India

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, India has committed at least USD 42.79 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 11.44 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 18 policies (8 quantified and 10 unquantified)
  • At least USD 6.42 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 4 policies (2 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • At least USD 4.35 billion for unconditional clean energy through 15 policies (4 quantified and 11 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (8 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 20.59 billion for other energy through 7 policies (4 quantified and 3 unquantified)

By energy type, India committed at least USD 2.12 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 2.12 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, India committed at least USD 15.11 billion to coal (at least USD 9.31 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 5.80 billion to conditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, India committed at least USD 13.49 million to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 13.49 million to unconditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of India through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Updated: 20 January 2021


At least

$17.85 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$13.07

Per capita



At least

$4.35 billion

Supporting clean energy

$3.18

Per capita

India

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, India has committed at least USD 42.79 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 11.44 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 18 policies (8 quantified and 10 unquantified)
  • At least USD 6.42 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 4 policies (2 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • At least USD 4.35 billion for unconditional clean energy through 15 policies (4 quantified and 11 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (8 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 20.59 billion for other energy through 7 policies (4 quantified and 3 unquantified)

By energy type, India committed at least USD 2.12 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 2.12 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, India committed at least USD 15.11 billion to coal (at least USD 9.31 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 5.80 billion to conditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, India committed at least USD 13.49 million to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 13.49 million to unconditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of India through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 20 January 2021

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
India National Fossil conditional Cabinet approves INR 45.73 billion interest subvention to raise ethanol production capacity Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 616922537.30135 2020123131/12/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Government of India Government To increase the share of ethanol in petrol 31/12/2020 INR 4573 crore 45730000000 Bank loans are provided at lower rates to distilleries producing ethanol for doping in petrol, with a view to raising India's ethanol production capacity to suck out surplus sugar as well as cut oil imports.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210104175411/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/cabinet-approves-rs-4573-cr-interest-subvention-to-raise-ethanol-production-capacity/80038728
India Subnational Clean unconditional Gujarat announces new solar policy Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2020122929/12/2020 Other Several energy stages Government of Gujarat Government To decrease coal dependency 29/12/2020 The policy permits any person or developer or consumer can set up solar projects without any capacity ceiling. Moreover, a group of consumers can set up solar projects for self-consumption as collective ownership project and can consume the generated energy in the ratio of their ownership. In order to encourage small scale solar projects, power Distribution Companies will now purchase power from these small-scale solar projects (up to 4 MW) at 20 paise per unit tariff higher than tariff discovered through competitive bidding while DISCOMs will purchase solar power from projects above 4 MW capacity through a competitive bidding process. units it will Rs. 1.10 per unit. Moreover, no banking charges shall be applicable to Residential Consumers and Government buildings. Cross Subsidy Surcharge (CSS) and Additional Surcharge (AS) will not be applicable in case of self-consumption (captive).

https://web.archive.org/web/20210104172107/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/gujarat-announces-new-solar-policy/80007776
India National Fossil unconditional India cuts pipeline tariffs to boost gas use in far-flung areas Resources Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020061515/06/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Government To boost gas use in far-flung areas 01/02/2021 Prices will be cut for areas far from gas injection points as the nation seeks a cleaner fuel-led industrial development across the country. Differential pipeline tariffs is one of the key reasons for uneven gas use in the country, which aims to raise its share in energy consumption to 15% by 2030.
/web/20201215084413/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/indias-new-pipeline-tariffs-to-boost-gas-use-in-far-flung-areas/79457454 (archive.org)
India NationalC Clean unconditional Cabinet approves production-linked incentive scheme: INR 181 billion for Advance Chemistry Cell (ACC... Power generation Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2441788306.3972 2020111111/11/2020 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government of India Government To make Indian manufacturers competitively globally 11/11/2020 INR 18100 crore 181000000000 The PLI scheme is intended to provide great incentives for manufacturers and help the country move towards the objective of 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' (Self-Reliant India). ACC battery manufacturing represents one of the largest economic opportunities of the twenty-first century for several global growth sectors, such as consumer electronics, electric vehicles, and renewable energy. The PLI scheme for ACC battery will incentivize large domestic and international players in establishing a competitive ACC battery set-up in the country.

