Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, India has committed at least USD 22.30 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:
- At least USD 8.90 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 10 policies (3 quantified and 7 unquantified)
- Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
- At least USD 1.21 billion for unconditional clean energy through 5 policies (1 quantified and 4 unquantified)
- Some public money committed for conditional clean energy (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
- At least USD 12.19 billion for other energy through 2 policies (1 quantified and 1 unquantified)
Supporting fossil fuel energy
Supporting clean energy
By energy type, India committed at least USD 2.13 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 2.13 billion to unconditional oil and gas).
In addition, India committed at least USD 6.77 billion to coal (at least USD 6.77 billion to unconditional coal).
Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.
Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.
A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of India through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.
These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.
Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 12 August 2020
|Read more||Jurisdiction||Category||Policy name||Policy type||Sector||Energy type||Stage||Mechanism||Legislation and endorsing agency||Arm of Government||Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy||Date of entry into force||Implemented repeal date, if any||Value as stated (specify currency)||Value committed, national currency||Value committed, USD||Value disbursed, national currency||Date of announcement||Value disbursed, USD||Policy background||Links to official sources||Links to additional sources|
|National||clean conditional||Extension of safeguard duty on imports of solar cells and modules from China, Thailand and Vietnam||Fiscal||Multiple sectors||Multiple renewable||Electricity generation||Tax or royalty or govt fee break (GRF)||Ministry of Finance||Government||To incentiviste solar project developers to opt for domestically manufactured cells and modules||30/07/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||30/07/2020||Unquantified||Extension of safeguard duty of 14.90% imposed from July 30, 2020, to January 29, 2021, and 14.50% from January 30, 2021, to July 29, 2021, for all solar cells and modules imported from the China PR, Thailand, and Vietnam. In July 2018, a safeguard duty was imposed on solar cell and module imports from China and Malaysia, to protect domestic cell and module manufacturers. The duty was set at 25% for the first year, followed by a phased down approach for the second year, with the rate reduced by 5% every six months until it ends in July 2020.||
|National||clean unconditional||ISTS charges for RE waived until 2023||Fiscal||Power generation||Multiple renewable||Electricity storage or transmission or distribution||Regulatory rollback or non-govt fee break or waiver (IT)||Ministry of Power||Government||To account for COVID-19 disruptions and to incentivise RE developers||06/08/2020||30/06/2023||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||06/08/2020||Unquantified||Extension on waiver of interstate transmission charges granted for power generated from solar and wind power projects until June 30, 2023. This Order had superseded the earlier orders issued in 2016 and 2017. Further, the MoP in its order dated November 2019, had extended the waiver date from date March 31, 2022, to December 31, 2022. No ISTS charges would be levied for 25 years from the date of commissioning of the power plants for the supply and sale to entities having renewable purchase obligations (RPO)||
|Subnational||clean unconditional||Delhi Electric Vehicles Policy||Fiscal||Mobility||Multiple energy types||Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc)||New or extended regulation (IT)||Government of Delhi||Government||To boost Delhi’s economy and reduce pollution levels||07/08/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||07/08/2020||Unquantified||Delhi EV policy aims to ensure 25% of all new vehicle registrations in 2024, are battery EVs. Delhi government will give incentive of up to ₹30,000 for two-wheelers, autos, e-rickshaws and freight vehicles while for cars, it will provide an incentive of up to ₹150000||
|National||clean conditional||Solar and Thermal to be bundled to provide 24×7 electricity to distribution companies||Other||Power generation||Multiple energy types||Electricity generation||New or extended regulation (IT)||Ministry of Power||Government||24x7 provision of power from solar power producers at cost competitive rates by allowing bundling with thermal power||28/07/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||28/07/2020||Unquantified||Power generators have to ensure at least 85% availability both annually and during peak hours. Bidders will have to supply at least 51% of the power from renewable sources, which may include supply using storage. Guideline is aimed at helping scale up renewable energy without hurting the grid with intermittent supply.||
|National||clean unconditional||“Green Railway” by 2030 (Net Zero Carbon Emission)||Other||Mobility||Multiple energy types||Several energy stages||New or extended regulation (IT)||Ministry of Railways||Government||Mitigation of global warming, climate change and improving energy efficiency||13/07/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||13/07/2020||Unquantified||Ministry of Railways, with a goal of transforming Indian Railways into Green Railways by 2030 has taken a number of major initiatives towards mitigation of global warming and combating climate change. Railway Electrification, improving energy efficiency of locomotives & trains and fixed installations, green certification for installations/stations, fitting bio toilets in coaches and switching to renewable sources of energy are parts of its strategy of achieving net zero carbon emission.||
