United States

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, United States has committed at least USD 99.72 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 72.35 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 14 policies (5 quantified and 9 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 459.50 million for unconditional clean energy through 4 policies (3 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 26.81 billion for conditional clean energy through 4 policies (4 quantified)
  • At least USD 100.00 million for other energy through 2 policies (1 quantified and 1 unquantified)
Updated: 21 October 2020


At least

$72.35 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$220.43

Per capita



At least

$27.27 billion

Supporting clean energy

$83.08

Per capita

By energy type, United States committed at least USD 68.67 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 68.67 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, United States committed at least USD 122.00 million to coal (at least USD 122.00 million to unconditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, United States committed at least USD 3.56 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 3.56 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of United States through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 21 October 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
United States National Fossil unconditional Department of Energy support for Natural Gas Pipeline Retrofitting Projects Resources Gas and gas products Budget or off-budget transfer ... Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Department of Energy Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy Government Repair of legacy natural gas pipelines using new technologies. 33,000,000 $33 million in funding for 10 projects as part of the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy’s (ARPA-E) Rapid Encapsulation of Pipelines Avoiding Intensive Replacement (REPAIR) program. REPAIR teams will develop natural gas transmission pipeline retrofitting technology to rehabilitate existing cast iron and bare steel pipes by creating new, robust pipes inside of old ones.
https://www.energy.gov/articles/department-energy-announces-33-million-natural-gas-pipeline-retrofitting-projects Accessed 8 August 2020 Accessed 11 August 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Extension of LNG export term to 50 years Resources Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Department of Energy, Policy for Extending Natural Gas Export Authorizations to 2050 Government
https://www.energy.gov/articles/trump-administration-releases-policy-extending-lng-export-term-2050 Accessed 3 August 2020
United States National Clean unconditional Paycheck Protection Program support to renewable energy & clean industries Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Loan (Hybrid) 249500000 2020032727/03/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages "Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act" Government COVID-19 relief. 27/03/2020 $249,500,000 249500000 249500010 249500010 This figure includes clean energy industries benefitting from the Paycheck Protection Program, using the lowest end of the range of payments disclosed to produce a conservative estimate. NAICS codes included in this figure are as follows: 485210, 485111, 485119, 336510, 485113, 485112, 221114, 221111, 221115, 221116, 221117.
https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/cares-act/assistance-for-small-businesses/sba-paycheck-protection-program-loan-level-data Accessed 3 August 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Paycheck Protection Program support to fossil fuel & carbon-intensive industries Multiple sectors Multiple fossil Loan (Hybrid) 3564950000 2020032727/03/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages "Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act" Government COVID-19 relief 27/03/2020 $3,564,950,000 3564950000 3564949999 3564949999 This figure includes fossil fuel and carbon-intensive industries benefitting from the Paycheck Protection Program, using the lowest end of the range of payments disclosed to produce a conservative estimate. NAICS codes included in this figure are as follows: 237120, 324110,324191,324199,325194,333132,423520, 424710, 424720, 21111, 211120, 211130, 212111,212112, 213111, 213112, 213113, 221112, 221210, 336111, 336411.
https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/cares-act/assistance-for-small-businesses/sba-paycheck-protection-program-loan-level-data Accessed 3 August 2020
United States Pennsylvania Fossil unconditional Tax credit for natural gas manufacturing (petrochemical) facilities Resources Gas and gas products Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 667000000 2020072323/07/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation General Assembly of Pennsylvania, House Bill 732 Session of 2019 Government 23/07/2020 USD 667,000,000 667000000
https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/billInfo/billInfo.cfm?sYear=2019&sInd=0&body=H&type=B&bn=732 Accessed 27 July 2020
United States New York Clean unconditional Investments to support offshore wind development Power generation Wind Budget or off-budget transfer ... 200000000 Fiscal Electricity generation NYSERDA, with the assistance of NY Green Bank, Empire State Development and the New York State Department of Transportation Government Climate change USD 200,000,000 200000000
https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-announces-largest-combined-solicitations-renewable-energy-ever-issued-us-combat Accessed 27 July 2020
United States New York Clean conditional Department of Environmental Conservation funding for public transit and EV infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 48800000 2020071616/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) New York Department of Environmental Conservation Government USD 48,800,000 48800000
https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-announces-nation-leading-initiatives-expand-electric-vehicle-use-combat-climate Accessed 21 July 2020
United States New York Clean conditional EV Make Ready program funding Mobility Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 740999994 2020071616/07/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Government USD $741,000,000 740999994
https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-announces-nation-leading-initiatives-expand-electric-vehicle-use-combat-climate Accessed 21 July 2020
United States National Clean conditional CARES Act support for Amtrak rail services Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1020000000 2020032727/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act Government 27/03/2020 USD 1,020,000,000 1020000000
https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/748/text Accessed 15 July 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional CARES Act support for airports (separate from support for airlines) Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 10000000001 2020032727/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) CARES Act support for airports (separate from support for airlines) Government 27/03/2020 USD 10,000,000,000 10000000001 Note that this is support for airports, separate to the CARES Act support for airlines.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200717011036/
https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/748/text Accessed 15 July 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Department of Energy intends to launch competitive process to secure 122 million USD for coal produc... Multiple sectors Coal Budget or off-budget transfer ... 122000000 2020062626/06/2020 Fiscal Other energy stage Department of Energy Government To sustain domestic coal production and to develop novel uses of coal that have the potential to create new markets for coal and coal byproducts 26/06/2020 122000000 122000000 The Department of Energy announced a USD 122 million competition for bids to set up “coal innovation centers” throughout the country that aim to develop “value-added, carbon-based products from coal, as well developing new methods to extract and process rare earth elements and critical minerals.” The competition launched on June 26, 2020, with a post-election deadline of Nov. 9, 2020.
https://www.energy.gov/articles/doe-announces-intent-provide-122m-establish-coal-products-innovation-centers Accessed 6 July 2020

