Select countries in Africa

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, governments in Select countries in Africa have committed at least USD 1.12 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 637.41 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 8 policies (1 quantified and 7 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (16 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 365.63 million for unconditional clean energy through 29 policies (7 quantified and 22 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (13 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 113.92 million for other energy through 13 policies (1 quantified and 12 unquantified)

By energy type, Select countries in Africa committed at least USD 637.41 million to oil and gas (at least USD 637.41 million to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Select countries in Africa through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Updated: 10 August 2022


At least

$637.41 million

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$10.88

Per capita



At least

$365.63 million

Supporting clean energy

$6.24

Per capita

Select countries in Africa

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, governments in Select countries in Africa have committed at least USD 1.12 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 637.41 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 8 policies (1 quantified and 7 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (16 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 365.63 million for unconditional clean energy through 29 policies (7 quantified and 22 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (13 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 113.92 million for other energy through 13 policies (1 quantified and 12 unquantified)

By energy type, Select countries in Africa committed at least USD 637.41 million to oil and gas (at least USD 637.41 million to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Select countries in Africa through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

$ %

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in Select countries in Africa recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 10 August 2022

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Nigeria National Fossil conditional End to Fossil Fuel Subsidies Power generation Oil and gas Fossil fuel subsidy reform 2020040606/04/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government NNPC is a state-owned oil company. Fuel prices are regulated in Nigeria; they are kept low (subsidized) to help consumers. The government has tried to remove fuel subsidies for the last two decades; the 2012 attempt ended in protests and riots against the then-serving President. It is still unclear whether the subsidy reform is permanent.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-05-09/oil-crash-spurs-nigeria-to-end-fuel-subsidies-risk-backlash
Nigeria National Clean unconditional Solar Power Naija Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 358974358.97436 2020030101/03/2020 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Rural Electrification Agency (REA) Government Support the Economic sustainability plan, to create solar home systems and mini-grids to increase local revenues and create jobs 24/06/2020 140000000000 As part of the NGN23 trillion plan ($5.9 billion), Solar Power Strategy is intended to support 250,000 jobs and impact up to 25 million beneficiaries through the installation of 5 million Solar Home systems and mini-grids. Provision of reliable electricity to health clinics will also be included as a priority. Exact financing mechanism is not specified, estimated costs are NGN 140 billion.

https://rea.gov.ng/solar-power-naija/

https://www.seforall.org/policy-and-regulatory-frameworks/project-nigerian-solar-value-chain
Nigeria National Clean unconditional Mass Rural Electrification Programme Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2021081414/08/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Rural Electrification Agency (REA); "Energy for All - Mass Rural Electrification Programme" Government The objective of this programme is to provide electricity to 200 health care facilities and 104 unity schools using solar energy 14/08/2021 This programme will be implemented by the Nigeria Rural Electrification Agency (REA), the program will improve energy access, create jobs for citizens, as well as help the federal government to attain 30 percent of renewable energy contributing to the power sources by 2030. It will financed by the Federal Government through budgetary allocation

https://constructionreviewonline.com/news/nigeria/nigeria-to-electrify-304-health-care-facilities-and-schools-with-renewable-energy/
Nigeria National Clean unconditional Covid-19 & Beyond Initiative Power generation Solar Uncategorized 200000 2020033030/03/2020 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution REA, World Bank Government The objective of this initiative is to provide sustainable and clean energy power while ensuring the use of retrofitted electrical appliances to minimize power consumption in 100 isolation centers and 400 healthcare centres 78000000 This initiative is intended to provide adequate power supply for equipment and ensure steady water supply to selected Covid-19 facilities. It will be implemented by the Nigeria Rural Electrification Agency (REA) under the World Bank funded Nigeria Electrification Programme Solar Hybrid Mini Grid Component

https://nep.rea.gov.ng/covid19-initiative/
Nigeria National Clean unconditional Covid-19 Solar Relief Fund Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 461538.46153846 2020033131/03/2020 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution All On Other The objective is to provide energy to selected healthcare facilities in the country that will help to contain Covid-19 180000000 Nigerian off-grid energy impact investing company, All On, in conjunction with four other companies intends to provide solar power for emergency health centers in support of the response to fighting the COVID-19 pandemic

https://www.all-on.com/media/media-releases/all-on-announces-n180-million-covid-19-solar-relief-fund.html
Nigeria National Clean unconditional Solar Intervention Fund Power generation Solar Loan (Hybrid) 1282051.2820513 2020091515/09/2020 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Central Bank of Nigeria Central bank It aims to expand energy access to 25 million individuals (five million new connections) through the provision of solar home systems or connection to a mini grid. It will also increase local content in the off-grid solar value chain and facilitate the growth of the local manufacturing industry; as well as incentivise the creation of 250,000 new jobs in the energy sector 15/09/2020 500000000 The central bank has introduced the solar connection intervention facility to complement the Federal Government’s effort of providing affordable electricity to rural dwellers through the provision of long-term low-interest credit facilities to the Nigeria Electrification Project pre-qualified home solar value chain players that include manufacturers and assemblers of solar components and off-grid energy retailers in the country

https://www.nipc.gov.ng/2020/09/15/cbn-unveils-solar-intervention-fund-fixes-n500m-maximum-limit/#
Kenya National Other energy Kenya receives $750 million boost for COVID-19 recovery efforts Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021061010/06/2021 Electricity generation Public finance institution The objective of this policy is to reinforce Kenya's resilient, inclusive, and green economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The policy operation prioritizes reforms in hard hit sectors including healthcare, education, and energy, which have been made urgent by the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis. The priority on the energy sector includes improving electricity access and ensure that Kenyans benefit from least-cost, clean energy sources. Uncertain how much is allocated to energy.

