/2020/100620-energia.aspx Accessed 26 August 2020
https://euislands.eu/sites/default/files/users/user13/compromiso_islas.pdf Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Decree to promote the development of renewable energies Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020062323/06/2020 Other Several energy stages Spanish government, Real Decreto-ley 23/2020, de 23 de junio Government Promote the energy transition towards a 100% renewable electricity system and promote economic reactivation in line with the European Green Deal. 23/06/2020 The Decree proposes 4 main lines of action. The first includes the regulation of access and connection and regulates a new auction mechanism to provide renewables with a predictable and stable framework. The second focuses on the promotion of new business models that will be key in the coming years, such as the aggregation of demand, storage and hybridization. Third, the Royal Decree-Law addresses the promotion of energy efficiency by making the National Fund for Energy Efficiency more flexible; and, finally, a series of sectoral measures are established to boost economic activity and employment in response to the COVID-19 crisis.
https://www.boe.es/eli/es/rdl/2020/06/23/23/con Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/consejodeministros/Paginas/enlaces/230620-enlace-renovables.aspx Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/consejodeministros/resumenes/Paginas/2020/230620-cministros.aspx Accessed 26 August 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climate-change-spain-renewables/spain-pushes-clean-energy-decree-to-speed-renewable-rollout-idUSKBN23U1PE Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Clean unconditional Subsidies to support innovative projects that stimulate the integration of renewable energies in ele... Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 270925110.13216 2020080303/08/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Orden TED/765/2020, de 3 de agosto Government To promote the development of innovative projects that comply with the new requirements of the European Directives for the integration of renewable energies in the energy system. 03/08/2020 246 million € 246000000 Call for aid in the form of a subsidy for investments in thermal energy production facilities with renewable energy sources with a value of € 246 million. Two types of aid are established: (i) projects for the production of thermal energy with renewable sources, including facilities for the production of renewable gases, such as, for example, heat pumps or concentrating solar energy systems to provide heat to industrial processes, reducing emissions and improving the competitiveness of the sectors and (ii) electricity generation projects with renewable sources, such as wind or photovoltaic projects with storage or for self-consumption. These calls are co-financed by the the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-9261 Accessed 29 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transicion-ecologica/Paginas/2020/050820-proyectos.aspx Accessed 29 September 2020
Spain National Fossil unconditional Flexibility in the commercialization of fuels Power generation Oil and oil products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020033131/03/2020 Other Other energy stage Spanish government, Real Decreto-ley 11/2020, de 31 de marzo Government To make the commercialization of fuels more flexible in the face of the logistical challenge derived from the declaration of the state of alarm. 01/04/2020 Due to the sharp drop in the demand for fuel after the declaration of the alarm state, a slower rotation of the storage tanks than expected has been caused, thus preventing all the inventories with winter specifications from being consumed. For this reason, it will be allowed that between May 1 and June 30, 2020, gasoline whose vapor pressure and distillate present limits between the minimum summer limit and the winter maximum limit will be allowed to be sold.
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-4208 Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Fossil unconditional Aeronautical Technology Plan (PTA): Agreement with Airbus Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 203744493.39207 2020073030/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government This aid will allow "financing the maintenance and reinforcement of the current capacities of the aeronautical and defence sector in Spain and prepare the next generation of sustainable energy technologies and zero emissions". 30/07/2020 185.000.000 € 185000000 The aeronautics and defence sector has a strategic role in Spain, representing 7.3 of the industrial GDP, with a turnover of € 13,040 million and with more than 150,000 employees. For this reason, the government has provided the sector with € 25 million for 2020, € 40 million for 2021, € 80 million for 2022 and € 40 million for 2023. This budget allocation will be managed by the Spanish Innovation Agency (CDTI) and it will be linked to the EU Recovery Fund. Thus, it seeks to preserve the strategic capacities of the Spanish industry, face the current crisis and its impact on employment and modernize aeronautical technology to make it more sustainable.