https://web.archive.org/web/20210105104536/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1671912
/web/20201214132703/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/cabinet-approves-pli-scheme-worth-about-rs-2-lakh-crore-fm/79173337 (archive.org)
India National Clean unconditional Cabinet approves production-linked incentive scheme: INR 45 billion for high efficiency solar PV mod... Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 607074440.42576 2020111111/11/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Government of India Government To make Indian manufacturers competitively globally 11/11/2020 INR 4500 crore 44999999971 The PLI scheme is intended to provide great incentives for manufacturers and help the country move towards the objective of 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' (Self-Reliant India). Among the ten key sectors, high efficiency solar PV modules (Rs 4,500 crore) is included

https://web.archive.org/web/20210105104536/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1671912
/web/20201214132703/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/cabinet-approves-pli-scheme-worth-about-rs-2-lakh-crore-fm/79173337 (archive.org)
India National Other energy Cabinet approves production-linked incentive scheme: INR 570 billion for automobiles and auto compon... Mobility Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 7693926557.4832 2020111111/11/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Government of India Government To make Indian manufacturers competitively globally 11/11/2020 INR 57,032 crore 570320000000 The PLI scheme is intended to provide great incentives for manufacturers and help the country move towards the objective of 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat' (Self-Reliant India). Included are ten key sectors. Among the 10 key sectors, automobiles and auto components (Rs 57,042 crore) is included