https://www.drillednews.com/post/the-climate-covid-19-policy-tracker Accessed 6 July 2020
United States National Other energy Department of Agriculture provides financial support for biofuels infrastructure Other sector Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 100000000 2020050404/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation US Department of Agriculture Government 04/05/2020 100000000 100000000 usda.gov/media/press-releases/2020/05/04/usda-announces-100-million-american-biofuels-infrastructure Accessed 6 July 2020
United States National Clean conditional Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act increases financial support for public tr... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 25000000000 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act Government 27/03/2020 27/03/2020 25000000000 25000000000
https://www.transit.dot.gov/cares-act Accessed 6 July 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Navigable Waters Protection Rule rollback Other sector Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020042121/04/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) EPA Government 22/06/2020
https://www.epa.gov/nwpr/final-rule-navigable-waters-protection-rule Accessed 20 June 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Waiver of reporting requirements for fossil fuel electricity generators under the Cross-State Air Po... Power generation Multiple fossil Regulatory rollback or non-gov... Other Electricity generation EPA Government 22/04/2020
https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/04/22/2020-08581/continuous-emission-monitoring-quality-assurance-requirements-during-the-covid-19-national-emergency Accessed 18 June 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Clean Water Act rulemaking limiting the power of states to oppose oil and gas pipelines and other en... Resources Multiple fossil Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020060101/06/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation EPA Government 01/06/2020
https://www.epa.gov/cwa-401/final-rule-clean-water-act-section-401-certification-rule Accessed 18 June 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Executive order waiving environmental reviews of infrastructure projects Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... Fiscal Several energy stages Government 04/06/2020 04/06/2020 Waiver of federal environmental impact assessments for infrastructure projects, including but not limited to major roads and highways, oil and gas pipelines, etc.
https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/eo-accelerating-nations-economic-recovery-covid-19-emergency-expediting-infrastructure-investments-activities/ Accessed 19 June 2020

