United Kingdom

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, United Kingdom has committed at least USD 67.16 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 39.33 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 12 policies (10 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • At least USD 1.46 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 4 policies (4 quantified)
  • At least USD 14.40 billion for unconditional clean energy through 22 policies (14 quantified and 8 unquantified)
  • At least USD 7.11 billion for conditional clean energy through 11 policies (6 quantified and 5 unquantified)
  • At least USD 4.87 billion for other energy through 10 policies (7 quantified and 3 unquantified)

By energy type, United Kingdom committed at least USD 38.66 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 38.57 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 92.57 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, some public money committed for coal (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, United Kingdom committed at least USD 78.09 million to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 78.09 million to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of United Kingdom through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Updated: 20 January 2021


At least

$40.78 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$610.19

Per capita



At least

$21.51 billion

Supporting clean energy

$321.83

Per capita

United Kingdom

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, United Kingdom has committed at least USD 67.16 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 39.33 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 12 policies (10 quantified and 2 unquantified)
  • At least USD 1.46 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 4 policies (4 quantified)
  • At least USD 14.40 billion for unconditional clean energy through 22 policies (14 quantified and 8 unquantified)
  • At least USD 7.11 billion for conditional clean energy through 11 policies (6 quantified and 5 unquantified)
  • At least USD 4.87 billion for other energy through 10 policies (7 quantified and 3 unquantified)

By energy type, United Kingdom committed at least USD 38.66 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 38.57 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 92.57 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, some public money committed for coal (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, United Kingdom committed at least USD 78.09 million to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 78.09 million to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of United Kingdom through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 20 January 2021

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
United Kingdom Newcastle City Council Fossil unconditional Newcastle City Council blocks Dewley Hill coal mine Resources Coal Uncategorized 2020121818/12/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Newcastle City Council Government To ensure compliance with the UK's climate targets 18/12/2020 An application to turn more than 250 acres of greenbelt land near Newcastle into an opencast coal mine was blocked on 18 December 2020 by the Newcastle City Council. The application for the Dewley Hill coal mine project was submitted earlier in 2020 by Banks Mining, which argued that the project would provide essential fuel to the UK’s steel and cement sector. Its plans were built around extracting up to 800,000 tonnes of coal and 400,000 tonnes of fireclay each year.Banks Mining also pointed to the job creation potential of the project amid the backdrop of Covid-19. It argued that the mine would create 200 full-time equivalent roles for the local area. Newcastle City Council, however, concluded that the project was not compatible with the UK’s climate targets or its own commitment to net-zero by 2030 and the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Moreover, the UK Government has enshrined in law a commitment to stop the use of thermal coal power plants by 2024 – a deadline recently brought forward from 2025. The ban does not apply to the materials sectors Banks Mining was intending to supply, but there is the risk that legislation will become tighter in the near future.

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/dec/18/newcastle-councillors-reject-plans-for-opencast-coal-mine
https://www.edie.net/news/11/Dewey-Hill--Newcastle-City-Council-blocks-controversial-coal-mine/
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional Update to the Scottish Climate Change Plan 2018–2032: commitment to reduce emissions by 75% by 203... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020121616/12/2020 Other Several energy stages Scottish Government Government To secure a a green recovery on a path to net zero In February 2018, the Scottish Government published the ‘Climate Change Plan: the Third Report on Policies and Proposals: 2018- 2032’. In response to the global climate emergency, the Scottish Government brought forward primary legislation to amend Scotland’s emissions reduction targets. In October 2019, the Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019 received Royal Assent and was commenced in March 2020, setting annual and interim emissions reduction targets for Scotland, on a trajectory to net zero emissions by 2045. These targets include the interim goal of a 75% reduction in emissions by 2030 (relative to the 1990 baseline). The updated plan also includes a number of policies in various areas, most of which will be taken forward through legislation throughout 2021.

https://www.gov.scot/publications/securing-green-recovery-path-net-zero-update-climate-change-plan-20182032/
United Kingdom Municipalities Clean unconditional 38 city mayors and council leaders signed the ‘UK100 Net Zero pledge’ (commitmentto neutralising... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020121010/12/2020 Other Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation UK mayors and city leaders Other To make cities carbon neutral 38 regional leaders have committed to reaching net-zero at least five years earlier than central government. The group of authorities represent 20.4 million people, almost a third of the UK’s population, including all tiers of local government, all regions of England and parts of Scotland. One year ahead of the COP26 climate summit, the network of leaders is urging the government to act faster and to give them more powers to tackle the climate crisis. The group, which is coordinated by the non-governmental organisation UK100, will sign the ‘UK100 Net Zero Pledge’ which explicitly commits them to neutralise their emissions by 2030 and those of their residents by 2045. The leaders have also agreed to limit the use of offsets, only using them as a last resource when reducing emissions to net-zero at source is not possible. They have also committed to annual reporting of their progress, from 2022 onwards.

