India

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, countries in India have committed at least USD 23.30 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 9.86 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 12 policies (5 quantified and 7 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 1.30 billion for unconditional clean energy through 8 policies (2 quantified and 6 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (5 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 12.14 billion for other energy through 4 policies (1 quantified and 3 unquantified)
Updated: 14 October 2020


At least

$9.86 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$7.21

Per capita



At least

$1.30 billion

Supporting clean energy

$0.95

Per capita

By energy type, India committed at least USD 2.12 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 2.12 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, India committed at least USD 7.74 billion to coal (at least USD 7.74 billion to unconditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of India through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 14 October 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
India International Clean unconditional India offers a line of credit to Sri Lanka for 3 solar projects Power generation Solar Loan (Hybrid) 100000000 2020092626/09/2020 Monetary Electricity generation Government of India Government To cement India's commitment towards a strong and multi-faceted bilateral partnership with Sri Lanka, including in the power sector 100 Million USD 7412600000 The line of credit will cover financing for rooftop solar systems meant for 20,000 households and 1,000 government buildings all across the island. The combined generation capacity of these rooftop systems will be about 60 MW
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/india-offers-100-million-line-of-credit-to-lanka-for-solar-projects/78327563
India National Clean conditional India-Denmark Green Strategic Partnership Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020092929/09/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Government of India Government To advance political cooperation, expand economic relations and green growth, create jobs and strengthen cooperation on addressing global challenges and opportunities 29/09/2020 Under the India-Denmark 'Green Strategic Partnership', a joint statement said, the "ambitious goals and actions will be identified within the areas and outlined in an Action Plan that will be worked out and endorsed as soon as possible".
https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-denmark-bilateral-meet-marks-establishment-green-strategic-partnership-coronavirus-trade-extradition-1726411-2020-09-29
India National Clean conditional Ministry of Road Transport has allowed the use of H-CNG in CNG engines Multiple sectors Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020092828/09/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage Ministry of Road Transport and Highways Government To adopt alternative clean fuel for transportation 28/09/2020 In a major step toward adopting alternative clean fuel for transportation, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has allowed use of H-CNG (18% mix of hydrogen) in CNG engines.
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1659706
India National Clean unconditional NTPC to stop acquiring land for green-field coal based power projects Power generation Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020092727/09/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage NTPC limited SOE To reduce its carbon footprint NTPC is looking to reduce its carbon footprint through an aggressive push for renewable energy.
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/ntpc-stops-land-acquisition-for-greenfield-coal-based-power-projects/78343346
India National Clean conditional E-buses and charging stations sanctioned under FAME scheme Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2020092525/09/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage Department of Heavy Industries, Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Government To promote the use of environmentally friendly transport For e-buses, Maharashtra has got 240, Gujarat has got 250, Goa has got 100 and Chandigarh has got 8025 charging stations have been sanctioned in Kollam, 27 in Thiruvananthapuram and 28 in Malappuram (all in Kerala). Besides, 10 charging stations have been sanctioned in Port Blair and 25 in Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu.
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/power/govt-sanctions-670-electric-buses-241-charging-stations-under-fame-scheme/78312963
India National Fossil unconditional Coal India Limited invests in heavy earth moving equipment Resources Coal Uncategorized 795942044.62672 2020092323/09/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Coal India Limited SOE To bolster coal production and improve age profile of equipment 59000000000 59000000000 Early this year, the company had said it was looking at spending around Rs 7,000 crore on heavy equipment to bolster production. The miner is also planning a capex of Rs 10,000 crore during the current fiscal.
https://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/cil-finalises-rs-5-900-cr-heavy-machinery-contracts-to-bolster-production-120092300988_1.html
India Subnational Other energy Tamil Nadu Electronics Hardware Manufacturing Policy 2020 Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020090707/09/2020 Other Non-applicable (non-energy measure) State Government of Tamil Nadu Government To increase the state’s electronic output to $100 billion (~₹7.3 trillion) by 2025. 07/09/2020 The target sectors for the policy includes solar photovoltaic cells and LED products among others. The government will formulate a unique package of incentives for the Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) units in the micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector. This will include capital subsidy, interest subvention, low tension power tariff subsidy, generator subsidy, assistance for obtaining intellectual property, and assistance in obtaining certifications.
