Finland

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Finland has committed at least USD 2.69 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 1.55 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 8 policies (8 quantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for conditional fossil fuels
  • At least USD 23.13 million for unconditional clean energy through 3 policies (3 quantified)
  • At least USD 746.57 million for conditional clean energy through 13 policies (13 quantified)
  • At least USD 374.45 million for other energy through 1 policy (1 quantified)
Updated: 25 November 2020


At least

$1.55 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$280.93

Per capita



At least

$769.69 million

Supporting clean energy

$139.43

Per capita

By energy type, Finland committed at least USD 1.47 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 1.47 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Finland through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 25 November 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Finland National Clean conditional Additional resources to processing of grant applications for energy efficiency renovations in reside... Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 308370.04405286 2020090303/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The objective is to ensure sufficient resources for processing of grant applications related to energy efficiency renovation projects in residential buildings. 30/09/2020 EUR 0.28 million 280000 The funding is used to cover additional costs related to processing of grant applications for energy efficiency renovation projects in residential buildings. The aim of the grants is to increase energy efficiency in residential buildings. In practice the grant can cover up to 50% of the renovation project costs. To receive the grant proven improvements in energy efficiency need to be achieved.
https://web.archive.org/web/20201006134140/
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_119+2020.aspx
Finland National Fossil unconditional Support for cargo and cruise ship companies Multiple sectors Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 27312775.330396 2020061111/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The funding is a direct reaction to the C19 crisis. The aim is to relieve the troubles that shipping companies are facing and to maintain the performance capacity in the sector. 26/06/2020 EUR 24.8 24800000 The funding is used to support cargo and cruise ship companies' ability to continue their operations. The proposition was supplementary to the 4th supplementary budget for 2020. During application process companies may be asked to provide environmental impact information to promote low-emission operations.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_97+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean unconditional Additional resources for permission processes related to wind power Power generation Wind Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1101321.5859031 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Finnish Government Government The aim is to speed up the processes related to permissions and evaluation. 26/06/2020 EUR 1 million 1000000 The aim is to speed up the processes in ELY centres (Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment)
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean unconditional Support for wind power planning Power generation Wind Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2202643.1718062 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Finnish Government Government The funding can be used to support planning and permission processes - as well as studies linked to them. The funding can cover max. 70 % of the incurred costs. 26/06/2020 EUR 2 million 2000000 The funding can be used to support planning and permission processes - as well as studies linked to them. The funding can cover max. 70 % of the incurred costs.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Other energy Increase of support to housing construction Buildings Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 374449339.20705 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government Supporting housing construction is part of stimulus package to support economic recovery after covid-19 crisis. 26/06/2020 EUR 340 million 340000000 Supporting housing construction is part of stimulus package to support economic recovery after covid-19 crisis. Government supports construction of housing in a particular programme ("ARA"). The programme supports construction of housing with regulated rents (low rents). In practice the government guarantees loans of construction companies and in some cases pays part of the interest. The new buildings are typically more energy efficient than average existing buildings, and they are often located in central areas (which can decrease the energy use in transport by inhabitants). The fulfillment of regular energy efficiency standards are expected of the supported buildings. The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional Maintenance of highways and roads Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 33039647.577093 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The road maintenance operations are part of the stimulus package to support economic recovery after covid-19 crisis. 26/06/2020 EUR 30 million 30000000 The road maintenance operations are part of the stimulus package to support economic recovery after covid-19 crisis.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Furthering the infrastructure for electric vehicles in private housing Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1651982.3788546 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The aim is to further the electrification of the car fleet. 26/06/2020 EUR 1.5 million 1500000 The aim is to further the electrification of the car fleet. The funding can be used to cover part of the installment costs of EV charging stations in private housing. The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Funding to promote electricity in transportation by improving charging infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1101321.5859031 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Finnish Government Government To support the transition to electricity use in transportation 26/06/2020 EUR 1 million 1000000