https://environmentjournal.online/articles/regional-leaders-commit-to-reaching-net-zero-faster-than-whitehall/ Accessed 14 December 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional UK announcement of ending public support for overseas fossil fuel projects Multiple sectors Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020121212/12/2020 Other Several energy stages UK Government Government To end public finance support to fossil fuel projects overseas 12/12/2020 The UK Prime Minister has announced on the 12th December that the UK will end direct government support for the fossil fuel energy sector overseas, as he opens the Climate Ambition Summit. This policy will see the UK end export finance, aid funding and trade promotion for new crude oil, natural gas or thermal coal projects, with very limited exceptions. This is a significant change –in the last four years, the government supported £21 billion of UK oil and gas exports through trade promotion and export finance. The policy will be implemented after a short period of consultation and is intended to come into force as soon as possible, and before COP26 next November. The government will work with the UK’s oil and gas sector to support the move to low carbon energy sources through the North Sea Transition Deal, ensuring areas like Teesside and Aberdeen can become global hubs for wind energy, carbon capture and other clean technologies of the future.
ttps://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-announces-the-uk-will-end-support-for-fossil-fuel-sector-overseas Accessed 14 December 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-climate-change-britain/in-boost-to-climate-action-britain-to-stop-backing-overseas-oil-and-gas-projects-idUKKBN28L2VO Accessed 14 December 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Government pulling forward the date for ending the sale of internal combustion engine cars and vans ... Mobility Multiple fossil New or extended regulation (IT... 2020111818/11/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To ensure a green recovery plan is carried out and EVs are incentivised The UK government has decided to pull forward the date for ending the sale of internal combustion engine cars and vans from 2040 to 2030, while the sale of new hybrid cars would end from 2035. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.businessgreen.com/news/4023313/treasury-mulls-road-charging-plan-preps-phase-date-fossil-fuelled-cars Accessed 16 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Government announces new ambitious target to reduce emissions by 2030 Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020120303/12/2020 Other Several energy stages UK Government Government Increase the ambition of the UK's Nationally Determined Contribution The Prime Minister announced a new ambitious target to reduce the UK’s emissions by at least 68% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels. The announcement comes ahead of the UK co-hosting the Climate Ambition Summit on Saturday 12 December, which will coincide with the fifth anniversary of the historic Paris Agreement. The summit calls on countries around the world to submit ambitious NDCs or other climate plans as we head towards the UN COP26 climate talks, which the UK government is hosting in Glasgow next year. This new target meets the recommendation of experts at the independent Climate Change Committee who advise the government on emissions targets.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-sets-ambitious-new-climate-target-ahead-of-un-summit Accessed 7 December 2020