https://mercomindia.com/tamil-nadu-new-electronics-hardware-manufacturing-policy/
India Subnational Other energy Uttarakhand State Fuel Policy Resources Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020062626/06/2020 Other Reduced environmental damage Uttarakhand Environment Protection and Pollution Control Board Government To reduce air pollution in the hill state over the next few years 01/03/2024 The policy focuses on which fuel will be allowed as far as industries are concerned. Petroleum coke and furnace oil are likely to be banned in the state by March 2024. Though initially, the plan was to roll out the ban of these pollutants over the next two years, the industry associations demanded relief for an additional two years because of the economic downturn induced by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. SFP allows the use of coal, wood, pine needle, and agricultural waste.
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/ueppcb-approves-state-fuel-policy-petcoke-to-be-banned-as-fuel-in-state-by-march-2024/story-JdWXVPlRVgAURolTFEBacK.html
India National Clean unconditional Revised Private Sector Lending guidelines prioritises renewables Resources Multiple renewable Loan (Hybrid) 2020090404/09/2020 Monetary Electricity generation Reserve Bank of India Central bank To align with emerging national priorities and bring sharper focus on inclusive development 04/09/2020 Loans to farmers for installation of solar power plants for solarisation of grid connected agriculture pumps and loans for setting up Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) plants have been included as fresh categories eligible for finance under priority sector. Also, loan limits for renewable energy have been increased (doubled).
https://www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS_PressReleaseDisplay.aspx?prid=50310
India National Fossil unconditional South Eastern Coalfields Limited invests in mining technology to ramp up production Resources Coal Uncategorized 196557213.39341 2020082626/08/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation South Eastern Coalfields Limited SOE To ramp up production of coal 26/08/2020 14570000000 A large number of heavy mining machinery has been procured to deploy in its key mines like Gevra, Kushmunda and Dipka to augment output
https://www.coalnet.in/secl-pumps-in-%E2%82%B91457-crores-in-mining-machinery-technology-to-ramp-up-production/
India National Clean conditional Extension of safeguard duty on imports of solar cells and modules from China, Thailand and Vietnam Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020073030/07/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government To incentiviste solar project developers to opt for domestically manufactured cells and modules 30/07/2020 Extension of safeguard duty of 14.90% imposed from July 30, 2020, to January 29, 2021, and 14.50% from January 30, 2021, to July 29, 2021, for all solar cells and modules imported from the China PR, Thailand, and Vietnam. In July 2018, a safeguard duty was imposed on solar cell and module imports from China and Malaysia, to protect domestic cell and module manufacturers. The duty was set at 25% for the first year, followed by a phased down approach for the second year, with the rate reduced by 5% every six months until it ends in July 2020.
https://mercomindia.com/india-extends-safeguard-duty-solar-imports/ Accessed 11 August 2020
India National Clean unconditional ISTS charges for RE waived until 2023 Power generation Multiple renewable Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020080606/08/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of Power Government To account for COVID-19 disruptions and to incentivise RE developers 06/08/2020 30/06/2023 Extension on waiver of interstate transmission charges granted for power generated from solar and wind power projects until June 30, 2023. This Order had superseded the earlier orders issued in 2016 and 2017. Further, the MoP in its order dated November 2019, had extended the waiver date from date March 31, 2022, to December 31, 2022. No ISTS charges would be levied for 25 years from the date of commissioning of the power plants for the supply and sale to entities having renewable purchase obligations (RPO)
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/govt-grants-ists-waiver-extension-for-solar-wind-projects-until-june-2023/77390466 Accessed 11 August 2020
India Subnational Clean unconditional Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020080707/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Delhi Government To boost Delhi’s economy and reduce pollution levels 07/08/2020 Delhi EV policy aims to ensure 25% of all new vehicle registrations in 2024, are battery EVs. Delhi government will give incentive of up to ₹30,000 for two-wheelers, autos, e-rickshaws and freight vehicles while for cars, it will provide an incentive of up to ₹150000
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/kejriwal-announces-notification-of-delhi-electric-vehicle-policy/article32293392.ece
India National Clean conditional Solar and Thermal to be bundled to provide 24×7 electricity to distribution companies Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020072828/07/2020 Other Electricity generation Ministry of Power Government 24x7 provision of power from solar power producers at cost competitive rates by allowing bundling with thermal power 28/07/2020 Power generators have to ensure at least 85% availability both annually and during peak hours. Bidders will have to supply at least 51% of the power from renewable sources, which may include supply using storage. Guideline is aimed at helping scale up renewable energy without hurting the grid with intermittent supply.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/round-the-clock-power-supply-discoms-can-now-bundle-thermal-solar-power-for-24x7-distribution/articleshow/77210961.cms?from=mdr 3 August 2020