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional Innovation support for ship manufacturing industry Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 22852422.907489 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government To facilitate the start of new ship projects 26/06/2020 EUR 20.75 20750000 The aid is intended for the development of shipping project innovations. The aim is to achieve innovative and advanced vessel or offshore solutions, while facilitating market entry for new innovations as part of shipping projects.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.businessfinland.fi/en/for-finnish-customers/services/funding/innovation-aid-for-shipbuilding/ (3 September 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional Postponement of airports’ fee payment due dates Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 6277533.0396476 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The purpose of the postponement is to support airport operators as their revenue has fallen due to covid-19 in 2020. 26/06/2020 EUR 5.7 million 5700000 The purpose of the postponement is to support airport operators as their revenue has fallen in 2020. The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional Support for airports not part of Finavia network Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 3193832.5991189 2020061212/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government To support maintenance and development of domestic airports, and thus mobility and connectivity in the country. 12/06/2020 EUR 2.9 million 2900000
https://valtioneuvosto.fi/-/vuoden-2020-lentopaikka-ja-lentokenttaavustukset-myonnetty (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Support for manufacturing industries and the development of smart electricity grid Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 11013215.859031 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Finnish Government Government To support technological development in manufacturing industries and to enhance the development of a secure smart grid 26/06/2020 EUR 10 million 10000000 The money is to be further allocated by the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional Support for 13 highway improvement projects Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 26431718.061674 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Finnish Government Government Supporting highway improvement projects 26/06/2020 EUR 24 million 24000000 The broad aim is to improve the efficiency and security of the road infrastructure, supporting both private and public transportation, as well as logistics. 13 projects: (1) Improving the E18 Mainroad 50 Circle III, 3rd phase: EUR 3 million for 2020 (2) Improving the Oulu—Kemi junctions in Simo (Route 4): EUR 4 million for 2020 (3) Improving the Hartola—Oravakivensalmi section (Route 4): EUR 1 million for 2020 (4) Improving Turku—Pori at Eurajoki (Route 8): EUR 0.7 million for 2020 (5) Building the Paimenportti interchange (Route 15): EUR 0.5 million for 2020 (6) Improving between Varkaus—Viinijärvi (Route 23): EUR 6.5 million for 2020 (7) the Leppi underpass (Route 25): EUR 1 million for 2020 (8) Building the Kolpin Pedersöre bridge (Main road 68): EUR 0.1 million for 2020 (9) Improving the Edsevö interchange (Main road 68): EUR 2.5 million for 2020 (10) Designing the Vaasa—Kokkola passing lanes (Route 8): EUR 1 million for 2020 (11) Designing the GigaVaasa connections: EUR 1 million for 2020 (12) Designing the Kaarina bypass on Paraistenväylä (Motorway 180): EUR 0.7 million for 2020 (13) Improving the Seinäjoki-Lapua section (Route 19): EUR 2,0 million for 2020
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional State funding for 7 railway projects linked to urban regions development Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 26874429.515418 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government To improve the functionality and security of the public railway system (7 projects) and tie the regions to a set of conditions ("MAL-agreements") with the funding. 26/06/2020 EUR 22.157 million 24401982 MAL-agreements ("Maankäytön, asumisen ja liikenteen sopimukset") are a set of agreements between the state and large municipalities with the aim to maintain and improve the functionality of each region as a part of the country as a whole. The foci are on land use, housing, and transportation. The agreements are intended to improve the sustainability of transportation and make housing more sustainable in areas with easy-access public transport. .
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.lvm.fi/-/hallituksen-esitys-neljanneksi-lisatalousarvioksi-joukkoliikenteeseen-kavelyyn-ja-pyorailyyn-tukea-vaylahankkeita-koko-maahan-1204560 (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional A combination of 4 railway investments for industry policy purposes Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 15418502.202643 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government To facilitate transport to and from important industrial locations (4 projects): (1) The Kemi biorefinery railway connections: EUR 1 million for 2020 (2) Improving the Kontiomäki-Pesiökylä track: EUR 1 million for 2020 (3) Improving the Oulu-Kontiomäki track transfer capability, 1st phase: EUR 1 million for 2020 (4) The ‘Digirata’ pilot project: Up to EUR 11 million of authorised total spending. The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020 26/06/2020 EUR 14 million 14000000 Further government funding for these projects (exept for the Digirata) is to be provided if final investment decision to build the Kemi biorefinery is made.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.lvm.fi/-/hallituksen-esitys-neljanneksi-lisatalousarvioksi-joukkoliikenteeseen-kavelyyn-ja-pyorailyyn-tukea-vaylahankkeita-koko-maahan-1204560 (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional A combination of 6 support measures for public railways Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 11784140.969163 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government To improve the functionality and security of the public railway system (6 projects) 26/06/2020 EUR 10.7 million 10700000 6 projects: (1) Replacing railway switches at different locations: EUR 3 million for 2020 (2) Enhanced maintainance work of the main rail network: EUR 3 million for 2020 (3) Rapairing the Heinävaara-Ilomantsi track: EUR 1 million for 2020 (4) Enhanced maintainance work of the Loviisa-Lahti track: EUR 3 million for 2020 (5) Improvements at the Kuopio railway yard, 1st phase: EUR 0.5 million for 2020 (6) Beginning the repairment of the Helsinki–Tampere track: EUR 0.2 million for 2020