https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2021/06/10/kenya-receives-750-million-boost-for-covid-19-recovery-efforts
Kenya National Clean unconditional Renewable Energy Auctions Policy Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2021010101/01/2021 Electricity generation Government The primary objective of the policy is to procure RE capacity at competitive prices and aligned to the Least Cost Power Development Plan. The Energy Sector has identified a number of areas that can benefit from localized generation that would provide voltage support, improve power quality, and stimulate demand growth. 01/01/2021 REAP outlines the approach to renewable energy procurement in Kenya based on competitive auctions. This is to apply to all solar and wind power projects and other RE projects large than 20MW. All approved solar and wind expression of interests granted under the old FIT policy will be transitioned to the REAP framework. The Energy sector has identified a number of areas which could benefit from localized generation that would provide voltage support, improve power quality and stimulate demand growth

https://communications.bowmanslaw.com/REACTION/emsdocuments/Renewable%20energy%20auction%20Policy.pdf
Kenya National Clean conditional Feed-in-Tariffs Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2021010101/01/2021 Electricity generation Government The objectives of the FIT policy include the facilitation of resource mobilization by providing investment security and market stability for investors in electricity generation from renewable energy sources; reduce transaction and administrative costs and delays associated with the conventional procurement processes; encourage private investors to operate their power plants prudently and efficiently; encourage local investors to participate in power generation The Feed-in-Tariff policy is an instrument for promoting generation of electricity from renewable energy sources. It allows power producers to sell renewable energy generated electricity to an off-taker at a pre-determined tariff for a given period of time.

https://communications.bowmanslaw.com/REACTION/emsdocuments/fitPolicy.pdf
Kenya National Clean unconditional Least Cost Development Plan Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2021040101/04/2021 Electricity generation Government The objectives of the LCPD policy is to provide a 10 year plan for the least cost power generation expansion plan for post COVID-19 development support program. The Least Cost Power Generation Expansion Plan was prepared for the period of 2021-2030 that is derived from a longer term LCPDP for 2020-2040. This was a part of the National Government undertakings for post COVID-19 development support program and the attendant engagements with Development Partners. The update was found necessary to make long term planning assumptions more predictable given the certainty for the next ten years.

https://communications.bowmanslaw.com/REACTION/emsdocuments/LCPD%202021.pdf
Kenya National Clean conditional Kenya to add 80 MW of solar power to national grid in 2021 Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020121111/12/2020 Electricity generation Other The objective of this project is to increase the solar power by 80 MW to the national electricity grid in 2021. Private investors have received approval to build two solar electric plants at 40 MW each that will be operational in 2021. The new regulatory framework will promote technology transfer by ensuring that all solar projects undertaken by foreign firms have a minimum local content.

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-12/11/c_139582726.htm
Kenya National Clean unconditional $1M commitment to electrify communities in rural Kenya Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 9259.2592592593 2021060202/06/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Other The objective of this project is to increase energy through developing and operating solar minigrids in the communities of Lomekwi, Nakukulas, Locheremoit, Kagintan, Kori, and Lonrengelup by the end of 2021. This will provide clean, reliable, and affordable energy to more than 7,500 individuals and multiple small and medium businesses, laying the foundation for improved livelihoods and economic growth. 1000000 Social investment managers and advisors LLC (SIMA) and Renewvia energy corporation have announced a partnership to electrify rural communities in Kenya underserved by conventional utilities. Financing solar mini grids which will provide clean, reliable, and affordable energy to more than 7500 individuals and multiple small and medium businesses.

https://www.privateequitywire.co.uk/2021/06/02/301252/renewvia-energy-receives-usd1m-commitment-sima-fund-electrify-communities-rural
Kenya National Clean unconditional Kenya: Infraco Africa and RVE.SOL join forces for 22 solar mini-grids in Busia County Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 74074.074074074 2021070707/07/2021 Electricity generation Other The objective of this project is to electrify multiple villages in Busia County in western Kenya with the installation of solar mini-grid systems. 8000000 The project works to electrify 22 villages resulting in 7,000 connections in rural Busia County. This is being funded through RVE.SOL (Kudura) and infraCO.

https://www.afrik21.africa/en/kenya-infraco-africa-and-rve-sol-join-forces-for-22-solar-mini-grids-in-busia-county/
Kenya National Clean unconditional Kenya launches tend to add solar to 22 diesel mini grids Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2021020404/02/2021 Electricity generation Government The objective of this project is to add solar and wind power generators to 23 existing diesel mini-grids across Kenya. Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) has issued a tender to add solar and wind power to existing diesel mini-grids. Of the 23 mini-grids, which have the capacity ranging from 50-2,320 kva, only one will add wind power while the others will add PV installations.

https://www.pv-magazine.com/2021/02/04/kenya-launches-tender-to-add-solar-to-22-diesel-mini-grids/
Kenya National Clean unconditional World Bank offers $4.6m credit for off-grid solar panels and cook stoves in Kenya Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4629629.6296296 2020102727/10/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Public finance institution The objective is to enable distributors to stock up and establish sales networks as well as offering affordable repayment terms to customers across 14 off-grid counties in the East African nation. 500000000 With the Kenya Off-grid Solar Access Program (KOSAP) aims to bring solar power to 250,000 off-grid Kenyan households and businesses by 2023 with a KES4.7 billion finance package, the initial KES500 million will be offered to private solar home system and clean cooking stove suppliers to enable them to buy stock and set up distribution networks in the 14 Kenyan counties targeted by the KOSAP scheme.

https://www.pv-magazine.com/2020/10/27/world-bank-offers-4-6m-credit-for-off-grid-solar-panels-and-cook-stoves-in-kenya/
Kenya National Clean unconditional Cancellation of all power purchase agreements with Kenya Power Power generation Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2021092929/09/2021 Several energy stages President Government Kenyatta's office said as a result of some of these actions, it was expected that power tariffs were expected to drop 33% in the next four months. Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has ordered the cancellation of all ongoing and incomplete power purchase agreements being negotiated with the state distributor Kenya Power. Kenyatta said that future power purchase agreements with the government will have to be in line with its Least Cost Power Development Plan, which emphasizes the use of renewable energy sources. He has set a timeline of completion by end of December 2021.