https://www.climatechangenews.com/2020/12/03/uk-announces-stronger-2030-emissions-target-setting-bar-ambition-summit/ Accessed 7 December 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional Investment to support walking, cycling and public buses (part of the PM’s 10-point plan) Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages UK Government Government To accelerate the transition to active and more sustainable transport 5000000000 This measures refer to a government investment of £5 billion in buses, cycling and walking. The aim of this funding is to bring 4,000 zero emission buses onto the roads, further electrify regional and other rail routes, launch the first-ever National Bus Strategy (which will include integrated ticketing between operators and modes and more bus lanes), reopen lines and stations closed, and create over 1,000 miles of safe and direct cycling and walking networks delivered by 2025 with network plans developed and being built out in every town and city in England. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/uk-unveils-12bn-ten-point-plan-for-net-zero-transition/ Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil conditional Becoming a world-leader in carbon capture technology (part of the PM’s 10-point plan) Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1259445843.8287 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage UK Government Government To improve carbon capture technology 1 billion pounds 1000000000 The UK government has showed an ambition of becoming a world-leader in technology to capture and store harmful emissions away from the atmosphere, with a target to remove 10MT of carbon dioxide by 2030. An extra £200 million of new funding was pledged to create two carbon capture clusters by the mid-2020s, with another two set to be created by 2030. This increased the total invested to £1 billion, helping to support 50,000 jobs, potentially in areas such as the Humber, Teesside, Merseyside, Grangemouth and Port Talbot. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-outlines-his-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution-for-250000-jobs Accessed 23 November 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/uk-unveils-12bn-ten-point-plan-for-net-zero-transition/ Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil conditional £20 million for a competition to develop clean maritime technology (part of the PM’s 10-point... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 25188916.876574 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To support difficult-to-decarbonise industries to become greener 20 million pounds 20000000 £20 million have been pledged for a competition to develop clean maritime technology, such as feasibility studies on key sites, including Orkney and Teesside. This is part of an effort to support difficult-to-decarbonise industries to become greener through research projects for zero-emission planes and ships. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-outlines-his-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution-for-250000-jobs Accessed 23 November 2020
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/uk-unveils-12bn-ten-point-plan-for-net-zero-transition/ Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Homes and public buildings to be made greener, warmer and more energy efficient, including a target ... Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1259445843.8287 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency UK Government Government To improve the energy efficiency of homes and public buildings and create jobs 1 billion pounds 1000000000 Homes and public buildings will be made greener, warmer and more energy efficient, whilst creating 50,000 jobs by 2030. This includes a target to install 600,000 heat pumps every year by 2028. The pledged commitment amounts to £1 billion over 2021, extending the Green Homes Grant voucher scheme by a year and making public sector buildings greener and cutting bills for hospitals and schools, as part of the Public Sector Decarbonisation Scheme. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-outlines-his-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution-for-250000-jobs Accessed 23 November 2020)
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/uk-unveils-12bn-ten-point-plan-for-net-zero-transition/ Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Support to develop large and smaller-scale nuclear plants (part of the PM’s 10-point plan) Power generation Nuclear Budget or off-budget transfer ... 661209068.01008 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation UK Government Government To generate cleaner energy and create jobs 525 million pounds 525000000 £525 million has been committed by the UK Government to help develop large and smaller-scale nuclear plants, and research and develop new advanced modular reactors. This is expected to support up to 10,000 jobs. This money commitment includes the follwoing components: - Development funding for large-scale new nuclear projects. - £385 million for an Advanced Nuclear Fund. This will enable investment of up to £215 million into Small Modular Reactors to develop a domestic smaller-scale power plant technology design that could potentially be built in factories and then assembled on site (while unlocking up to £300 million private sector match-funding), as well as up to £170 million for a research and development programme on Advanced Modular Reactors. - An additional £40 million investment in developing the regulatory frameworks and supporting UK supply chains to help bring these technologies to market. This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-outlines-his-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution-for-250000-jobs Accessed 23 November 2020
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy-environment/news/uk-unveils-12bn-ten-point-plan-for-net-zero-transition/ Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Working with industry to generate 5GW of low carbon hydrogen production capacity by 2030 for industr... Multiple sectors Hydrogen Budget or off-budget transfer ... 629722921.91436 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages UK Government Government To generate cleaner energy and create jobs 500 million pounds 500000000 Up to £500 million will be devoted to developing hydrogen production, including for trialling homes using hydrogen for heating and cooking, starting with a Hydrogen Neighbourhood in 2023, moving to a Hydrogen Village by 2025, with an aim for a Hydrogen Town – equivalent to tens of thousands of homes – before the end of the decade. Of this funding, £240 million will go into new hydrogen production facilities (Net Zero Hydrogen Fund). This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-outlines-his-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution-for-250000-jobs Accessed 23 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional New national road-charging plan and support to reduce EV prices for consumers (part of the PM’... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 3526448362.7204 2020111818/11/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK government Government To ensure the move to electric vehicles 2.8 billion pounds 2800000000 This is part of the PM's 10-point green plan, with a focus on improving the charging infrastructures for EVs and reducing the consumer costs of these vehicles. The £1.3 billion support package includes the following pledges: - £1.3 billion to accelerate the rollout of charging points for electric vehicles in homes, streets and on motorways across England, so people can more easily and conveniently charge their cars. - £582 million in grants for those buying zero or ultra-low emission vehicles to make them cheaper to buy and incentivise more people to make the transition. - Nearly £500 million to be spent in the next four years for the development and mass-scale production of electric vehicle batteries - £20 million investment in 2021 in freight trials to pioneer hydrogen and other zero emission lorries

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-ten-point-plan-for-a-green-industrial-revolution/title Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.businessgreen.com/news/4023313/treasury-mulls-road-charging-plan-preps-phase-date-fossil-fuelled-cars Accessed 16 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional The UK to issue the country’s first sovereign green bond in 2021 and introduction of mandatory... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020110909/11/2020 Other Several energy stages UK government Government To build out a green curve over the coming years, helping to fund projects to help tackle climate change, finance infrastructure and investment and create green jobs across the country The Chancellor Rishi Sunak unveiled proposals to issue the country's first sovereign green bond in 2021 and make climate risk disclosure mandatory for major companies from 2025. The global green bonds market has surged in recent years, with analyst Moody's recently projecting total issuance worldwide could grow to between $175bn and $225bn by the end of 2020. But while a growing number of countries, including the likes of Germany and Sweden have issued sovereign green bonds, the UK has yet to do so. Meanwhile, the fast-growing sector has been dogged by concerns that a lack of clarity over what constitutes a green or climate bond could result in some nominally green funding being channelled to support polluting infrastructure. Moreover, in addition to issuing its first green gilts, the UK will seek to implement a green taxonomy that would provide a common framework for determining which activities can be defined as environmentally sustainable, building on EU's on-going efforts to develop its own green taxonomy.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/chancellor-sets-out-ambition-for-future-of-uk-financial-services Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.businessgreen.com/news/4023000/rishi-sunak-uk-issue-green-bond-require-firms-disclose-climate-risk Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional Scottish Government’s refusal to honour a £30m guarantee to underwrite the wind turbine contract ... Power generation Wind Loan guarantee (Hybrid) -37783375.314861 2020112424/11/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Scottish Government Government To comply with EU state aid legislation -30 million pounds -30000000 A few months ago, the French firm EDF awarded the engineering firm BiFab a £30m contract to build eight wind turbine jackets at its yards in Methil, Fife, as part of the Neart Na Gaoithe (NnG) project. The recent contract is part of a £2billion investment in North Sea renewables. The Scottish Government has now announced that they are unable to honour the £30m guarantee needed to underwrite the wind turbine contract, based on the fact that EU state aid legislation prevents the guarantee.