|national||fossil unconditional||Special Spot e-auction Scheme 2020 for Import Substitution for Coal Importers||Other||Resources||Coal||Electricity generation||New or extended regulation (IT)||Coal India Limited||SOE||To help reduce dependence on imported coal||17/07/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||17/07/2020||Unquantified||Coal India Limited has introduced a new category of spot e-auction for importers only, aimed at replacing 150 million tonnes of coal sourced from abroad with domestic supply. The coal procured under the “special spot e-auction scheme 2020 for import substitution” will be used within the country.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Faster monetisation of oil and gas discoveries||Other||Resources||Oil and gas||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Uncategorized||Directorate General of Hydrocarbons||Government||Primary: Energy security||25/06/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||25/06/2020||Unquantified||A contractor is now permitted to develop and monetise such early stage discovery/discoveries before completion of appraisal, declaration of commerciality (DoC) and submission of development plan/ Field Development Plan etc. in blocks under exploration period||
|Subnational||clean unconditional||Andhra Pradesh Renewable Energy Export Policy, 2020||Other||Resources||Multiple renewable||Several energy stages||New or extended regulation (IT)||Government of Andhra Pradesh||Government||To facilitate 120 GW renewable energy projects: 1. To facilitate lease of 5 lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state of Andhra Pradesh to renewable energy export project developers. 2. To attract private investments to the State and improve local economy. 3. To promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities in the State. 4. To generate additional revenue to the State Government.||17/07/2020||17/07/2025||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||17/07/2020||Unquantified||The policy is expected to facilitate the lease of five lakh (5,00,000) acres of potential land in the state to renewable energy export project developers, to promote setting up of renewable energy equipment manufacturing facilities, and to generate additional revenue to the exchequer.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Domestic natural gas price reduction to its lowest level under the domestic gas pricing regime.||Other||Resources||Gas and gas products||Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc)||New or extended regulation (IT)||Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance||Government||01/04/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||31/03/2020||Unquantified||India has reduced the domestic natural gas price to $2.39 per million British thermal units (mmBtu). Also, the ceiling price for gas from difficult fields such as deep water, ultra deep water and high pressure-high temperature areas was reduced to $5.61 per mmBtu from the earlier price of $8.43 per mmBtu. The sharpest price decline till date will help reduce the cost of urea manufacturing, power generation and benefit compressed natural gas (CNG) and piped natural gas (PNG) consumers in the backdrop of global energy prices in a tailspin.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Securing oil for Strategic Reserve||Other||Resources||Oil and oil products||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Government procurement (DT)||Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Ministry of Finance||Government||13/04/2020||INR||27.00 billion||365804092||7000000000||13/04/2020||94838098||India is capitalizing on low global oil prices to fill its underground strategic oil reserves of 5.33 million tonne - enough to meet its oil needs for 9.5 days.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Replacement of imported coal supply with domestic coal||Other||Resources||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||New or extended regulation (IT)||Ministry of Coal||Government||14/05/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||14/05/2020||Unquantified||Coal India Ltd (CIL), which accounts for over 80 per cent of the domestic fuel output, has been mandated by the government to replace at least 100 MT of imports with domestically-produced coal in the ongoing fiscal.||
|Subnational||clean unconditional||9-hour free solar power for farmers||Other||Power generation||Solar||Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc)||New or extended regulation (IT)||Government of Andhra Pradesh||Government||15/06/2020||INR||89.00 billion||1205798673||Unquantified||15/06/2020||Unquantified||The Government of Andhra Pradesh had promised 9 hours of free power during the daytime to farmers, this has been approved, allocating solar power to fulfill this supply requirement. The cabinet had previously approved solar power projects amounting to 10,000 MW capacity for this purpose.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Coal washing requirement for supply to TPPs removed||Other||Resources||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Regulatory rollback or non-govt fee break or waiver (IT)||Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change||Government||21/05/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||21/05/2020||Unquantified||MoEFCC amended the Environment Protection Act to drop mandatory washing coal for supply to thermal power plants. The ministry is of the view that the requirement of maintaining an average ash content of 34% prompts industries to import, resulting in an outflow of foreign exchange. The ministry has instead directed thermal power plants to install the technology for handling ash content.||