India National Clean unconditional “Green Railway” by 2030 (Net Zero Carbon Emission) Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071313/07/2020 Other Several energy stages Ministry of Railways Government Mitigation of global warming, climate change and improving energy efficiency 13/07/2020 Ministry of Railways, with a goal of transforming Indian Railways into Green Railways by 2030 has taken a number of major initiatives towards mitigation of global warming and combating climate change. Railway Electrification, improving energy efficiency of locomotives & trains and fixed installations, green certification for installations/stations, fitting bio toilets in coaches and switching to renewable sources of energy are parts of its strategy of achieving net zero carbon emission.
https://www.pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1638269 2 August 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Special Spot e-auction Scheme 2020 for Import Substitution for Coal Importers Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071717/07/2020 Other Electricity generation Coal India Limited SOE To help reduce dependence on imported coal 17/07/2020 Coal India Limited has introduced a new category of spot e-auction for importers only, aimed at replacing 150 million tonnes of coal sourced from abroad with domestic supply. The coal procured under the “special spot e-auction scheme 2020 for import substitution” will be used within the country.
https://www.coalindia.in/DesktopModules/DocumentList/documents/SSEA-IMS%20Scheme%20with%20schedules.pdf Accessed 27 July 2020
https://www.coalindia.in/ourbusiness/specialspote-auctionscheme2020forimportsubstitution.aspx Accessed 27 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Faster monetisation of oil and gas discoveries Resources Oil and gas Uncategorized 2020062525/06/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Directorate General of Hydrocarbons Government Primary: Energy security 25/06/2020 A contractor is now permitted to develop and monetise such early stage discovery/discoveries before completion of appraisal, declaration of commerciality (DoC) and submission of development plan/ Field Development Plan etc. in blocks under exploration period
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/oil-gas/government-permits-faster-monetisation-of-oil-and-gas-discoveries/articleshow/76649079.cms?from=mdr Accessed 20 July 2020
India Subnational Clean unconditional Andhra Pradesh Renewable Energy Export Policy, 2020 Resources Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020071717/07/2020 Other Several energy stages Government of Andhra Pradesh Government To facilitate 120 GW renewable energy projects: 1. To facilitate lease of 5 lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state of Andhra Pradesh to renewable energy export project developers. 2. To attract private investments to the State and improve local economy. 3. To promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities in the State. 4. To generate additional revenue to the State Government. 17/07/2020 17/07/2025 The policy is expected to facilitate the lease of five lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state to renewable energy export project developers, to promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities, and to generate additional revenue to the exchequer.
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/andhra-pradesh-govt-announces-renewable-energy-export-policy/77028959 Accessed 18 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Domestic natural gas price reduction to its lowest level under the domestic gas pricing regime. Resources Gas and gas products New or extended regulation (IT... 2020033131/03/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance Government 01/04/2020 INR India has reduced the domestic natural gas price to $2.39 per million British thermal units (mmBtu). Also, the ceiling price for gas from difficult fields such as deep water, ultra deep water and high pressure-high temperature areas was reduced to $5.61 per mmBtu from the earlier price of $8.43 per mmBtu. The sharpest price decline till date will help reduce the cost of urea manufacturing, power generation and benefit compressed natural gas (CNG) and piped natural gas (PNG) consumers in the backdrop of global energy prices in a tailspin.
https://www.livemint.com/industry/energy/amid-coronavirus-outbreak-india-reduces-natural-gas-price-to-record-low-11585673501734.html Accessed 8 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Securing oil for Strategic Reserve Resources Oil and oil products Government procurement (DT) 364244664.49019 2020041313/04/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance Government 13/04/2020 INR 27000000000 7000000000 94433801.904865 India is capitalizing on low global oil prices to fill its underground strategic oil reserves of 5.33 million tonne - enough to meet its oil needs for 9.5 days.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-04-08/india-to-buy-up-middle-eastern-oil-for-its-strategic-reserves Accessed 8 July 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Replacement of imported coal supply with domestic coal Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020051414/05/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government 14/05/2020 INR Coal India Ltd (CIL), which accounts for over 80 per cent of the domestic fuel output, has been mandated by the government to replace at least 100 MT of imports with domestically-produced coal in the ongoing fiscal.
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1617419/ Accessed 8 July 2020