https://www.gov.scot/news/bifab-working-group/ Accessed 27 November 2020

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-54787955 Accessed 27 November 2020
https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-54779907 Accessed 27 November 2020
United Kingdom London Clean unconditional Launch of the first part of London’s Green New Deal (£10 million investment) Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 12594458.438287 2020111919/11/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages London Municipality Government To support green jobs and tackle the twin dangers of air pollution and the climate emergency. 10 million pounds 10000000 The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has launched the first part of London’s Green New Deal fund with £10 million invested in projects to boost green jobs, tackle the climate emergency and address inequalities. The investment will be broken down into three areas: 1. Decarbonising the Built Environment (Tackling emissions from heating and powering London’s buildings. Programmes will make homes more energy efficient and ensure London is supplied with more green energy through district energy networks and other clean sources such as solar). 2. Green Transport and Public Realm (Tackling transport emissions and encouraging walking, cycling and electric vehicles. Projects will also improve access to green spaces and the natural environment while increasing London’s resilience and adaptation to climate change impacts). 3. Green Foundations (Supporting growth of new and existing businesses in the green economy. Projects will create job opportunities and develop skills for Londoners to exploit the opportunities that the transition to a low carbon circular economy represents).

https://www.london.gov.uk/press-releases/mayoral/mayor-invests-10m-in-green-new-deal-to-save-jobs (Accessed 24 November 2020)
United Kingdom Wales Clean conditional Nationalisation of train operations in Wales Mobility Multiple energy types Equity injection or nationalis... 2020102222/10/2020 Other Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Welsh government Government To secure the future of passenger train services and save jobs 22/10/2020 Wales has nationalised its train operations after a large drop in passenger numbers due to the coronavirus pandemic, taking down passengers numbers to to as little as 5% of normal levels. The move, to be completed by February 2021, is expected to help secure the future of Transport for Wales passenger services and protect jobs.

http://transport-network.co.uk/Wales-to-nationalise-rail-services/16914 Accessed 3 November 2020

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/oct/22/wales-nationalise-train-rail-operations-covid-passenger-slump Accessed 3 November 2020
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional Scottish Government raising 2030 offshore wind capacity target to 11 GW Power generation Wind New or extended regulation (IT... 2020102828/10/2020 Other Electricity generation Scottish Government Government To increase offshore wind capacity 28/11/2020 The Scottish Government has set a new ambition to increase offshore wind capacity to 11GW of energy installed by 2030, up from 8GW target and 1GW currently installed, and has adopted a plan that identifies commercial-scale offshore wind sites. The aim of substantially increasing the offshore wind capacity in Scottish waters supports the delivery of Scotland’s 2017 Energy Strategy and the decarbonisation of heat and transport. The strategy has been agreed following an extensive consultation with industry, stakeholders, coastal communities and environmental organisations.

https://www.gov.scot/publications/offshore-wind-policy-statement/pages/3/ Accessed 2 November 2020

https://ieefa.org/scottish-government-raises-2030-offshore-wind-capacity-target-to-11gw/ Accessed 2 November 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional NHS net zero commitments Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020100606/10/2020 Other Several energy stages NHS Government the National Health Service has set a target to reach net zero carbon in its operational emissions by 2040, and in supply chain emissions by 2045.