https://web.archive.org/web/20210105104536/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1671912
/web/20201214132703/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/cabinet-approves-pli-scheme-worth-about-rs-2-lakh-crore-fm/79173337
India Subnational Other energy Indian State of Uttar Pradesh begins power projects worth Rs 2.16 billion Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 29139573.159215 2020110808/11/2020 Other Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Government of Uttar Pradesh Government To provide cheap and uninterrupted power supply to the people of Uttar Pradesh 08/11/2020 INR 216 crore 2160000000 The new projects are supposed to bring about an improvement in the life of the people; land-related issues linked to new projects will be disposed of in a time-bound manner.
/web/20201214131309/
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/adityanath-dedicates-power-projects-worth-rs-216-crore-to-gorakhpur/story-uPpb03YtP1jWPVSDLtNf4I.html (archive.org)
India National Other energy Power ministry makes it mandatory for all discoms to comply with Energy Conservation Act Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020110909/11/2020 Other Energy efficiency Ministry of Power Government To decrease energy losses and increase profitability 09/11/2020 All the DISCOMs will now be governed under the provisions of EC Act, such as the appointment of energy manager, energy accounting & auditing, identification of category-wise energy losses and implementation of energy conservation and efficiency measures. Before, discoms with annual energy losses above 1,000 million units were only covered as designated consumers. Now, the number of discosm covered under the EC Act will increase from 44 to 102.
/web/20201214130147/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/power-ministry-makes-it-mandatory-for-all-discoms-to-comply-with-energy-conservation-act/79135071 (archive.org)
India Subnational Clean unconditional Chandigarh Administration Provides Incentives to Spur Rooftop Installations Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2020101212/10/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Government of Chandigarh Government To spur rooftop solar 12/10/2020 The Chandigarh administration has targeted the rooftop installation goal of 50 MW by 2022. The incentives announced include a subsidy of 30% and Rs.100,000 cash award to the best performing Residents’ Welfare Associations in Chandigarh.
/web/20201214104141/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1679441 (archive.org)
India Subnational Clean unconditional Indian State of Maharashtra Approves ‘Unconventional Energy Generation Policy 2020’ to Deploy 17... Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020121010/12/2020 Other Electricity generation Government of Maharashtra Government To provide solar power connections to 10,000 houses annually and to reduce power outages. Moreover, it is hoped to address power outage issues and pollution in the state due to rapid industrialization and urbanization. 10/12/2020 The policy proposes to deploy 17,385 MW of renewable power in the state by 2025. Of the 17,385 MW, solar projects of 12,930 MW are proposed, wind capacity of 2,500 MW, cogeneration projects (1,350 MW), small hydro (380 MW), solid waste (200 MW), and 25 MW from new technology-based renewables. There is also a proposal to provide 100,000 agricultural pumps every year to farmers for the next five years.
/web/20201214104141/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1679441 (archive.org)
India National Fossil unconditional PFC and REC to provide INR 85 Billion loan to SJVN’s power project in Bihar Power generation Coal Loan (Hybrid) 1149456331.1119 2020113030/11/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Power Finance Corporation Ltd., Government of India Public finance institution To guarantee the commissioning on time (2023-24) of the thermal power plant and to strengthen the relationship with SJVN 30/11/2020 INR 8,520.46 Crore 85204600000 PFC along with REC Ltd executed a Memorandum of Understanding with SJVN Thermal (P) Ltd (STPL) for extending a term loan of Rs 8,520.46 crore for the 2x660 MW Buxar Thermal Power Project.The Buxar thermal power project is expected to be commissioned in 2023-24. It is expected to generate approximately 9,828 Million Units of energy to meet the future power requirement of Bihar and other states.
/web/20201130114334/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/pfc-rec-to-provide-rs-8520-cr-loan-to-sjvns-power-project-in-bihar/79431113 (archive.org)
India National Clean conditional MoU signed for setting up 5,000 compressed bio-gas plants Mobility Biofuels and waste Other hybrid support measures 2020112020/11/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Government To boost availability of affordable and clean transport fuels 20/11/2020 INR 2 lakh crore As part of the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) initiative, 5000 CBG plants are envisaged by 2023-24 with a production target of 15 MMT. It is expected that SATAT may contribute towards doubling farmer’s income, generate employment for the youth and ensure clean energy for sustainable development. MoUs were signed with energy companies viz. JBM Group, Adani Gas, Torrent Gas and Petronet LNG for setting up of Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) plants, and with technology providers in CBG sectors IndianOil, Praj Industries, CEID Consultants & Bharat Biogas Energy for facilitating availability of technology for the projects. RBI has also included CBG in the priority sector lending framework.
/web/20201123110632/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1674428
/web/20201123112032/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/rs-2-lakh-crore-investment-in-5000-compressed-bio-gas-plants-in-offing/79325402 (archive.org)
India National Fossil conditional India aims to reduce diesel use with LNG retail push Mobility Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2020111818/11/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas Government To reduce emissions and substitute crude oil 18/11/2020 Prime Minister Narendra intends to transform India into a gas-based economy. LNG as a transport fuel has been identified as a priority area in this regard. It holds manifold benefits in terms of reducing vehicular pollution, savings on import bills, besides further wide ranging benefits for fleet operators, vehicle manufacturers and other entities in the gas sector.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201123074331/
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1673998
India Subnational Fossil unconditional Tax waivers for bus operators in Punjab Mobility Multiple fossil Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 13490543.129266 2020110909/11/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Punjab Government As a relief to the COVID-caused crisis 09/11/2020 INR 100 crore 1000000000 Till December 31, all stage carriage, mini and school buses are exempt from Motor Vehicle Tax. Additionally, payment of arrears of taxes will be deferred to March 31, 2021, without interest and penalty.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201109081240/
http://diprpunjab.gov.in/?q=content%2Fpunjab-cm-extends-100-tax-waiver-bus-operators-till-dec-31-defers-payment-arrears-march-31
India Subnational Clean conditional Gujarat’s electric vehicle policy Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020091818/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Gujarat Government To mitigate climate change and deepen the cooperation with state institutions. 18/09/2020 High school and college students who buy electric two-wheelers will get a government subsidy of Rs 12,000, while rickshaw drivers and self-employed persons who purchase electric three-wheelers will get a subsidy of Rs 48,000 per vehicle. Aimed for are 10,000 electric two-wheelers and 5,000 electric three-wheelers in this fiscal year alone.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201109075138/
https://www.saurenergy.com/solar-energy-news/gujarat-government-announces-subsidy-for-electric-vehicles
India Subnational Clean conditional Telangana’s Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage policy Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020103030/10/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Telangana Government To make Telangana a major base for EV and energy storage system sectors 30/10/2020 Until 2030, the first two lakhs of two-wheeler EVs are exempt to 100 per cent from road tax and registration fee, if there were purchases and registered in the state.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201109074245/
https://auto.hindustantimes.com/auto/news/telangana-electric-vehicle-policy-launched-key-highlights-41604042420437.html
India National Clean unconditional MNRE Extends BIS Certification Exemption for Smaller Solar Module Manufacturers With a Condition Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 2020102727/10/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry for New and Renewable Energy Government To protect India's solar manufacturer who have to cope with COVID-worsened production 27/10/2020 MNRE extended the exemption for the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) certification for solar module manufacturers with a production capacity of less than 50 MW. This affects around 80 Indian solar panel manufacturers. This will lasts for as long as the certification (to be obtained before April 2018) by the International Electrotechnical Commission is valid for their products.