https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/kenya-cancels-power-purchase-negotiations-replaces-energy-minister-2021-09-29/

https://www.africa-energy.com/article/kenya-kenyatta-presses-renegotiation-power-deals
Egypt Clean conditional Start production of electric cars (E70) locally via El-Nasr automotive Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020060101/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public buissness sector" Other Localizing car manufacturing in Egypt and increasing the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars Introduction of locally manufactured electric cars
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al Ain Salem A. (2020, November 21). Full details of the government's plan to manufacture electric cars at Al-Nasr Motors Company. Youm 7.
Kenya National Clean unconditional Restructuring of Kenya Power with plans to cut costs by 30% Power generation Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2021100303/10/2021 Several energy stages Internal taskforce Government The objective of this project is to make Kenya Power more efficient and give the national government more oversight in this endeavor. The Government has declared Kenya Power a “special government project” as it takes a more hands-on approach in the affairs of the power distributor. Interior Cabinet Secretary Fred Matiang’i yesterday announced that the government had initiated a restructuring process at the troubled electricity distributor with plans to cut power costs by 30 per cent by December. Matiang’i said an inter-ministerial team had been set up to “audit KPLC and oversight urgent reforms in the company”. This will mean the government will increasingly play a bigger role in over-sighting the company in which it has a 50.1 per cent stake and is a critical player in the running of the economy being the sole power distributor. He also announced a planned forensic audit of Kenya Power’s systems that will be spearheaded by the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI). The audit is expected to reveal the extent of the rot in the country’s electricity sector and might claim officials, current and former, within the company as well as the industry who may have had a hand in bringing down the firm.

https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/national/article/2001425586/government-takes-charge-of-kenya-power-as-it-starts-reforms

https://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/2021/10/kenya-power-set-for-major-overhaul-to-cut-power-costs/
Kenya Clean conditional Indicative Feed-In-Tariffs for small hydro biomass and biogas technologies under the feed in tariff ... Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2021010101/01/2021 Electricity generation EPRA Government 01/01/2021 Published by the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority

https://communications.bowmanslaw.com/REACTION/emsdocuments/fitPolicy.pdf
Kenya Clean unconditional Benchmark tariffs for solar, wind, small hydro, biomass and biogas technologies under the Renewable ... Power generation Multiple renewable Uncategorized 2021112323/11/2021 Electricity generation EPRA Government 23/11/2021 Published by the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority

http://kenyalaw.org/kenya_gazette/gazette/volume/MjUxNw--/Vol.CXXIII-No.238/
Egypt National Clean conditional A national strategy for production of electric cars and its chargers is being developed Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021020101/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public business sector" Government Localizing car manufatcturing in Egypt and increase the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars The draft is submitted to the parliament by the ministry of industry
(GASREG, 2020). Ministry of Industry: We aim to convert diesel vehicles to operate with natural gas. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 4 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%A9-.pdf
Egypt Clean conditional Introducing of manufacturing of electric cars and electric charging stations in state owned automoti... Mobility Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of industry - Ministry of public business sector" Government Localizing car manufatcturing in Egypt and increase the percentage of domestic input in manufactured cars Production of electric cars and electric charging stations are introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021
Egypt National Clean conditional Discontinue importation of used electric cars. Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2021050101/05/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Industry Government 01/05/2021 Only importing of new electric cars is allowed canceling previous decree which allowed importing of used cars produced up to three years.
Ministry of industry decree 199/2021
Egypt Clean conditional Give monetary incentives to buyers of newly manufactured electric cars (E70) Mobility Multiple energy types Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2021050101/05/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of public business sector Other A subsidy of 50,000 EGP will be deducted from the cost of the E70 car for the first phase of production of the car
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al Ain. Ezz-Eldein, M. (2021, May 23). All you need to know about the Egyptian electric car. El-Watan News. Retrieved from
https://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/5500273?t=push
Egypt National Clean conditional Change the tariff of charging electric cars Mobility Multiple energy types Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2021070101/07/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Egyptian Electricity Utility and Consumer Regulatory Agency Government The tariff of selling electricity to electric car charging stations is 121 piasters/kWh (unchanged). The charging tariff for electric cars decreased from 169 (stations exempted from land use fees)/189 (stations pay land use fees) to 47.5 piasters/kWh for medium-speed stations with a capacity of 22 kilowatts in July 2021. The charging tariff for high-speed stations with a capacity of 50 kilowatts decreased from 375 to 275 piasters per kilowatt-hour
Ali, M. (2021, August 22). Has Egypt abandoned the dream of the electric car? The government reveals the truth. Al-Ain. Enterprise, The state of the nation (2020, September 24). Price and operation of EV charging network spelt out in regulations now before cabinet. Enterprise, The state of the nation. Retrieved from
https://enterprise.press/stories/2020/09/24/price-and-operation-of-ev-charging-network-spelled-out-in-regulations-now-before-cabinet-22377/)
Egypt Other energy Introducing of manufacturing of H2 cars in state owned automotive companies Mobility Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of public business sector Other Production of H2 cars is introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021
Egypt Fossil conditional Introducing of manufacturing of CNG cars and convert vehicles to CNG in state owned automotive compa... Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021040101/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of military production - Ministry of public business sector Other Conversion of diesel/gasoline vehicles to CNG is introduced to the activities of the Egyptian Tank Production plant; Production of CNG cars is introduced to the activities of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co
"Managing Committee of the Egyptian Tank Production plant decree 27/10/2020; General assembly of the Engineering Automotive Manufacturing Co decrees dated 21/4/2021"
Egypt Fossil conditional Egyptian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency starts a project for converting vehi... Mobility Gas and gas products Loan (Hybrid) 2020092424/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Egyptian Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Agency (MSMEDA) - Ministry of petroleum Government Conversion of cars and transporting vehicles to CNG to increase the profit of cars' owners and improve the environment 24/09/2020 Incentives are instalments of the total cost for 5 years with no interest
(GASREG, 2020). MSMEDA offers incentives for converting cars to NG without monetary burdens with instalments for 5 years. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 16 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/16th-Edition.pdf
https://www.msme.eg/ar/Pages/Projects/ProjectInfo.aspx?ProjectId=11
Egypt National Fossil conditional Boosting CNG as a sustainable fuel for vehicles Mobility Gas and gas products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2021020101/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Finance Government 1- Raise the standard of living of the citizen; 2- Increase income of citizens; 3- Create new job opportunities; 4- The emergence of the state with a civilized appearance; and 5- The revitalization and settlement of the automobile industry in Egypt and its feeding industries 01/10/2021 A renewed initiative was launched in 2021 for replacing old vehicles (above 20 years) with CNG vehicles. The initiative gives a monetary incentive (green incentive) for the participants. The incentive value was agreed upon by the prime minister. The incentive value is 10% of the value of the new car (a maximum of 22 thousand EGP) for private cars, 20% of the value of the new car (a maximum of 45 thousand EGP) for taxis, and 25% of the value of the new shuttle (a maximum of 65 thousand EGP) for shuttles. Additional incentives are the low-interest rate (3% for 6 or 7 years), 50% discount on car insurance, free accident insurance (100 thousand EGP for death or complete disability), 50% discount on health insurance, and low car costs.; 51 thousand cars were converted to CNG in 2020/2021