https://www.england.nhs.uk/greenernhs/a-net-zero-nhs/ Accessed 6 October 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional Introduction of green number plates Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020061616/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To encourage drivers to make the switch to electric vehicles through the introduction of green number plates Green number plates are set to be rolled out from autumn, under plans to drive a green economic recovery. As part of the government’s plans to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, drivers will be encouraged to make the switch to electric vehicles through the introduction of green number plates. The plates will make it easier for cars to be identified as zero emission vehicles, helping local authorities design and put in place new policies to incentivise people to own and drive them. For example, drivers could benefit from local initiatives such as cheaper parking and cost-free entry into zero-emission zones where those with a green number plate will be recognised as eligible.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/green-number-plates-get-the-green-light-for-a-zero-emission-future Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional 2020 First of a Kind (FOAK) competition to accelerate innovation in rail Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 11838790.93199 2020011313/01/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To transform rail travel for passengers and decarbonise the network 9.4 million 9400000 The Department for Transport has launched together with Innovate UK the 2020 First of a Kind (FOAK) competition to accelerate innovation in rail. Now in its fourth year, the competition will help transform rail travel for passengers and decarbonise the network. Organisations developing cutting-edge technology focused on making rail journeys faster, cleaner and greener could receive a share of £9.4 million to bring their ideas to life.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/first-of-a-kind-2020-launches-to-find-this-centurys-brunel Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil conditional £73.5 million to boost green economic recovery in automotive sector Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 92569269.521411 2020062323/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To boost green economic recovery in automotive sector 73.5 million 73500000 Britain’s automotive industry is set to benefit from a £73.5 million government investment to develop green technologies and safeguard jobs. Ten projects across the UK will receive a share of this new investment to develop cutting-edge technology for the next generation of electric taxis, cars and vans – including recyclable batteries, advanced electrical systems and ultra-lightweight components. This funding is expected to contribute to the automotive sector’s recovery from the coronavirus pandemic by safeguarding more than 14,000 UK research and manufacturing jobs. It will also enable the manufacture of a greater volume of low emission cars, commercial vehicles and components in the UK.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/735-million-to-boost-green-economic-recovery-in-automotive-sector Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Up to £100m of new funding for research and develop a brand new clean technology, Direct Air Captur... Multiple sectors Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 125944584.38287 2020063030/06/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage UK Government Government To tackle the economic crisis unleashed by the coronavirus pandemic by doubling down on previous pledges to 'level up' the UK by investing in a raft of new infrastructure projects. 100 million pounds 100000000 Up to £100m of new funding for research and develop a brand new clean technology, Direct Air Capture (DAC), which captures CO2 emissions directly from the air. If successful, DAC technology could be deployed across the country to remove carbon from the air, helping sectors where it’s tough to decarbonise such as aviation.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-a-new-deal-for-britain Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy £40 million investment to develop the next generation of nuclear energy technology Power generation Nuclear Budget or off-budget transfer ... 50377833.753149 2020071010/07/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation UK Government Government To unlock thousands of green jobs by developing the next generation of nuclear energy technology 40 million pounds 40000000 The UK government today announced £40 million of funding to unlock thousands of green jobs by developing the next generation of nuclear energy technology. Part of this funding will support 3 Advanced Modular Reactor (AMR) projects, which are far smaller than traditional nuclear plants and use intense heat generated in nuclear reactions to produce low-carbon electricity. They can be used at remote locations thanks to their size, and can produce enough energy to power anything from a small village to a medium-sized city. £30 million of funding will speed up the development of 3 AMR projects in Oxfordshire, Cheshire and Lancashire and drive them closer towards supplying low-carbon energy to the nation. The remaining £10 million will be invested into unlocking smaller research, design, and manufacturing projects to create up to 200 jobs.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/40-million-to-kick-start-next-gen-nuclear-technology Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom North Ayrshire Council Clean unconditional North Ayrshire Council ‘Local Green New Deal’ Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 11083123.425693 2020091616/09/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages North Ayrshire Council Government To rebuild the economy in a fairer and greener way 8.8 million pounds 8800000 The Council have published their plans following their launch of Scotland’s first Community Wealth Building strategy earlier this year and the declaration of a Climate Emergency in 2019. An £8.8 million Investment Fund will be used across the following areas of a Green New Deal: • Affordable Warmth (access to clean, affordable renewable energy) • A Green Economy (a low carbon economy working towards net zero) • Transport & Travel (decarbonisation of the transport system and active travel) • Natural & Built Environment (a sustainable environment that protects biodiversity) • Sustainable Operations (ensuring our Council services are sustainable) • Emission Absorption (absorbing cabon emissions) • Climate Change Adaptation (adapting to the impacts of climate change)

https://www.irvinetimes.com/news/18724300.council-hopes-rebuild-green-economy-north-ayrshire-pandemic/ Accessed 21 September 2020
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional £60 million to support decarbonisation of the industrial and manufacturing sector (Low Carbon Fund) Resources Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020090101/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Scottish Government Government To support the industrial and manufacturing sectors during a green economic recovery to overcome private sector investment and transition challenges. The government will commit "£60 million to support decarbonisation of industrial and manufacturing sectors including the £34 million Scottish Industrial Energy Transformation Fund and the £26 million Low Carbon Manufacturing Challenge Fund." The current government also announced that it would continue "to support and invest in the development of CCUS projects in Scotland and commission a suite of research projects for CCUS," develop a Carbon Capture and Utilisation Challenge Fund, and publish a refreshed Energy Strategy.