https://mnre.gov.in/img/documents/uploads/file_f-1603702874221.pdf

https://web.archive.org/web/20201109073356/
https://mercomindia.com/mnre-extends-bis-exemption/
India National Fossil conditional Coal India initiates five projects to produce methanol from coal (coal-to-liquid-technologies) Multiple sectors Coal Uncategorized 5800933545.5845 2020101010/10/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Coal India Limited SOE To find a cleaner use for coal 10/10/2020 INR 43,000 crore 430000000000 In its latest initiative to find clearner use for coal, state-owned enterprise Coal India and its subsidiaries are in the process of setting up five projects to make methanol, or methyl alcohol, from coal using what is commonly known as CTL (coal-to-liquid) technology. Each of the projects is estimated to cist approximately Rs 6,000 crore. While CTL is the latest technology being deployed, the bid to find cleaner use for coal was launched with a Rs 13,000-crore coal-to-gas, or coal gasification, project in Angul district of Odisha. The gas produced from coal will be used for making urea at the Talcher fetiliser plant in the district.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201012123539/
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/modi-govt-puts-rs-43000-crore-bet-on-decarbonising-coal/articleshow/78594870.cms
India National Fossil unconditional SECL plans 8 projects for improving coal evacuation Resources Coal Uncategorized 418206836.99377 2020101919/10/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation South Eastern Coalfields Limited SOE To reduce the cost of landed price of coal at generators end and retain the foreign exchange. 19/10/2020 INR 3,100 crore 30999999999 Coal India-arm SECL is executing eight 'first mile connectivity' projects with an estimated capital outlay of Rs 3,100 crore to evacuate dry fuel, especially incremental production under the proposed plan to scale up the maharatna firm's output to 1 billion tonnes. The move will also help power plants at farther locations in northern and western regions to avail recently notified rail concessions for distance beyond 1400 km.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201019065411/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/secl-plans-8-projects-worth-rs-3100-crore-for-improving-coal-evacuation/78732180
India National Fossil unconditional IGL supports shift from diesel gensets with natural gas in Delhi and neighboring cities Power generation Gas and gas products Uncategorized 2020102424/10/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage Indraprastha Gas Limited SOE To reduce emissions and prevent air pollution. Also, ensuring continuous supply of power. 24/10/2020 Diesel-run genset users in residential complexes, commercial establishments and industrial units based in Delhi, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad and parts of Gurugram will be offered an appropriate solution to convert their electricity generating units to natural gas by IGL

https://web/20201103052107/
https://iglonline.net/utility/GasBasedGenset.aspx
India Subnational Clean unconditional Delhi Expands Applicability of Virtual Net Metering for Renewable Consumers Other sector Non-applicable (non-energy measure) New or extended regulation (IT... 2020102121/10/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government of Delhi Other To propagate use of solar rooftop panels. 21/10/2020 Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC) has amended its regulations on group net metering and virtual net metering for renewable energy. The amendment says that virtual net metering will be applicable for consumers under the domestic category as well as consumers such as hospitals, colleges, schools, other institutions run or managed by charitable institutions, non-profit organizations, trusts that do not fall under the category of domestic consumers, and renewable energy generators registered under Delhi’s solar program.

https://web.archive.org/web/20201026075038/
https://mercomindia.com/delhi-expands-applicability/
India National Fossil unconditional Gas put under standard bidding route for transparent price discovery Resources Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020101616/10/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Government of India Government To help scale up local production from fields of ONGC, OIL, Reliance and Vedanta and help create a uniform gas market. 16/10/2020 In a big reform initiative, the government decided to put domestically produced gas under a standard price discovery mechanism to help scale up local production from fields of ONGC, OIL, Reliance and Vedanta and help create a uniform gas market. Accordingly, the Union Cabinet approved a standard e-bidding procedure for market-based price discovery of gas across various contractual regimes.

http://petroleum.nic.in/sites/default/files/ngas_Gaznot15102020.pdf

https://web.archive.org/web/20201019142324/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/govt-puts-gas-under-standard-bidding-route-for-transparent-price-discovery-ld/78545114
India International Clean unconditional India offers a line of credit to Sri Lanka for 3 solar projects Power generation Solar Loan (Hybrid) 100000000 2020092626/09/2020 Monetary Electricity generation Government of India Government To cement India's commitment towards a strong and multi-faceted bilateral partnership with Sri Lanka, including in the power sector 100 Million USD 7412600000 The line of credit will cover financing for rooftop solar systems meant for 20,000 households and 1,000 government buildings all across the island. The combined generation capacity of these rooftop systems will be about 60 MW

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/india-offers-100-million-line-of-credit-to-lanka-for-solar-projects/78327563
India National Clean conditional India-Denmark Green Strategic Partnership Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020092929/09/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government of India Government To advance political cooperation, expand economic relations and green growth, create jobs and strengthen cooperation on addressing global challenges and opportunities 29/09/2020 Under the India-Denmark 'Green Strategic Partnership', a joint statement said, the "ambitious goals and actions will be identified within the areas and outlined in an Action Plan that will be worked out and endorsed as soon as possible".