https://www.gogreenmasr.com/
Egypt National Fossil conditional Increase the number of CNG stations Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021061414/06/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of petroleum Other Facilitate CNG fueling in Exxon Mobil fueling stations 14/06/2021 It is planned to increase the number of CNG station from 306 to 1000 stations by end of 2021 (163 stations were built in 2020/2021); A protocol is signed to install CNG stations in Mobil stations
"Beoumi N. (2021, June14). An expected increase up to 226% of CNG stations. Al Mal News (GASREG, 2020). Protocol signing for CNG fueling in Mobil stations. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 22 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86-.pdf"
Egypt Fossil conditional Construction of NG tanks installed in CNG vehicles Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021060101/06/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Private sector Other Support state in achieving its goal in CNG vehicles converting
(GASREG, 2021). Inauguration of a plant for the production of natural gas cylinders. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 24. Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86_.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional Develop a national policy for production of green H2 and to include H2 in the energy mix of Egypt 20... Power generation Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021010101/01/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of electricity Government To empower Egypt to generate and use hydrogen using renewable energy instead of fossil fuels The strategy targets empowering Egypt to generate and use green H2, to cope with the international progress in this field, and to add green H2 to the integrated national energy mix
Ahram online. (2021, July 10). Egypt’s president urges establishing integrated strategy for producing green hydrogen. Ahram online.
Egypt Clean unconditional Scatec signed an agreement with Egypt’s sovereign fund to produce green H2 Multiple sectors Hydrogen Uncategorized 2021101414/10/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Other 14/10/2021 The project aims at producing green H2 and use it for production of green ammonia
Farg, M. (2021, October 14). Egypt signs an agreement to produce green hydrogen with "Scatec" and "Vertiglobe". Attaqa. Retrieved from
https://attaqa.net/2021/10/14/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%A7%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AC-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%87%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AC%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84/
Egypt National Fossil conditional Cost of NG is decreased from 6/5.5 to 4.5 $/MBTU for NG intensive consumption industries Multiple sectors Gas and gas products Underpricing of govt-owned goo... 2020030101/03/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of petroleum Government This tariff is reviewed every 6 months for possible modifications. The cost of selling of NG for electricity generation purposes is 3.5 $/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG for brick kilns is 73 EGP/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG to municipality bakeries is 14.1 piasters/MBTU. The cost of selling of NG for domestic uses ranges from 2.35 to 3.6 EGP/m3
Prime Ministerial decree1884/2019 Prime Ministerial decree 744/2020 and
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/ar/natural-gas-pricing/
Egypt Nartional Fossil conditional Installing of pre-paid NG meters Other sector Gas and gas products Government procurement (DT) 2020080101/08/2020 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of petroleum Government Pre-paid NG meters are expected to improve tariff collection from users. Furthermore, it is expected to improve the management of the NG consumption via users. 01/08/2020
(GASREG, 2020). The Minister of Petroleum chairs a meeting to follow up the collection of natural gas dues. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 24 . Sada El-Balad (August, 2020). Learn about the plan to install a prepaid natural gas meter (Video). YouTube. Retrieved from
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YwgYwRz9BIc
Egypt Nartional Fossil conditional A plan ( protocol is signed) for converting of 6525 bakeries (Egyptian bread) from using diesel to N... Other sector Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2020111616/11/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) "Ministry of petroleum Ministry of supply and internal trading Ministry of local development" Government Replace diesel to better environmentally alternative 16/11/2020
(GASREG, 2020). Ministry of Supply plans to convert 6525 bakery to NG as a first phase. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 15 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/15th-Edition-.pdf Alam Altaqa. (2020, November 16). A plan to convert 6,525 bakeries to natural gas as a first stage. Alam Altaqa. Retrieved from
https://alamaltaqa.com/news/details/14304
Egypt National Fossil conditional A plan (protocol is signed) for converting medium/small industrial facilities to NG Multiple sectors Oil and gas Debt write-offs (Hybrid) 2021070101/07/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government "Improving and developing the industrial facilities Protecting the environment Reduce money allocated for importing raw materials (diesel)" 01/07/2021
(GASREG, 2021). Cairo Gas Company signs a protocol with Bank Masr for financing plants conversion to NG. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 22 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%86-.pdf
Egypt Municipal (new Bani-swif - new... Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new governmental and private housing in new cities Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) 2021101111/10/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government 11/10/2021 Applied in New Bani-Swif City and New Damietta. Applied in new residential complex in 6th of October
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 410/2019 and 759/2020, 970/2019
Egypt Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new clubs affiliated to Ministry of Youth and Sports in 2020 Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) 2020101212/10/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government 12/10/2020 Applied in royal club in New Cairo
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 856/2019
Egypt Clean unconditional Government uses solar heaters in new governmental owned universities in 2020 Buildings Solar Government procurement (DT) 2020101212/10/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of housing, utilities, and urban communities Government 12/10/2020 Applied in Fayoum University and Azhar University in Aswan
Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban communities decree 536/2019
Egypt National Clean unconditional The maximum capacity of the installed solar panels in households is equal to the maximum consumption... Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2020050101/05/2020 Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other 01/05/2020 "The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020"
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional The net produced electricity is paid at the end of each fiscal year according to last agreement betw... Power generation Solar Government procurement (DT) 2020020101/02/2020 Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other 01/02/2020 The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional The client pays an integration fee (determined by EGYPTERA). The units producing electricity with a ... Power generation Solar Uncategorized 2020091515/09/2020 Electricity generation EGYPTERA Other 15/09/2020 The Net Metering guideline is published in May 2020
Regulatory guidelines for the exchange and use of electrical energy produced from solar energy and contracted by the Net Metering system. Retrieved from
http://egyptera.org/ar/Download/journal/2020/2_2020.pdf