https://www.gov.scot/publications/protecting-scotland-renewing-scotland-governments-programme-scotland-2020-2021/pages/5/#page-top Accessed 7 September 2020.
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional £1.6bn pledge to reduce emissions from heating after May 2021 elections (Low Carbon Fund) Buildings Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2015113350.1259 2020090101/09/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Scottish Government Government To ensure that emissions from heating are eliminated by 2040 to remove poor energy efficiency as a driver of fuel poverty. 1.6 billion pounds 1600000000 The government plans to increase energy efficiency spending to £398m per year by 2025‑26 (for a total of £1.6bn), with the following: - at least £95 million to decarbonise the public sector estate - opening the £50 million Green Recovery Low Carbon Infrastructure Transition Programme (LCITP) - up to £50 million to invest in energy efficiency improvements to the Royal Botanic Gardens in Edinburgh - £25 million for zero carbon energy infrastructure and heat networks for residential and commercial premises along the river Clyde's path - additional £55 million to support scale up of energy efficiency programmes It also plans to publish a draft Heat Policy Statement and refresh the Energy Efficient Scotland Route Map alongside the updated Climate Change Plan to set out a clear pathway towards zero emissions from heat in buildings. In autumn 2020, it will launch a scoping consultation on standards for new buildings requiring them to use renewable or zero emission heating from 2024.

https://www.gov.scot/publications/protecting-scotland-renewing-scotland-governments-programme-scotland-2020-2021/pages/5/#page-top Accessed 7 September 2020.
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional £27.4bn road building and repair programme Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 34508816120.907 2020082424/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To increase road capacity, upgrade the network and create new jobs 27.4 billion pounds 27400000000 The government has decided to go ahead with its £27.4bn road building and repair programme, first announced in March 2020. The aim of the plan is to increase capacity where it is most needed and continue to upgrade more of the network which has suffered from decades of under-investment.

https://www.smarttransport.org.uk/news/latest-news/highways-england-to-invest-274bn-in-road-network-by-2025 Accessed 25 August 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy £50m Social Housing Decarbonisation Fund Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 62972292.191436 2020082424/08/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Scottish government Government To reduce fuel poverty and contribute to reducing climate change, and to support Scotland’s green recovery from COVID-19 50 million pounds 50000000 The Social Housing Decarbonisation Fund was established to help social landlords improve the least energy-efficient social rented homes, starting with a £50 million demonstrator project in 2020-21 to decarbonise social housing. This will mean warmer homes and lower annual energy bills for some of the lowest income households. As part of the plan, the Scottish government fast-tracked £20m social housing net zero fund.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/a-plan-for-jobs-documents/a-plan-for-jobs-2020 Accessed 21 September 2020

https://www.insidehousing.co.uk/news/news/scottish-government-fast-tracks-20m-social-housing-net-zero-fund-67604 Accessed 25 August 2020
United Kingdom Wales Clean unconditional £9.5m Optimised Retrofit Programme (ORP) Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 11964735.516373 2020081919/08/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Welsh government Government To reduce the carbon footprint of existing social housing in Wales, make energy bills more manageable for residents and provide new job and training opportunities 9.5 million pounds 9500000 The Optimised Retrofit Programme (ORP), part of the Innovative Housing Programme, will fund the fitting of energy efficiency measures in up to 1000 existing homes owned by registered social landlords and councils. The investment package aims to create better homes, help tackle fuel poverty and contribute to decarbonisation. The ORP will support the sector to test different approaches to reach the goal of carbon neutrality. It will include an innovation competition to support the piloting of innovative new solutions for retrofitting our housing stock. ORP is a key part of the £45m Innovative Housing Programme announced earlier this year, which focuses on building new carbon neutral homes using modern methods of construction, the scheme will contribute to plans to reduce greenhouse gases by 95% by 2050 with an ambition to reach net zero in future.

https://media.service.gov.wales/news/gbp-9-5m-programme-to-reduce-housings-carbon-footprint Accessed 25 August 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Strategic partnership between the UK government and Bank of Thailand on Financial services to suppor... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Uncategorized 2020080707/08/2020 Other Several energy stages Uk government Government To support Thailand’s inclusive economic recovery and green growth in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Under the MoU signed on 7 August 2020, the UK and the Bank of Thailand agreed to collaborate to strengthen accounting standards; to enhance corporate governance and transparency; to support the development of Financial Technology (FinTech) to facilitate greater access to finance and business opportunity for Thai FinTech industry; to promote sustainable finance; and to support resilience in the financial system. The collaboration is enabled by the UK’s ASEAN Economic Reform and ASEAN Low Carbon Energy Programmes. The collaboration will share strategic knowledge and expertise on new financing trends, regulatory practices, products and services. The partnership will seek to develop the financial sector to support inclusive growth with consideration for the wider implications of policies on the economy, environment – in particular risks from climate change – and those who are disadvantaged in society.