https://plataforma-aeroespacial.es/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/300720-Comunicado-Gob-Airbus.pdf Accessed 26 August 2020
https://plataforma-aeroespacial.es/2020/07/31/acuerdo-airbus-gobierno-de-espana-plan-tecnologico-aeronautico/ Accessed 26 August 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-airbus-results/airbus-trims-a350-output-quarterly-loss-worse-than-expected-idUSKCN24V0II Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-airbus-spain/spain-agrees-investment-plan-with-airbus-in-exchange-for-fewer-job-losses-idUSKCN24V39X Accessed 26 August 2020
https://www.europapress.es/turismo/transportes/aerolineas/noticia-gobierno-anuncia-acuerdo-airbus-rescatar-industria-aeroespacial-20200730194712.html Accessed 26 August 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Partial modification of the Ministerial Order of access to the State Highways Network to regulate th... Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020021717/02/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda, Modificación parcial de la Orden de 16 de diciembre de 1997 Government To complement and complete the Order of the Ministry of Development of December 16, 1997, in order to regulate the installation next to state highways of electric recharging points, which are a new type of facilities with special singularities. 29/02/2020 Modification of current legislation in order to regulate the installation of electric recharging points next to state highways, given their novelty and peculiarities such as recharging time. The aim is to promote the deployment by private operators of an electric vehicle charging network that allows progress towards the objective of minimizing the dependence of transport on oil and mitigating the environmental impact of transport. Likewise, the modification will take into account the need to have specific parking spaces for electric vehicles, which users can use during charging, as well as the installation of these infrastructures associated with existing services next to the road, such as restaurants, cafeterias. and hotels.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Paginas/2020/170220-ingenieria.aspx Accessed 25 August 2020
https://www.mitma.gob.es/el-ministerio/sala-de-prensa/noticias/jue-27022020-1341 Accessed 25 August 2020
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-2903 Accessed 25 August 2020

https://cincodias.elpais.com/cincodias/2020/02/27/companias/1582808615_220185.html Accessed 25 August 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Authorization to Renfe-Operadora to arrange credit operations during the 2020 budget year for an amo... Mobility Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 1101321585.9031 2020070707/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government, Real Decreto-ley 26/2020 Government Provide liquidity to companies in the transport sector to face short-term financial shocks related to the coronavirus crisis. 07/07/2020 1.000.000.000 € 1000000000 RENFE is Spain's major public railway network operator. For this reason, it has been decided that its borrowing capacity may be increased to 1 billion euros, so that it can compensate for the decline in the use of this service during the Covid-19 crisis as part of the aid to the transport sector that the government has launched. According to RENFE, 80% of its energy needs are covered by renewable sources. The company considers introducing hydrogen and LNG-based energy to substitute diesel fuels in its energy mix.
https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-7432 Accessed 31 August 2020
https://www.mitma.gob.es/el-ministerio/sala-de-prensa/noticias/mie-08072020-0936 Accessed 31 August 2020

https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2020-7432 Accessed 31 August 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobilit... Mobility Multiple renewable Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020061515/06/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government Tax incentives as complementary levers to investment measures and regulations to promote electric and sustainable mobility. 15/06/2020 This is the fourth measure of the Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobility. The main goal is to support electric and sustainable mobility by putting these 3 measures into force: Increase in the deduction for technological innovation in the automotive field, Flexibility of tax amortization in investments made in the value chain of electric, sustainable or connected mobility and Comprehensive reform of taxation on vehicles in coordination with the Territorial Administrations (Registration Tax and Circulation Tax).
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/150620-sanchez-automocion.aspx Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Documents/2020/15062020_PlanAutomocion2.pdf Accessed 3 September 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/spain-underpins-car-sector-bailout-with-green-goals/ Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-spain-autos-factbo/factbox-spains-4-2-billion-aid-plan-to-support-the-auto-industry-idUSKBN23M2EZ Accessed 3 September 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobilit... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 457048458.14978 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government Generate competitiveness and new products and business models, allowing challenges to be faced from new perspectives or providing more flexibility to the sector. 15/06/2020 415.000.000 € 415000000 This is the third measure of the Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobility. The continuity and competitiveness of the automotive industry in Spain depends to a great extent on its ability to innovate, to position itself appropriately in the face of new challenges. For this reason, the following measures have been approved: Industrial innovation in renewable hydrogen: sustainable mobility (€ 250,000), Unique projects of industrial innovation in sustainable mobility (MOVES singular) (€ 30,000,000), Improvement of connectivity and support of the provision of very high-speed connections (€ 260,000,000) and Public Purchase of innovation for mobility infrastructures (€ 1,000,000,000).