|National||other energy||Increased borrowing limited for states pegged to power sector reforms||Fiscal||Power generation||Multiple energy types||Several energy stages||Budget or off-budget transfer (DT)||Ministry of Finance in co-ordination with the Ministry of Power||Government||to encourage Indian states to implement reforms in 4 sectors, of which one is power generation and distribution||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||11/11/1111||Unquantified||Centre has permitted States to exceed their borrowing capacities upto additional net borrowing space of a cumulative 2% of gross state domestic product, or Rs 4.28 lakh crore in FY21, upon satisfying measurable targets in 4 sectors, of which one is power (total of 0.25% GDP state borrowing). 0.1% of GDP borrowing space is linked to reducing AT&C losses of discoms and also reducing the gap between average cost of supply and average revenue realisation (ACS-ARR gap). 0.15% is linked to implementation of Direct Benefit Transfer scheme atleast in one district by December 2020.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Coal India Limited Investment Decision in Coal Transportation Infrastructure||Fiscal||Resources||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Budget or off-budget transfer (DT)||Ministry of Coal||Government||Primary: To improve efficiency of the coal production system||18/05/2020||INR||500.00 billion||6774149845||Unquantified||16/05/2020||Unquantified||The allocation is to develop India's coal transportation infrastructure and is a part of the broader plan to support higher domestic production of coal and curtail imports.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Rebates on Coal Extraction||Fiscal||Resources||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||Tax or royalty or govt fee break (GRF)||Ministry of Coal / Ministry of Finance||Government||18/05/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||16/05/2020||Unquantified||Stimulus package offers 50% rebate on revenue payable to the government for coal extraction projects that begin early production or exceed a scheduled target and a 20% reduction for coal gasification projects.||
|National||other energy||Liquidity boost for power distribution companies||Fiscal||Power generation||Multiple energy types||Electricity generation||Budget or off-budget transfer (DT)||Ministry of Finance||Government||INR||900.00 billion||12193469720||Unquantified||11/11/1111||Unquantified||Distribution companies (DISCOMs) are facing cash-flow problems owing to the delayed payment measures offered to consumers and the overall fall in demand. DISCOMs have also not been able to offtake the cheapest sources of power owing to the Government's directive regarding prioritising certain sources of power, including renewables. This has led to a major strain on DISCOM finances.||
|National||fossil unconditional||Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (three free LPG cylinders)||Fiscal||Multiple sectors||Gas and gas products||Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc)||Fossil fuel subsidy reform||Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas||Government||01/04/2020||INR||130.00 billion||1761278960||Unquantified||26/03/2020||Unquantified||To provide clean cooking solution, the government launched the PMUY which gave free LPG connections. So far over 80 million households have been connected via this programme. Due to the national lockdown to prevent the spread of C-19, many rural communities are facing economic hardships. To ease their burden, the government has announce 3 LPG cylinders for free between April-June, 2020. Each of these cylinders have 14.2 kg of LPG.||
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1618345 Last accessed on 9 July 2020
|National||fossil unconditional||Commercial Mining of Coal||Other||Resources||Coal||Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation||New or extended regulation (IT)||Ministry of Coal||Government||12/03/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||12/03/2020||Unquantified||The amendment opens up the coal mining sector to commercial mining by removing the coal end-use restriction (for captive consumption) on private parties. The aim of this amendment is to make cheaper and larger quantities of domestic coal available. It also removes some eligibility restrictions such as prior experience in the sector requirements. UPDATE: 41 coal blocks were listed for commercial auction on June 18th.||
https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1606090 Accessed on 9 July 2020
https://energy.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/coal/unleashing-coal-41-mines-on-offer-for-commercial-extraction/76442521 Accessed on 9 July 2020
|National||fossil conditional||Excise duty hiked on retail sale of gasoline and diesel||Fiscal||Resources||Oil and oil products||Several energy stages||Tax or royalty or govt fee break (GRF)||Ministry of Finance||Government||Primary: To raise state finances to help with the tight fiscal situation||14/03/2020||INR||Unquantified||0||Unquantified||14/03/2020||Unquantified||This policy allows the government to increase excise duty on petrol and diesel by Rs 2 per litre (petrol) and Rs 4 per litre (diesel) to meet unexpected expenses during Covid-19. This was subsequently increased on May 6 by Rs 10 per litre for petrol and Rs 13 per litre for diesel||