https://web.archive.org/web/20200520104713/
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/cil-mandated-to-replace-at-least-100-mt-of-imports-with-domestic-coal-in-fy21/75735015
India Subnational Clean unconditional 9-hour free solar power for farmers Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 1200658338.5047 2020061515/06/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Andhra Pradesh Government 15/06/2020 INR 89000000000 The Government of Andhra Pradesh had promised 9 hours of free power during the daytime to farmers, this has been approved, allocating solar power to fulfill this supply requirement. The cabinet had previously approved solar power projects amounting to 10,000 MW capacity for this purpose.
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/renewable/go-issued-promising-9-hr-power-to-farmers-solar-energy-to-be-tapped/76397415 Accessed 15 June 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Coal washing requirement for supply to TPPs removed Resources Coal Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020052121/05/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government 21/05/2020 INR MoEFCC amended the Environment Protection Act to drop mandatory washing coal for supply to thermal power plants. The ministry is of the view that the requirement of maintaining an average ash content of 34% prompts industries to import, resulting in an outflow of foreign exchange. The ministry has instead directed thermal power plants to install the technology for handling ash content.
http://egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2020/219495.pdf Accessed 28 May 2020
India National Other energy Increased borrowing limited for states pegged to power sector reforms (Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan) Power generation Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Loan (Hybrid) 2020051717/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Ministry of Finance in co-ordination with the Ministry of Power Government To help states tackle financial burden of dealing with C-19 issues 17/05/2020 Centre has permitted States to exceed their borrowing capacities upto additional net borrowing space of a cumulative 2% of gross state domestic product, or Rs 4.28 lakh crore in FY21, upon satisfying measurable targets in 4 sectors, of which one is power (total of 0.25% GDP state borrowing). 0.1% of GDP borrowing space is linked to reducing AT&C losses of discoms and also reducing the gap between average cost of supply and average revenue realisation (ACS-ARR gap). 0.15% is linked to implementation of Direct Benefit Transfer scheme atleast in one district by December 2020.
https://www.pib.nic.in/PressReleseDetail.aspx?PRID=1624722 Accessed 20 May 2020