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-denmark-bilateral-meet-marks-establishment-green-strategic-partnership-coronavirus-trade-extradition-1726411-2020-09-29
India National Clean conditional Ministry of Road Transport has allowed the use of H-CNG in CNG engines Multiple sectors Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020092828/09/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Government To adopt alternative clean fuel for transportation 28/09/2020 In a major step toward adopting alternative clean fuel for transportation, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has allowed use of H-CNG (18% mix of hydrogen) in CNG engines.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1659706
India National Clean unconditional NTPC to stop acquiring land for green-field coal based power projects Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020092727/09/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage NTPC limited SOE To reduce its carbon footprint NTPC is looking to reduce its carbon footprint through an aggressive push for renewable energy.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/ntpc-stops-land-acquisition-for-greenfield-coal-based-power-projects/78343346
India National Clean conditional E-buses and charging stations sanctioned under FAME scheme Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2020092525/09/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage Department of Heavy Industries, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Government To promote the use of environmentally friendly transport For e-buses, Maharashtra has got 240, Gujarat has got 250, Goa has got 100 and Chandigarh has got 8025 charging stations have been sanctioned in Kollam, 27 in Thiruvananthapuram and 28 in Malappuram (all in Kerala). Besides, 10 charging stations have been sanctioned in Port Blair and 25 in Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/govt-sanctions-670-electric-buses-241-charging-stations-under-fame-scheme/78312963
India National Fossil unconditional Coal India Limited invests in heavy earth moving equipment Resources Coal Uncategorized 795942044.62672 2020092323/09/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Coal India Limited SOE To bolster coal production and improve age profile of equipment 59000000000 59000000000 Early this year, the company had said it was looking at spending around Rs 7,000 crore on heavy equipment to bolster production. The miner is also planning a capex of Rs 10,000 crore during the current fiscal.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/cil-finalises-rs-5-900-cr-heavy-machinery-contracts-to-bolster-production-120092300988_1.html
India Subnational Other energy Tamil Nadu Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Policy 2020 Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020090707/09/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) State Government of Tamil Nadu Government To increase the state’s electronic output to $100 billion (~₹7.3 trillion) by 2025. 07/09/2020 The target sectors for the policy includes solar photovoltaic cells and LED products among others. The government will formulate a unique package of incentives for the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) units in the micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector. This will include capital subsidy, interest subvention, low tension power tariff subsidy, generator subsidy, assistance for obtaining intellectual property, and assistance in obtaining certifications.

https://mercomindia.com/tamil-nadu-new-electronics-hardware-manufacturing-policy/
India Subnational Other energy Uttarakhand State Fuel Policy Resources Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020062626/06/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board Government To reduce air pollution in the hill state over the next few years 01/03/2024 The policy focuses on which fuel will be allowed as far as industries are concerned. Petroleum coke and furnace oil are likely to be banned in the state by March 2024. Though initially, the plan was to roll out the ban of these pollutants over the next two years, the industry associations demanded relief for an additional two years because of the economic downturn induced by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. SFP allows the use of coal, wood, pine needle, and agricultural waste.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/ueppcb-approves-state-fuel-policy-petcoke-to-be-banned-as-fuel-in-state-by-march-2024/story-JdWXVPlRVgAURolTFEBacK.html
India National Clean unconditional Revised Private Sector Lending guidelines prioritises renewables Resources Multiple renewable Loan (Hybrid) 2020090404/09/2020 Monetary Electricity generation Reserve Bank of India Central bank To align with emerging national priorities and bring sharper focus on inclusive development 04/09/2020 Loans to farmers for installation of solar power plants for solarisation of grid connected agriculture pumps and loans for setting up Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) plants have been included as fresh categories eligible for finance under priority sector. Also, loan limits for renewable energy have been increased (doubled).