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/150620-sanchez-automocion.aspx Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Documents/2020/15062020_PlanAutomocion2.pdf Accessed 3 September 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/spain-underpins-car-sector-bailout-with-green-goals/ Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-spain-autos-factbo/factbox-spains-4-2-billion-aid-plan-to-support-the-auto-industry-idUSKBN23M2EZ Accessed 3 September 2020
Spain National Fossil conditional Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobilit... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2962555066.0793 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government Attract and mobilize the necessary investments to adapt and orient the industry towards new market demands and sustainability objectives, the award of the manufacture of new electric or hydrogen models and the development of new business models, so that the creation of employment is sustainable over time and resilient to future challenges. 15/06/2020 2.690.000.000 € 2690000000 This is the second measure of the Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobility. It seeks to create a framework to support the sector, in addition to improving logistics with the aim of strengthening competitiveness, for which the following measures are developed: Temporary flexibility of the Reindus loan line (€ 390,000,000), ICO Line for professional use vehicles: guarantees for the financing of commercial and industrial vehicles (€ 500,000,000), Optimization of the Reindus loan program (€ 1,800,000,000) and Improvement of competitiveness in transport logistics.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/150620-sanchez-automocion.aspx Accessed 30 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Documents/2020/15062020_PlanAutomocion2.pdf Accessed 30 September 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/spain-underpins-car-sector-bailout-with-green-goals/ Accessed 30 September 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-spain-autos-factbo/factbox-spains-4-2-billion-aid-plan-to-support-the-auto-industry-idUSKBN23M2EZ Accessed 30 September 2020
Spain National Clean conditional Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobilit... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 605726872.2467 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government Accelerate the reduction of emissions in the Spanish car fleet, facilitate the replacement of old and polluting vehicles with cleaner vehicles and boost the competitiveness of companies and the self-employed based on the fuel savings that the renewal of their fleet implies. 15/06/2020 550.000.000 € 550000000 This is the first measure of the Plan to Promote the Value Chain of the Automotive Industry towards Sustainable and Connected Mobility. There is a great need to renew the Spanish vehicle fleet since it has an average age of 12.7 years, while the market for vehicles older than 20 years has grown by 18% in recent years. For this reason, 6 measures are promoted: Program to promote electric and sustainable mobility (MOVES Plan) (€ 100,000,000), Park renewal program (€ 250,000,000), Renewal of the vehicle fleet of the General State Administration with vehicles without emissions (€ 100,000,000), Enabling partial use of the surplus of Local Authorities for the efficient renewal of fleets (€ 100,000,000), Updating of DGT environmental labels and Vehicle recharging infrastructure deployment plan. In summary, these measures seek to promote the replacement of more polluting vehicles with other electric, hybrid or zero-emissions.
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/presidente/actividades/Paginas/2020/150620-sanchez-automocion.aspx Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/transportes/Documents/2020/15062020_PlanAutomocion2.pdf Accessed 3 September 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/transport/news/spain-underpins-car-sector-bailout-with-green-goals/ Accessed 3 September 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-spain-autos-factbo/factbox-spains-4-2-billion-aid-plan-to-support-the-auto-industry-idUSKBN23M2EZ Accessed 3 September 2020
Spain National Fossil unconditional IAG (Iberia, Vueling) airlines support Mobility Oil and oil products Loan (Hybrid) 1112334801.7621 2020042828/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Spanish government Government To mitigate the COVID-19 economic impact on hardly hit airlines 1.010.000.000 € 1010000000 Iberia and Vueling are part of IAG group. They have entered into syndicated financing agreements with the banks for which they request the endorsement of the ICO (Official Credit Institute), for the following amounts: EUR 750 million for Iberia & EUR 260 million for Vueling, 5-year loans.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-iag-debt/iags-spanish-airlines-secure-1-1-billion-of-state-backed-loans-idUSKBN22D56D Accessed 31 August 2020