Egypt National Clean unconditional Install solar panels above governmental-owned buildings in 2020 Power generation Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) 2020101515/10/2020 Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government Rationalizing public spending in the entities affiliated to the state in light of the continuing pandemic of the emerging Corona virus. 15/10/2020
Prime Minister Decree 1769/2020
Egypt Subnational Clean unconditional Gharbiya governorate recommends using renewable energy in different types of advertisements 2021 Other sector Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2021020404/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Governorate Government 04/02/2021
Gharbiya governorate decree 132/2021
Egypt Municipal (Dahsour) Fossil conditional Installing of Organic Rankin Cycle (ORC) in gas compression stations Power generation Gas and gas products Government procurement (DT) 2021022121/02/2021 Electricity generation Ministry of petroleum SOE The ORC recovers waste heat of the exhaust of the gas turbine that drives natural gas compressors. This project is implemented at GASCO- Dahshour gas compression station in cooperation with EBRD. The project is in the contracting phase
(GASREG, 2020). Highly Efficient Gas Compression Station in Dahsour. Periodic Bulletin for National and International Natural Gas Markets. Issue 18 Retrieved from
https://www.gasreg.org.eg/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%B4%D8%B1_.pdf
Egypt National Clean conditional Improve energy efficiency in governmental-owned buildings by installing energy efficiency equipment ... Buildings Energy efficiency Government procurement (DT) 2020101515/10/2020 Energy efficiency Ministry of Finance Government Rationalizing public spending in the entities affiliated to the state in light of the continuing pandemic of the emerging Corona virus. 15/10/2020
Prime Minister Decree 1769/2020
Egypt Subnational Clean conditional Use LED lighting in advertisements in Alexandria governorate in 2020 Other sector Energy efficiency Government procurement (DT) 2020092424/09/2020 Energy efficiency Governorate Other 24/09/2020
Alexandria governorate decree 441/2020
Egypt Fossil unconditional Converting simple cycle power plant into combined cycle power Power generation Multiple fossil Government procurement (DT) 2020111515/11/2020 Electricity generation Other 15/11/2020
Presentation of Minister of electricity in the American Chamber of Commerce in November 2020
Egypt National Fossil conditional A new electricity tariff schedule is issued in July 2020 Power generation Multiple energy types Increased fossil fuel taxation 2020070101/07/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Electricity SOE The tariff increases with higher consumption. The tariff increases every year for t five years starting from July 2020
Minister of Electricity decree 100/2020
Egypt National/Regional Other energy Egypt plans to interconnect electricity grid with different countries Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 113924050.63291 2021100101/10/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution "Ministry of electricity Ministry of International Cooperation SOE "Interconnections with Saudi Arabia will achieve the following: 1- A start for Arabic interconnected grid 2- Support in the 2030 vision of the two countries 3- Increase stability and reliability of the two grids Interconnections with Greece and Cyprus: 1- Improve electricity supply 2- Stimulate regional cooperation 3- Construct lines for transporting big amounts of renewable energy 4- Increase the percentage of renewable energy generation 5- Achieve electricity interconnection with the EU" 1800000000 Egypt signed a memorandum of understanding for electricity grid interconnection with Greece and Cyprus in October 2021; Egypt signed contracts for electricity grid interconnection with Saudi Arabia in October 2021
Taman, N. (2021. October 17). Egypt and Cyprus sign memorandum of understanding for electricity interconnection. Al-Ahram.
Taman, N. (2021. October 17). The signing of contracts for electricity interconnecting between Egypt and Saudi Arabia with a cost of 1.8 billion dollars. Al-Ahram.
Egypt Municiplity (Abu Rawash) Other energy Initiation of Waste to Energy projects Power generation Biofuels and waste Government procurement (DT) 2021090101/09/2021 Electricity generation "Ministry of Local Development The Waste Management Regulatory Authority (WMRA) representing the Ministry of Environment Giza governorate " Government Improve MSW management in Giza governorate A protocol was signed between the Ministry of Local Development, the Waste Management Regulatory Authority (WMRA) representing the Ministry of Environment, Giza governorate, and the Ministry of Military Production (representing the private sector). The protocol aims at coordinating between these ministries to construct a WtE processing facility in Abu Rawash with Design, Build, Own and Operate (DBOO) model.
Egypt National Clean conditional Egypt issued green bonds by a value of 750 million dollar Buildings Multiple renewable Other hybrid support measures 2020090101/09/2020 Reduced environmental damage Ministry of Finance Public finance institution "Fund green projects Fund renewable energy projects Fund GHG reduction projects" Renewable energy projects (Benban solar park) were part of these green bonds
Financial Regulatory Authority, (June, 2021). Approval of the first issuance of green bonds in the capital market in Egypt for a company with a value of $100 million. Financial Regulatory Authority official website. Retrieved from
https://fra.gov.eg/fra_news/%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%82%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A3%D9%88%D9%84-%D8%A5%D8%B5%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%B6/
Egypt Subnational Fossil conditional 2 monorail lines are under construction in Cairo and Giza Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2020020101/02/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Transportation SOE 01/02/2020 The construction of the 2 lines started from the end of 2020
The National Authority For Tunnels. On-going projects. The National Authority For Tunnels official website. Retrieved from
http://www.nat.org.eg/arabic/phase3.html
Egypt National Fossil conditional Initiation of HSR connecting Sokhna to Matrouh Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government procurement (DT) 2021090101/09/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Ministry of Transportation SOE Siemens Mobility signed a contract in September with Egypt's National Authority for Tunnels to build 660 out of the planned 1,800-kilometer network.
Bailey, S. (2021). Egypt is building a $4.5 billion high-speed rail line. CNN travel. Retrieved from
https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/egypt-high-speed-train-spc-intl/index.html
Egypt Clean unconditional Egypt plans to construct water desalination stations powered by renewable energy Resources Multiple renewable Government procurement (DT) 2021100101/10/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Other Egypt issues tenders to construct 17 desalination station by solar energy in the next five years.
Almayadeen (2021, October 2021). Egypt issues tenders for 17 new desalination plants. Almayadeen. Retrieved from
https://www.almayadeen.net/news/economic/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%B7%D8%B1%D8%AD-%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D8%AA%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7%D9%87-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%A9
South Africa National Clean conditional Electricity Regulation Act: Licensing exemption and registration Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2021042323/04/2021 Electricity generation Department of Mineral Resources and Energy Government To lift the licensing threshold for small-scale power generation projects from 1MW to 10MW 23/04/2021 At present, any small-scale embedded generators over 1MW are required to obtain a license to generate power (along with registering with the energy regulator NERSA). This proposed change means small-scale embedded generation projects up to 10MW will be exempt from requiring a license, but will still need to register with NERSA.