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/04/climate/trump-environment-coronavirus.html?campaign_id=54&emc=edit_clim_20200617&instance_id=19473&nl=climate-fwd%3A®i_id=110966986&segment_id=31148&te=1&user_id=7f730de8af0f35996529945e28b1c638 Accessed 19 June 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Department of Interior offers waivers or reductions in royalty rates and rental payments for oil and... Resources Oil and gas Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020061010/06/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Department of Interior Government
https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/06/10/business/bc-us-oil-and-gas-royalty-cuts.html Accessed 18 June 2020
https://westernpriorities.org/tracker-trump-administration-oil-and-gas-handouts-during-global-pandemic/ Accessed 18 June 2020
United States National Fossil conditional Department of Treasury issues rules that further specify how the 45Q tax credit will be rebated to s... Other sector Multiple fossil Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... Fiscal Reduced environmental damage Credit for Carbon Oxide Sequestration/IRS Government Incentivize carbon capture and storage
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-energy-carboncapture/u-s-treasury-unveils-rules-for-carbon-capture-tax-credits-idUSKBN2352S6 Accessed 28 May 2020
United States National Clean unconditional Department of Treasury extends deadline for solar investment tax credit (ITC) and wind production ta... Power generation Multiple renewable Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020052727/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Notice 2021-41 Government Ensure that the deadlines for wind/PV incentives are extended because of issues in RE supply chains and development during COVID-19 shutdown. 30% ITC for PV / 2.5 cents per kWh PTC for wind.
https://news.bloombergtax.com/daily-tax-report/u-s-treasury-extends-deadlines-for-renewable-energy-projects Accessed 27 May 2020
https://www.renewableenergyworld.com/2020/05/28/extension-granted-us-treasury-extends-safe-harbor-timeframe-for-renewable-tax-credits/#gref Accessed 27 May 2020
United States California Clean unconditional California Energy Commission awards 10 million USD to advance geothermal projects and lithium batter... Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 10000000 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution California Energy Commission Government 10 million USD 10000000 California Energy Commission (SEC) - Electric Program Invest Charge: California is looking to expand methods of extracting/producing lithium locally for battery, primarily in California.
https://www.energy.ca.gov/news/2020-05/geothermal-lithium-recovery-projects-get-boost-california-energy-commission Accessed 13 May 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional Department of Treasury to use Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act to provide ... Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 58000000000 2020032727/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) The Department of Treasury Government 27/03/2020 58000000000 USD 58000000000 The package is part of the $2 trillion CARES package. Airline companies have lobbied the Congress for aid through Airlines for America lobbying organization. Aid measures for airline and cargo industry include: - $25 billion in loans and loan guarantees for passenger airlines and $4 billion for cargo air carriers - $25 billion in grants to pay workers for passenger airlines, $4 billion for cargo air carriers Airlines receiving loans will be prohibited from firing and furloughing workers, buying back their own shares for a year after the loan is paid off, and paying dividents while receiving aid. The government will take an equity interest in airlines until the loan is paid off.
https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/treasury-implementing-cares-act-programs-for-aviation-and-national-security-industries Accessed 18 May 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional The Commodity Futures Trading Commission issues waiver for Capital One to relax regulatory requireme... Resources Oil and gas Regulatory rollback or non-gov... Other Other energy stage The Commodity Futures Trading Commission Government Mitigate covid-19 crisis impact The Commodity Futures Trading Commission issued a waiver for Capital One to relax regulatory requirements related to commodities swaps with oil and gas companies, after their exposure exceeded a key regulatory threshold.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-capitalone-cftc-ex/exclusive-capital-one-got-cftc-waiver-after-oil-price-plunge-increased-swap-exposure-sources-idUSKBN21D1BC Accessed 5 May 2020
United States National Fossil unconditional The Federal Reserve loosened rules on its Main Street Lending Program Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Loan (Hybrid) 2020043030/04/2020 Fiscal Other energy stage The Federal Reserve Government Mitigate covid-19 crisis impact 30/04/2020 Eligibility requirements for the loan program were loosened, with the changes described by the Federal Reserve here: https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200430a.htm
https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200430a.htm Accessed 5 May 2020

https://www.worldoil.com/news/2020/5/1/more-oil-companies-qualify-for-federal-reserve-loans-after-rules-change Accessed 5 May 2020
United States National Other energy The Environmental Protection Agency suspends payment of penalties in environmental regulations Multiple sectors Multiple fossil Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020032626/03/2020 Other Several energy stages EPA Government Mitigate impact of covid-19 crisis 14/04/2020 To “mitigate the financial impact of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic”, on April 14, the EPA has suspended the collection of penalties payments until June 1.
https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2020-03/documents/oecamemooncovid19implications.pdf Accessed 27 May 2020

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/may/27/epa-corporation-environmental-fines-decision Accessed 27 May 2020