https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50310
India National Fossil unconditional South Eastern Coalfields Limited invests in mining technology to ramp up production Resources Coal Uncategorized 196557213.39341 2020082626/08/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation South Eastern Coalfields Limited SOE To ramp up production of coal 26/08/2020 14570000000 14570000000 196557213.39341 A large number of heavy mining machinery has been procured to deploy in its key mines like Gevra, Kushmunda and Dipka to augment output

https://www.coalnet.in/secl-pumps-in-%E2%82%B91457-crores-in-mining-machinery-technology-to-ramp-up-production/
India National Clean conditional Extension of safeguard duty on imports of solar cells and modules from China, Thailand and Vietnam Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020073030/07/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government To incentiviste solar project developers to opt for domestically manufactured cells and modules 30/07/2020 30/07/2021 Extension of safeguard duty of 14.90% imposed from July 30, 2020, to January 29, 2021, and 14.50% from January 30, 2021, to July 29, 2021, for all solar cells and modules imported from the China PR, Thailand, and Vietnam. In July 2018, a safeguard duty was imposed on solar cell and module imports from China and Malaysia, to protect domestic cell and module manufacturers. The duty was set at 25% for the first year, followed by a phased down approach for the second year, with the rate reduced by 5% every six months until it ends in July 2020.

https://mercomindia.com/india-extends-safeguard-duty-solar-imports/ Accessed 11 August 2020
India National Clean unconditional ISTS charges for RE waived until 2023 Power generation Multiple renewable Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020080606/08/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of Power Government To account for COVID-19 disruptions and to incentivise RE developers 06/08/2020 30/06/2023 Extension on waiver of interstate transmission charges granted for power generated from solar and wind power projects until June 30, 2023. This Order had superseded the earlier orders issued in 2016 and 2017. Further, the MoP in its order dated November 2019, had extended the waiver date from date March 31, 2022, to December 31, 2022. No ISTS charges would be levied for 25 years from the date of commissioning of the power plants for the supply and sale to entities having renewable purchase obligations (RPO)

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/govt-grants-ists-waiver-extension-for-solar-wind-projects-until-june-2023/77390466 Accessed 11 August 2020
India Subnational Clean unconditional Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020080707/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Delhi Government To boost Delhi’s economy and reduce pollution levels 07/08/2020 Delhi EV policy aims to ensure 25% of all new vehicle registrations in 2024, are battery EVs. Delhi government will give incentive of up to ₹30,000 for two-wheelers, autos, e-rickshaws and freight vehicles while for cars, it will provide an incentive of up to ₹150000

https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/kejriwal-announces-notification-of-delhi-electric-vehicle-policy/article32293392.ece
India National Clean conditional Solar and Thermal to be bundled to provide 24×7 electricity to distribution companies Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020072828/07/2020 Other Electricity generation Ministry of Power Government 24x7 provision of power from solar power producers at cost competitive rates by allowing bundling with thermal power 28/07/2020 Power generators have to ensure at least 85% availability both annually and during peak hours. Bidders will have to supply at least 51% of the power from renewable sources, which may include supply using storage. Guideline is aimed at helping scale up renewable energy without hurting the grid with intermittent supply.

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/round-the-clock-power-supply-discoms-can-now-bundle-thermal-solar-power-for-24x7-distribution/articleshow/77210961.cms?from=mdr 3 August 2020
India National Clean unconditional “Green Railway” by 2030 (Net Zero Carbon Emission) Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071313/07/2020 Other Several energy stages Ministry of Railways Government Mitigation of global warming, climate change and improving energy efficiency 13/07/2020 Ministry of Railways, with a goal of transforming Indian Railways into Green Railways by 2030 has taken a number of major initiatives towards mitigation of global warming and combating climate change. Railway Electrification, improving energy efficiency of locomotives & trains and fixed installations, green certification for installations/stations, fitting bio toilets in coaches and switching to renewable sources of energy are parts of its strategy of achieving net zero carbon emission.

https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1638269 2 August 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Special Spot e-auction Scheme 2020 for Import Substitution for Coal Importers Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071717/07/2020 Other Electricity generation Coal India Limited SOE To help reduce dependence on imported coal 17/07/2020 Coal India Limited has introduced a new category of spot e-auction for importers only, aimed at replacing 150 million tonnes of coal sourced from abroad with domestic supply. The coal procured under the “special spot e-auction scheme 2020 for import substitution” will be used within the country.

https://www.coalindia.in/DesktopModules/DocumentList/documents/SSEA-IMS%20Scheme%20with%20schedules.pdf Accessed 27 July 2020
https://www.coalindia.in/ourbusiness/specialspote-auctionscheme2020forimportsubstitution.aspx Accessed 27 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Faster monetisation of oil and gas discoveries Resources Oil and gas Uncategorized 2020062525/06/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Directorate General of Hydrocarbons Government Primary: Energy security 25/06/2020 A contractor is now permitted to develop and monetise such early stage discovery/discoveries before completion of appraisal, declaration of commerciality (DoC) and submission of development plan/ Field Development Plan etc. in blocks under exploration period