https://www.gov.za/sites/default/files/gcis_document/202104/44482gon374.pdf

https://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/south-africa-lifts-power-licence-threshold-but-not-enough-56b27b93-15db-5fa5-b72e-6d94c80e894d
South Africa National Clean unconditional Eight preferred bidders selected for the 2 000-MW Risk Mitigation Independent Power Producer Procure... Power generation Multiple renewable Uncategorized 2021031818/03/2021 Electricity generation Department of Mineral Resources and Energy Government To scale up renewables 18/03/2021 Mineral Resources and Energy Minister Gwede Mantashe released the names of the eight preferred bidders selected as part of government’s 2 000-MW ‘emergency’ procurement programme and also launched the much-anticipated fifth bid window (BW5) for the procurement of new wind and solar. However, he resisted growing calls for a raising of the licence-exemption threshold for distributed projects at mines, smelters, factories and farms from 1 MW to 50 MW, indicating instead that the cap would be increased to only 10 MW. This despite arguments that a liberalisation of South Africa’s convoluted licensing regime was the cheapest and quickest way to unlock at least 5 000 MW of new capacity within five years.

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/mantashe-offers-electricity-procurement-update-2021-03-18

https://egis.environment.gov.za/
South Africa National Fossil unconditional Powership-heavy ‘emergency’ projects are unveiled Power generation Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2021031818/03/2021 Electricity generation Department of Mineral Resources and Energy Government To increase electricity supply 18/03/2021 At the moment, three further powership projects, with a combined capacity of 150 MW, are still be awarded under the RMIPPPP at a later stage, subject to a value-for-money re-assessment. The exact capacity of each project, along with the tariffs bid, were not immediately provided, with the Minister indicating only that their combined capacity was 1 845 MW and that the tariffs bid ranged from R1 468/MWh to R1 885/MWh. The projects are expected to have a combined investment value of R45-billion. IPP Office CEO Bernard Magoro reported that the three powerships had a combined capacity of 1 220 MW and would generate electricity using liquefied natural gas (LNG).

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/mantashe-offers-electricity-procurement-update-2021-03-18
South Africa National Other energy Environment, Forestry and Fisheries gazettes geographical areas for development of renewable energy Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2021031010/03/2021 Electricity generation Ministry of Environment Government To scale up both renewables and gas 10/03/2021 The geographical zones identified as important for the expansion of South Africa’s energy mix have been published for implementation. The Notices are part of the the alignment of regulations required for the effective implementation of national environmental management legislation in terms of the One Environmental System. They will also contribute to the expansion of the country’s alternate energy mix as the country works towards a reduction in the reliance on coal for energy. The publication in the government gazette of the development corridors for strategic gas transmission pipeline infrastructure, and large scale wind and solar photovoltaic energy facilities follows an extended public consultation period on the proposed Renewable Energy Development Zones and improved Environmental Impact Assessment processes in 2020. Amendments to the procedures to apply for, and for decisions on, Environmental Authorisations (EA) for the development of alternative energy initiatives in what is known as the Renewable Energy Development Zones (REDZ) have also been published for implementation. The EA process has been shortened to allow for a smoother implementation of alternate energy growth in South Africa. It is also because the proactive site sensitivity work has been completed through two two-and-a-half year Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) processes. These determined the environmental sensitivity of each of the zones and corridors. Renewable energy developments within identified zones in South Africa will require an environmental authorisation.

https://www.gov.za/speeches/environment-gazettes-geographical-areas-development-renewable-energy-10-mar-2021-0000

https://egis.environment.gov.za/
South Africa National Fossil unconditional “South Africa Budget 2021/22: Fuel levies will be increased by 27 cents per litre, comprising... Mobility Oil and oil products Increased fossil fuel taxation 2021022424/02/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government 24/02/2021 These price increases come as part of South Africa's annual budget.

http://www.treasury.gov.za/documents/National%20Budget/2021/speech/speech.pdf
South Africa National Clean unconditional Sasol upscales renewables roll-out ambition to 900 MW, starts plotting big green-hydrogen role Power generation Multiple renewable Uncategorized 2021022222/02/2021 Electricity generation Sasol SOE To achieve its aim of decreasing GHG emissions by 10% by 2030, compared to 2017-baseline 22/02/2021 Sasol announced on Monday that it would pursue a 900 MW renewable-energy roll-out at its Secunda and Sasolburg complexes by 2030, raising its initial deployment target of 600 MW by 50%. A report published by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research a week ahead of Sasol’s results argued that South Africa’s Fischer-Tropsch plants could be repurposed to use green hydrogen to produce ‘powerfuels’, including carbon-neutral kerosene for export into Europe’s aviation sector.