https://thailand.prd.go.th/mobile_detail.php?cid=4&nid=9955 Accessed 18 August 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy £1.3 billion investment to deliver homes, infrastructure and jobs Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1637279596.9773 2020080404/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) UK Government Government To deliver up to 45,000 homes, create up to 85,000 jobs and upgrade skills and infrastructure to help fuel a green economic recovery announced 1.3 billion pounds 1300000000 This is part of the government’s plan to deliver upgrades to local infrastructure and boost skills to help fuel a green economic recovery. Over 300 successful projects in England are being told they will receive a share of the £900 million Getting Building Fund to invest in shovel-ready housing and infrastructure projects, creating jobs and supporting economic recovery across the country. The investment is expected to deliver up to 45,000 homes, create up to 85,000 jobs and reduce around 65 million kgs of CO2 emissions across England. To deliver a further 26,000 new homes while protecting greenfield sites, the government has also confirmed a £360 million investment in Mayoral Combined Authority areas through its £400 million Brownfield Fund.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/1-3-billion-investment-to-deliver-homes-infrastructure-and-jobs Accessed 4 August 2020
United Kingdom London Other energy London £1.5bn green infrastructure package Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1889168765.7431 2020072929/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) London municipality Government To reduce the city's emissions and water footprint while kick-starting the local economy as lockdown eases 1.5 billion pounds 1500000000 The partnership will support projects for the green recovery and jobs, helping to counteract Covid-19’s damaging impact on the economy. Projects include: - Upgrading the gas network to improve the security of London’s gas supplies. - Reducing water leakage by 20 per cent and pollution incidents by 30 per cent by 2025. - Progressing plans to increase the resilience of the water supply network serving boroughs in north east London; the City and Canary Wharf. - Ensuring the electricity infrastructure is in place to support electric vehicles, using innovative planning tools to identify the best charger locations and timings. Since only an unquantified part of the package is linked to clean energy, this measure is classified here as "other energy".

https://www.edie.net/news/6/London-unveils--1-5bn-green-infrastructure-package-to-kick-start-economy-post-lockdown/ Accessed 3 August 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional £200 million funding for R&D to green the aerospace sector Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 251889168.76574 2020072020/07/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Government To enable "ambitious projects to lift off and support the sector’s recovery from the coronavirus pandemic" 20/07/2020 £200 million in grants from the government matched by industry 200000000 The government's GBP 200 million pledge will be matched by the industry. Projects include developing high-performance engines, new wing designs, energy-efficient electric components, and ultra-lightweight materials to reduce fuel consumption. New FlyZero initiative will bring together 100 experts to kickstart work into zero-emission aircraft technology and feed into the work of the Jet Zero Council.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/uk-aerospace-sector-to-benefit-from-400-million-funding-to-go-green Accessed 24 July 2020

https://www.edie.net/news/11/-350m-for-decarbonising-heavy-industry-and--400m-for-sustainable-aviation--Boris-Johnson-unveils-fresh-green-recovery-spending/ Accessed 24 July 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional Support for innovations in building, heavy industry, and automotive sector as part of the £350 mill... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020072222/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Department for Transport, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Government To drive forward progress on the UK’s target to reach net zero by 2050 & to secure the UK’s place at the forefront of green innovation This part of the package includes: - £149 million (£66m from the Government) to drive the use of innovative materials in heavy industry; the 13 initial projects will include proposals to reuse waste ash in the glass and ceramics industry, and the development of recyclable steel - £26 million to support advanced new building techniques in order to reduce build costs and carbon emissions in the construction industry - A £10 million boost for state of the art construction tech which will go towards 19 projects focused on improving productivity and building quality, for example, re-usable roofs and walls and “digital clones” of buildings that analyse data in real time - Opening up bids for a further £10million for R&D in the automotive sector, to help companies take cutting edge ideas from prototype to market, including more efficient electric motors or more powerful batteries It is not yet clear how much financing will come from the state budget, so for now, the measure is unquantified.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-commits-350-million-to-fuel-green-recovery Accessed 23 July 2020

https://www.edie.net/news/11/-350m-for-decarbonising-heavy-industry-and--400m-for-sustainable-aviation--Boris-Johnson-unveils-fresh-green-recovery-spending/ Accessed 23 July 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Support for clean hydrogen and CCS in heavy industry as part of the £350 million package to fuel gr... Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020072222/07/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage Department for Transport, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Government To drive forward progress on the UK’s target to reach net zero by 2050 & to secure the UK’s place at the forefront of green innovation 22/07/2020 This part of the package includes the allocation of £139 million to cut emissions in heavy industry by supporting the transition from natural gas to clean hydrogen power and scaling up carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. It is not yet clear how much financing will come from the state budget, so for now, the measure is unquantified.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-commits-350-million-to-fuel-green-recovery Accessed 23 July 2020

