United Kingdom

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, United Kingdom has committed at least USD 22.93 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 4.82 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 9 policies (9 quantified)
  • At least USD 78.09 million for conditional fossil fuels through 1 policy (1 quantified)
  • At least USD 10.50 billion for unconditional clean energy through 9 policies (7 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • At least USD 3.57 billion for conditional clean energy through 5 policies (4 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 3.97 billion for other energy through 4 policies (3 quantified and 1 unquantified)
Updated: 12 August 2020

At least

$4.90 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy


Per capita

At least

$14.07 billion

Supporting clean energy


Per capita

By energy type, United Kingdom committed at least USD 4.06 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 4.06 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, United Kingdom committed at least USD 78.09 million to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 78.09 million to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of United Kingdom through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 12 August 2020