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/sasol-upscales-renewables-roll-out-ambition-to-900-mw-starts-plotting-big-green-hydrogen-role-2021-02-22
South Africa National Other energy Nuclear New Build Programme to procure 2.5 GW by 2024, and Koeberg Nuclear Power Plant life extended... Power generation Nuclear New or extended regulation (IT... 2020103030/10/2020 Electricity generation Department for Mineral Resources and Energy Government To increase electricity supply for grid stability 30/10/2020 Under Priority 1 (economic transformation and job creation) of the Government of South Africa for the period 2019-2024, it aims to extend the life of South Africa's only Nuclear Power Plant and add 2.5 GW additional nuclear power capacity to the grid. Further details are still outstanding.

https://www.gov.za/sites/default/files/The/PA-env-creecy.pdf
South Africa National Fossil conditional Department for Environment, Forestry and Fisheries to develop and implement transition plans Other sector Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020103030/10/2020 Several energy stages Government of South Africa Government To ease the just transition of various sectors facilitating climate change and mitigate job losses 30/10/2020 Under Priority 1 (economic transformation and job creation) of the Government of South Africa for the period 2019-2024, it aims for natural resources to be managed and sectors and municipalities to be able to respond to the impact of climate change. Thus, by 2024 Sector Jobs Resilience Plans have to be approved and implemented under five value chains, including coal and petrol-based transport. Only high carbon emitting sectors are addressed by this, and the overarching aim us to contribute to a just transition to a low carbon economy and climate resilient society.

https://www.gov.za/sites/default/files/The/PA-env-creecy.pdf (p. 6)
South Africa National Fossil conditional Minister Pravin Gordhan signs Eskom social compact with social partners Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020120808/12/2020 Several energy stages Government 08/12/2020 At the end of 2019, social partners at the National Economic Development and Labour Council started negotiating the social compact recognizing that the resolution of the energy challenges was instrumental in ensuring the economic recovery of the country. South Africa's Minister for Public Enterprises, Pravin Gordhan, noted that the Social Compact would allow partners to work together on “just transition” projects for the repurposing of old coal-powered stations, as part of mitigating against climate change, and transitioning them towards clean coal technologies. By doing so, it is intended to mitigate the impacts of the lack of economic activities because of the closure of the coal-powered stations.

https://www.gov.za/speeches/minister-gordhan-signs-eskom-social-compact-social-partners-8-dec-2020-0000
South Africa National Other energy Applications for self-generation facilities of above 1MW may now be processed by NERSA even if they ... Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020103030/10/2020 Electricity generation National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA), Ministry of National Resources and Energy Government To releave prospective applicants 30/10/2020 The approval granted relates to generation facilities that are either: a) connected to the national grid, in circumstances in which the generation facility supplies electricity to a single customer and there is no wheeling of that electricity through the national grid; or b) connected to the national grid, in circumstances in which the generation facility is operated solely to supply a single customer or related customers by transporting electricity through the national grid where wheeling arrangements are in place between all affected parties.

http://nersa.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Media-Statement-Licencing-of-self-generation-facilities-above-1MW.pdf
South Africa Johannesburg Clean unconditional Coal-Powered Johannesburg Approves Policy on Greener Buildings Buildings Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020111313/11/2020 Several energy stages Johannesburg Council Government To be carbon neutral “within the buildings and energy sector” by 2050 13/11/2020 The Johannesburg council has approved a draft policy for the development of energy-efficient buildings powered by cleaner sources of electricity including renewables. The policy aims to set both mandatory and voluntary high-performance standards for all new buildings within the city's built environment.

https://financialpost.com/pmn/business-pmn/coal-powered-johannesburg-approves-policy-on-greener-buildings
South Africa National Other energy Department of Mineral Resources and Energy has issued the Request for Proposals for the Risk Mitigat... Resources Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2020082222/08/2020 Electricity generation Government To alleviate current electricity supply constraints and reduce the utilisation of diesel-based peaking electrical generators 22/08/2020 The programme seeks to procure 2 GW from a range of energy sources and technologies. They will have to be dispatchable and be able to provide a range of support services to the grid system operator. By the end of June 2022, all power procured under this programme is expected to be fully operational. As of 22 December 2020, a total of 28 bids were submitted. The preferred bidder announcement is expected for February 2021.

http://www.dmr.gov.za/news-room/post/1861

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/emergency-ipp-power-projects-to-be-grid-connected-by-mid-2022-2020-09-25/rep_id:4136
South Africa National Other energy The National Energy Regulator of South Africa has been permitted to grant above 1 MW licenses withou... Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020103030/10/2020 Electricity generation Government of South Africa Government To process licence applications for self-generation facilities of above 1 MW, even if they are not in compliance with the Integrated Resource Plan 2019. 30/10/2020 Profiteers are generation facilities connected to the national grid if it supplies electricity to a single customer and there is no wheeling of that electricity through the national grid.

https://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/nersa-permitted-to-grant-above-1-mw-licences-without-ministerial-approval-2020-10-30/rep_id:4136
South Africa National Fossil unconditional Bailout of South African Airways Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 637406665.45256 2020102828/10/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of South Africa Government For settling guaranteed debt and interest. 28/10/2020 10500000000 This allocation is funded through reductions to the baselines of national departments, public entities and conditional grants. It is in addition to the R16.4 billion allocated in the February Budget for settling guaranteed debt and interest.

https://www.gov.za/speeches/minister-tito-mboweni-medium-term-budget-policy-statement-28-oct-2020-0000
South Africa National Other energy Amendments to Electricity Regulations on new generation capacity to enable municipal power generatio... Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020101616/10/2020 Electricity generation Government To ensure an orderly development that [...] in line with the applicable Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) and municipal Integrated Development Plans (IDPs). Furthermore, the amendments will ensure that Section 34 Determination requests are from municipalities that are in good financial standing with feasible project proposals. 16/10/2020 The Department has put in place an internal standard operating procedure to ensure that the requests for Section 34 Determinations are attended to in the shortest possible time.