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/oil-gas/government-permits-faster-monetisation-of-oil-and-gas-discoveries/articleshow/76649079.cms?from=mdr Accessed 20 July 2020
India Subnational Clean unconditional Andhra Pradesh Renewable Energy Export Policy, 2020 Resources Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071717/07/2020 Other Several energy stages Government of Andhra Pradesh Government To facilitate 120 GW renewable energy projects: 1. To facilitate lease of 5 lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state of Andhra Pradesh to renewable energy export project developers. 2. To attract private investments to the State and improve local economy. 3. To promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities in the State. 4. To generate additional revenue to the State Government. 17/07/2020 17/07/2025 The policy is expected to facilitate the lease of five lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state to renewable energy export project developers, to promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities, and to generate additional revenue to the exchequer.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/andhra-pradesh-govt-announces-renewable-energy-export-policy/77028959 Accessed 18 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Domestic natural gas price reduction to its lowest level under the domestic gas pricing regime. Resources Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020033131/03/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance Government 01/04/2020 INR India has reduced the domestic natural gas price to $2.39 per million British thermal units (mmBtu). Also, the ceiling price for gas from difficult fields such as deep water, ultra deep water and high pressure-high temperature areas was reduced to $5.61 per mmBtu from the earlier price of $8.43 per mmBtu. The sharpest price decline till date will help reduce the cost of urea manufacturing, power generation and benefit compressed natural gas (CNG) and piped natural gas (PNG) consumers in the backdrop of global energy prices in a tailspin.

https://www.livemint.com/industry/energy/amid-coronavirus-outbreak-india-reduces-natural-gas-price-to-record-low-11585673501734.html Accessed 8 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Securing oil for Strategic Reserve Resources Oil and oil products Government procurement (DT) 364244664.49019 2020041313/04/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance Government 13/04/2020 INR 27000000000 27000000000 364244664.49019 India is capitalizing on low global oil prices to fill its underground strategic oil reserves of 5.33 million tonne - enough to meet its oil needs for 9.5 days. This led to a forex saving of Rs 5,000 crore.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-08/india-to-buy-up-middle-eastern-oil-for-its-strategic-reserves Accessed 8 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Replacement of imported coal supply with domestic coal Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020051414/05/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government 14/05/2020 INR Coal India Ltd (CIL), which accounts for over 80 per cent of the domestic fuel output, has been mandated by the government to replace at least 100 MT of imports with domestically-produced coal in the ongoing fiscal.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1617419/ Accessed 8 July 2020

https://web.archive.org/web/20200520104713/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/cil-mandated-to-replace-at-least-100-mt-of-imports-with-domestic-coal-in-fy21/75735015
India Subnational Clean unconditional 9-hour free solar power for farmers Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 1200658338.5047 2020061515/06/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Andhra Pradesh Government 15/06/2020 INR 89000000000 The Government of Andhra Pradesh had promised 9 hours of free power during the daytime to farmers, this has been approved, allocating solar power to fulfill this supply requirement. The cabinet had previously approved solar power projects amounting to 10,000 MW capacity for this purpose.

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/go-issued-promising-9-hr-power-to-farmers-solar-energy-to-be-tapped/76397415 Accessed 15 June 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Coal washing requirement for supply to TPPs removed Resources Coal Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020052121/05/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government 21/05/2020 INR MoEFCC amended the Environment Protection Act to drop mandatory washing coal for supply to thermal power plants. The ministry is of the view that the requirement of maintaining an average ash content of 34% prompts industries to import, resulting in an outflow of foreign exchange. The ministry has instead directed thermal power plants to install the technology for handling ash content.

http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2020/219495.pdf Accessed 28 May 2020
India National Other energy Increased borrowing limited for states pegged to power sector reforms (Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan) Power generation Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Loan (Hybrid) 721744057.41575 2020051717/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of Finance in co-ordination with the Ministry of Power Government To help states tackle financial burden of dealing with C-19 issues 17/05/2020 0.25% of each state's GDP = 1/8*INR 4.28 lakh crore 53500000000 Centre has permitted States to exceed their borrowing capacities upto additional net borrowing space of a cumulative 2% of gross state domestic product, or Rs 4.28 lakh crore in FY21, upon satisfying measurable targets in 4 sectors, of which one is power (total of 0.25% GDP state borrowing). 0.1% of GDP borrowing space is linked to reducing AT&C losses of discoms and also reducing the gap between average cost of supply and average revenue realisation (ACS-ARR gap). 0.15% is linked to implementation of Direct Benefit Transfer scheme atleast in one district by December 2020.