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.lvm.fi/-/hallituksen-esitys-neljanneksi-lisatalousarvioksi-joukkoliikenteeseen-kavelyyn-ja-pyorailyyn-tukea-vaylahankkeita-koko-maahan-1204560 (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Government funding to boost equity of Finnish Minerals Group Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Equity injection or nationalis... 165198237.88546 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Finnish Government Government To support battery development 26/06/2020 EUR 150 million 150000000 EUR 150 million is reserved for boosting the equity of Finnish Minerals Group, a state-owned company. The task of the Group is to promote the battery industry value chain in Finland.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Additional funding for the development of Finland’s battery cluster Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 330396475.77093 2020060606/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Finnish Government Government To promote battery technology development and deployment 26/06/2020 EUR 300 million 300000000 The funding (EUR 300 million) is used to support investments into various parts of the battery industry value chain in Finland.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.mineralsgroup.fi/home.html (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Support for promoting energy efficiency Multiple sectors Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1101321.5859031 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Finnish Government Government The aim is to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy 26/06/2020 EUR 1 million 1000000 The aim is to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy. The funding is to be used for campaigns directed at households, businesses and municipalities.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Funding for energy demonstration projects Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 22026431.718062 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Finnish Government Government The aim is to support investments and studies related to 1) production and use of renewable energy, 2) energy efficiency, or 3) other measures to promote the transition to a low-carbon energy system. 26/06/2020 EUR 20 million 20000000 The funding is used to support demonstration projects under "Energiatuki" support mechanism. The mechanism is generally used to support investments and studies related to 1) production and use of renewable energy, 2) energy efficiency, or 3) other measures to promote the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://tem.fi/energiatuki (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Grant to phase out oil heating in households and municipal buildings Buildings Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 49559471.365639 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The aim is to support households and municipality buildings to switch from oil heating to other heating systems than a single-house system based on fossil fuels. 26/06/2020 EUR 45 million 45000000 The aim is to support the phase out of oil heating in households and municipality-owned buildings. The most common heat sources to switch to are district heating, ground source heat pumps or other heat pumps. The support was approved as part of the 4th supplementary budget for 2020 on 26 June 2020.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean unconditional Support for promoting walking and cycling in 2020 Mobility Active transport Budget or off-budget transfer ... 19823788.546256 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Active transport (cycling or walking) Finnish Government Government The aim is to support projects to promote cycling and walking 26/06/2020 EUR 18 million 18000000 The funding is reserved for projects to promote cycling and walking
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://www.lvm.fi/-/hallituksen-esitys-neljanneksi-lisatalousarvioksi-joukkoliikenteeseen-kavelyyn-ja-pyorailyyn-tukea-vaylahankkeita-koko-maahan-1204560 (31 August 2020)
Finland National Clean conditional Support for public transport to cover loss of ticket revenue Mobility Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 110132158.59031 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government Objective is to support public transportation operators as the tickets sales have decreased. 26/06/2020 EUR 100 million 100000000 The purpose of the funding is to cover loss of ticket sales in public transportation. It can also be used to cover fixed costs in domestic aviation.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_88+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://valtioneuvosto.fi/-/10616/hallitus-paatti-vuoden-2020-neljannesta-lisatalousarvioesityksesta (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional State purchase of new Finnair shares Mobility Oil and oil products Equity injection or nationalis... 770925110.13216 2020050808/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The aim is to support Finnair during covid-19. 25/05/2020 EUR 700 million 700000000 State purchase of new Finnair shares as part of recapitalisation programme
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_66+2020.aspx (8 September 2020)

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_20_1032 (31 August 2020)
Finland National Fossil unconditional State guarantee on loan to Finnair Mobility Oil and oil products Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 660792950.44053 2020032020/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Finnish Government Government The aim is to secure the solvency of Finnair and support it during the exceptional circumstances due to covid-19. 26/03/2020 EUR 600 million 599999999 The aim of the state guarantee is to secure the solvency of Finnair and support it during the exceptional circumstances due to covid-19.
https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/KasittelytiedotValtiopaivaasia/Sivut/HE_24+2020.aspx (31 August 2020)

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/MEX_20_904 (31 August 2020)