https://www.financialexpress.com/economy/hike-in-borrowing-limit-centre-issues-fresh-advisory-to-states-clarifies-on-riders/1964313/ Accessed 20 May 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Coal India Limited Investment Decision in Coal Transportation Infrastructure Resources Coal Budget or off-budget transfer ... 6745271564.6332 2020051616/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government Primary: To improve efficiency of the coal production system 18/05/2020 INR 500000000000 The allocation is to develop India's coal transportation infrastructure and is a part of the broader plan to support higher domestic production of coal and curtail imports.
https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/AatmaNirbhar%20Bharat%20Full%20Presentation%20Part%204%2016-5-2020.pdf Accessed 18 May 2020

https://www.argusmedia.com/en/news/2106096-india-plans-coal-transportation-infrastructure-boost?backToResults=true&selectedMarket=Coal Accessed 18 May 2020
India National Fossil unconditional Rebates on Coal Extraction Resources Coal Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020051616/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal / Ministry of Finance Government 18/05/2020 Stimulus package offers 50% rebate on revenue payable to the government for coal extraction projects that begin early production or exceed a scheduled target and a 20% reduction for coal gasification projects.
https://coal.nic.in/sites/upload_files/coal/files/curentnotices/PIB-Coal-20052020.pdf Accessed 18 May 2020

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1624536 Accessed 18 May 2020
India National Other energy Liquidity boost for power distribution companies Power generation Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 12141488816.34 2020051313/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Ministry of Finance Government 13/05/2020 INR 900000000000 Distribution companies (DISCOMs) are facing cash-flow problems owing to the delayed payment measures offered to consumers and the overall fall in demand. DISCOMs have also not been able to offtake the cheapest sources of power owing to the Government's directive regarding prioritising certain sources of power, including renewables. This has led to a major strain on DISCOM finances.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200622141835/
https://pib.gov.in/Pressreleaseshare.aspx?PRID=1624496

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleseDetailm.aspx?PRID=1623601
India National Fossil unconditional Free LPG cylinders under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana to 8,00,00,000 beneficiaries of Pradhan ... Multiple sectors Gas and gas products Underpricing of govt-owned goo... 1753770606.8046 2020032626/03/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas Government To help consumers cope with the economic impacts of Covid-19 01/04/2020 30/09/2020 130000000000 97098600000 1309912851.0914 To provide clean cooking solution, the government launched the PMUY which gave free LPG connections. So far over 80 million households have been connected via this programme. Due to the national lockdown to prevent the spread of C-19, many rural communities are facing economic hardships. To ease their burden, the government has announced 3 LPG cylinders for free between April-June, 2020 under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana. Each of these cylinders have 14.2 kg of LPG. The scheme has been extended by three months to ensure that the beneficiaries are able to avail the free cylinders.
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1618345

https://web.archive.org/web/20200515083215/
https://m.economictimes.com/industry/energy/oil-gas/ujjwala-beneficiaries-to-get-3-free-cylinders-till-june/articleshow/74831478.cms
India National Fossil unconditional Commercial Mining of Coal Resources Coal New or extended regulation (IT... 2020031212/03/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Ministry of Coal Government 12/03/2020 The amendment opens up the coal mining sector to commercial mining by removing the coal end-use restriction (for captive consumption) on private parties. The aim of this amendment is to make cheaper and larger quantities of domestic coal available. It also removes some eligibility restrictions such as prior experience in the sector requirements. UPDATE: 41 coal blocks were listed for commercial auction on June 18th.
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1606090 Accessed on 9 July 2020

https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/unleashing-coal-41-mines-on-offer-for-commercial-extraction/76442521 Accessed on 9 July 2020
India National Fossil conditional Excise duty hiked on retail sale of gasoline and diesel Resources Oil and oil products Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020031414/03/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Ministry of Finance Government Primary: To raise state finances to help with the tight fiscal situation 14/03/2020 This policy allows the government to increase excise duty on petrol and diesel by Rs 2 per litre (petrol) and Rs 4 per litre (diesel) to meet unexpected expenses during Covid-19. This was subsequently increased on May 6 by Rs 10 per litre for petrol and Rs 13 per litre for diesel
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/oil-and-gas/excise-duty-hike-on-petrol-diesel-govt-to-garner-rs-39000-crore/74633623 Accessed 6 April 2020