United States

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, United States has committed at least USD 99.72 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 72.35 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 14 policies (5 quantified and 9 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 459.50 million for unconditional clean energy through 4 policies (3 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 26.91 billion for conditional clean energy through 5 policies (5 quantified)
  • Some public money committed for other energy (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
Updated: 12 August 2020


At least

$72.35 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$220.43

Per capita



At least

$27.37 billion

Supporting clean energy

$83.38

Per capita

By energy type, United States committed at least USD 68.67 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 68.67 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, United States committed at least USD 122.00 million to coal (at least USD 122.00 million to unconditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, United States committed at least USD 3.56 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 3.56 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of United States through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 12 August 2020