https://www.pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1624722 Accessed 20 May 2020

https://www.financialexpress.com/economy/hike-in-borrowing-limit-centre-issues-fresh-advisory-to-states-clarifies-on-riders/1964313/ Accessed 20 May 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Coal India Limited Investment Decision in Coal Transportation Infrastructure Resources Coal Budget or off-budget transfer ... 6745271564.6332 2020051616/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government Primary: To improve efficiency of the coal production system 18/05/2020 INR 500000000000 The allocation is to develop India's coal transportation infrastructure and is a part of the broader plan to support higher domestic production of coal and curtail imports.

https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/AatmaNirbhar%20Bharat%20Full%20Presentation%20Part%204%2016-5-2020.pdf Accessed 18 May 2020

https://www.argusmedia.com/en/news/2106096-india-plans-coal-transportation-infrastructure-boost?backToResults=true&selectedMarket=Coal Accessed 18 May 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Rebates on Coal Extraction Resources Coal Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020051616/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal / Ministry of Finance Government 18/05/2020 Stimulus package offers 50% rebate on revenue payable to the government for coal extraction projects that begin early production or exceed a scheduled target and a 20% reduction for coal gasification projects.

https://coal.nic.in/sites/upload_files/coal/files/curentnotices/PIB-Coal-20052020.pdf Accessed 18 May 2020

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1624536 Accessed 18 May 2020
India National Other energy Liquidity boost for power distribution companies (Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, Tranche 1) Power generation Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 12141488816.34 2020051313/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government 13/05/2020 INR 900000000000 200000000000 2698108625.8533 Distribution companies (DISCOMs) are facing cash-flow problems owing to the delayed payment measures offered to consumers and the overall fall in demand. DISCOMs have also not been able to offtake the cheapest sources of power owing to the Government's directive regarding prioritising certain sources of power, including renewables. This has led to a major strain on DISCOM finances.

https://web.archive.org/web/20200622141835/
https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1624496

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1623601
India National Fossil unconditional Free LPG cylinders under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana to 80000000 beneficiaries of Pradhan Man... Multiple sectors Gas and gas products Underpricing of govt-owned goo... 1753770606.8046 2020032626/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Government To help consumers cope with the economic impacts of Covid-19 01/04/2020 30/09/2020 130000000000 97098600000 1309912851.0914 To provide a clean cooking solution, the government launched the PMUY which gave free LPG connections. So far over 80 million households have been connected via this programme. Due to the national lockdown to prevent the spread of C-19, many rural communities are facing economic hardships. To ease their burden, the government has announced 3 LPG cylinders for free between April-June, 2020 under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana. Each of these cylinders has 14.2 kg of LPG. The scheme was extended to September 2020 to ensure that the beneficiaries are able to avail the free cylinders.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1618345

https://web.archive.org/web/20200515083215/
https://m.economictimes.com/industry/energy/oil-gas/ujjwala-beneficiaries-to-get-3-free-cylinders-till-june/articleshow/74831478.cms
India National Fossil unconditional Commercial Mining of Coal Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020031212/03/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government 12/03/2020 The amendment opens up the coal mining sector to commercial mining by removing the coal end-use restriction (for captive consumption) on private parties. The aim of this amendment is to make cheaper and larger quantities of domestic coal available. It also removes some eligibility restrictions such as prior experience in the sector requirements. UPDATE: 41 coal blocks were listed for commercial auction on June 18th.

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1606090 Accessed on 9 July 2020

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/unleashing-coal-41-mines-on-offer-for-commercial-extraction/76442521 Accessed on 9 July 2020
India National Fossil conditional Excise duty hiked on retail sale of gasoline and diesel Resources Oil and oil products Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020031414/03/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Ministry of Finance Government Primary: To raise state finances to help with the tight fiscal situation 14/03/2020 This policy allows the government to increase excise duty on petrol and diesel by Rs 2 per litre (petrol) and Rs 4 per litre (diesel) to meet unexpected expenses during Covid-19. This was subsequently increased on May 6 by Rs 10 per litre for petrol and Rs 13 per litre for diesel

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/excise-duty-hike-on-petrol-diesel-govt-to-garner-rs-39000-crore/74633623 Accessed 6 April 2020