https://www.iol.co.za/business-report/energy/municipalities-get-green-light-to-make-power-5c300133-db8f-4dc2-abf9-eca3bd8c5799
https://www.gov.za/speeches/dmre-16-oct-2020-0000
South Africa National Clean unconditional Procurement of new generation capacity from Renewables (wind and PV) Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020091010/09/2020 Electricity generation Department of Mineral Resources and Energy and NERSA (National Energy Regulator of South Africa) Government New generation capacity must be procured to contribute to South Africa's energy security through 6800 MW from renewable energy sources (PV and wind) for the years 2022 - 2024 10/09/2020 "NERSA's concurrence with the determination by the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy on new generation capacity has legislative basis in the Electricity Regulation Act, 2006 (Act No. 4 of 2006) and the Energy Regulations on New Generation Capacity which requested concurrence that new generation capacity must be procured to contribute towards energy security. This is also guided by the Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity 2019 - 2030, which provides a 'roadmap' for South Africa future energy sector. This procurement for additional electricity generation, also comes in light of severe power cuts (""load shedding"") in South Africa nationally, due to an ageing fleet of coal fired power stations."

http://nersa.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Decision-and-Reasons-for-Decision-for-the-Concurrence-new-generation-capacity-from-Renewables.pdf

http://www.dmr.gov.za/news-room/post/1866/minister-mantashe-welcomes-nersa-concurrence-to-ministerial-determination-for-the-procurement-of-11-813-mw-of-power
South Africa National Fossil unconditional Procurement of new generation capacity from gas, diesel, coal and storage Power generation Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020091010/09/2020 Electricity generation Department of Mineral Resources and Energy and NERSA (National Energy Regulator of South Africa) Government New generation capacity must be procured to contribute to South Africa's energy security through 513MW from storage (for the year 2022), 3 000MW from gas (for the years 2024 to 2027) and 1 500MW from coal (2023 to 2027) 10/09/2020 "NERSA's concurrence with the determination by the Minister of Mineral Resources and Energy on new generation capacity has legislative basis in the Electricity Regulation Act, 2006 (Act No. 4 of 2006) and the Energy Regulations on New Generation Capacity which requested concurrence that new generation capacity must be procured to contribute towards energy security. This is also guided by the Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity 2019 - 2030, which provides a 'roadmap' for South Africa future energy sector. This procurement for additional electricity generation, also comes in light of severe power cuts (""load shedding"") in South Africa nationally, due to an ageing fleet of coal fired power stations."

http://nersa.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Decision-and-Reasons-for-Decision-for-the-Concurrence-new-generation-capacity-from-Renewables.pdf

http://www.dmr.gov.za/news-room/post/1866/minister-mantashe-welcomes-nersa-concurrence-to-ministerial-determination-for-the-procurement-of-11-813-mw-of-power
South Africa National Other energy Access to Eskom, Sasol and Arcelor Mittal’s pollution records Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020040909/04/2020 Several energy stages The Ministry of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Government Increasing access to information. 09/04/2020 The Minister of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy has ordered her department to disclose future information about the GHG emissions of the country's biggest polluters.

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-04-09-no-more-secrecy-says-creecy-ordering-disclosure-of-climate-gas-records-from-sas-big-polluters/ Accessed 18 May 2020
South Africa National Fossil unconditional Lowered pollution standards for SO2 emitters Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 2020051414/05/2020 Several energy stages The Ministry of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries Government 14/05/2020 The Minister of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Barbara Creecy, published SO2 air pollution standards twice as low as previous standards at the start of the Covid-19 emergency lockdown.

https://www.iol.co.za/saturday-star/news/government-locks-sa-into-deadly-air-pollution-amid-covid-19-pandemic-45895850 Accessed 18 May 2020
https://www.iol.co.za/saturday-star/news/government-locks-sa-into-deadly-air-pollution-amid-covid-19-pandemic-45895850 Accessed 18 May 2020
South Africa National Fossil unconditional New amendments to the Mineral Resources Development Act (MPRDA) Multiple sectors Coal Uncategorized 2020053030/05/2020 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Government Facilitate new mining projects 30/05/2020 Mineral Resources and Energy Minister Gwede Mantashe has released new amendments to the Mineral Resources Development Act which undermine the right of affected communities to oppose mining projects

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2020-03-30-mantashe-uses-state-of-disaster-to-escape-accountability/ Accessed 13 May 2020
South Africa National Fossil unconditional Deferral of first carbon tax payment and filing of tax returns Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020040101/04/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Carbon Tax Act 15 of 2019, Ministry of Finance Government To provide cash flow relief and to alleviate some of the compliance burden on taxpayers, a three-month deferral of the first period for submission of accounts and carbon tax payments is proposed. 01/04/2020 31/10/2020 Due to COVID-19 and the subsequent lockdown, many industries and businesses have closed. As such, it is argued that they have decreased income and also are polluting less. The rationale for this is then to allow them a 'payment holiday' for carbon tax emissions due to the reasons above. To provide cash flow relief and to alleviate some of the compliance burdens on taxpayers, a three-month deferral of the first period for submission of accounts and carbon tax payments is proposed."

http://www.treasury.gov.za/comm_media/press/2020/20200424%20Remarks%20by%20Minister%20of%20Finance,%20Mr,%20Tito%20Mbownei,%20during%20the%20media%20briefing%20to%20outline%20R500BN%20economic%20support%20package.pdf Accessed 13 May 2020
South Africa National Other energy Wind power supply disruptions Power generation Wind Government procurement (DT) 2020040101/04/2020 Electricity generation ESKOM Government Manage the reduced demand for electricity by relying on fewer variable sources of energy generation. 01/04/2020 Eskom has issued a Force Majeure to curtail wind power producers from supplying power to the grid. This is because demand is expected to fall; this directly affects the power purchase agreements between Eskom and Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers (REIPPs)

https://sawea.org.za/eskom-issues-curtailment-notice-to-wind-farms-citing-covid-19/ Accessed 8 April 2020
South Africa National Other energy IDC providing working capital to suppliers of primary energy Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020032424/03/2020 Several energy stages Government Funding to boost primary energy suppliers (alongside other essential sectors). The Industrial Development Corporation has allocated R3 billion in funding for firms that produce essential goods to scale up their operations. This includes the energy sector and specifically, primary energy suppliers.

https://www.gov.za/speeches/minister-ebrahim-patel-government%E2%80%99s-intervention-measures-coronavirus-24-mar-2020-0000 Accessed 4 April 2020