https://www.edie.net/news/11/-350m-for-decarbonising-heavy-industry-and--400m-for-sustainable-aviation--Boris-Johnson-unveils-fresh-green-recovery-spending/ Accessed 23 July 2020
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Clean unconditional Green Infrastructure Initiative in Northern Ireland Mobility Active transport Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020051515/05/2020 Fiscal Active transport (cycling or walking) Department for Infrastructure, Northern Ireland Government "To support recovery and changes in how we travel" 15/05/2020 The following experimental measures have been approved: - pedestrianise the streets in Belfast’s Cathedral Quarter - extend waterfront spaces in Derry - create pop-up cycle lanes in Belfast and others

https://www.infrastructure-ni.gov.uk/news/innovative-green-infrastructure-key-recovery-says-infrastructure-minister-nichola-mallon Accessed 10 July 2020
https://www.infrastructure-ni.gov.uk/news/mallon-announces-pop-cycle-lanes-belfast-we-kick-start-bike-week Accessed 10 July 2020

https://news.causewaycoastcommunity.co.uk/ni-news/innovative-green-infrastructure-is-key-to-recovery-says-infrastructure-minister-nichola-mallon/ Accessed 10 July 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Giving small-scale renewable electricity generators additional time to apply for accreditation under... Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... 2020033131/03/2020 Other Electricity generation Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), The Feed-in Tariffs (Amendment) (Coronavirus) Order 2020 Government To give affected projects the legal certainty and clarity about the status of their projects 31/03/2020 Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, up to 250 projects close to completion (mostly community energy installations) were facing unavoidable delays. This meant that generators were unable to complete the construction, commission the projects, and submit their application for FIT accreditation in time; for many projects, the deadline was 31 March 2020.

http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2020/375/pdfs/uksiem_20200375_en.pdf Accessed 16 June 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional £3bn scheme to improve buildings’ efficiency as part of the Plan for Jobs Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 3778337531.4861 2020070707/07/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency UK government Government To help cut emissions and to support jobs creation 01/09/2020 3000000000 The plan includes: ● £1bn for insulating public sector buildings, such as schools and hospitals ● £1.5bn as vouchers for homeowners to make energy-saving improvements to their properties ● 500m in grants for fuel poor ● £50m pilot project to retrofit social housing through measures such as heat pumps £2bn of the total will be provided through the so-called Green Homes Grant Scheme: vouchers worth up to £5,000 will be issued to homeowners in England to make their homes more energy efficient and it is anticipated up to 650,000 homes will benefit from the scheme.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/rishis-plan-for-jobs-will-help-britain-bounce-back Accessed 7 July 2020
https://www.grantscheme.uk/default.asp Accessed 7 July 2020

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-53313640 Accessed 7 July 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional Emergency £1.6bn bailout for Transport for London Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2015113350.1259 2020051414/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Department for Transport Government To keep the public transport system in London operating 14/05/2020 1600000000 Transport for London (TfL) has been under severe financial stress due to the COVID-19 crisis. This bailout comes also in response to the request made by London's mayor Mr. Khan for the government to support the transport company, otherwise at risk of bankruptcy.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-grants-transport-for-london-funding-package Accessed 2 July 2020

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-52670539 Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom Scotland Clean unconditional £5.5m made available for renewable projects through Community and Renewable Energy Scheme (CARES) a... Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 6926952.1410579 2020061717/06/2020 Monetary Electricity generation Government 5500000 Communities will be able to bid for a share of £4.5m through the Community and Renewable Energy Scheme (CARES), which funds local renewable projects. Further £1 million will be available to support innovative energy projects such as heat networks and integrated energy systems through Low Carbon Infrastructure Transition Programme (LCITP).

https://www.gov.scot/news/supporting-the-green-recovery/ Accessed 19 June 2020

https://scottishconstructionnow.com/article/government-makes-5-5m-investment-in-local-renewables-and-low-carbon-heat Accessed 19 June 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional £12million Green Recovery Challenge Fund Multiple sectors Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 15113350.125945 2020061717/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Government Capacity building to support low-carbon transitions and a green, resilient and inclusive economic recovery across ODA-eligible countries. 12000000 Applications for funding open to international and local NGOs, civil society organizations, research institutes, and private sector companies. Each project has the potential to be awarded up to £500,000 throughout a 12-month implementation period. Examples of activities expected to be funded include: - Enhancing skills in key institutions by providing training - Recommendations for new policies or tools to accelerate emission reductions - Creating knowledge and communication products (e.g. research papers) - Strengthening networks of key actors to drive climate action

https://www.ukpact.co.uk/green-recovery-challenge-fund/www.ukpact.co.uk/green-recovery-challenge-fund#register-interest Accessed 18 June 2020
United Kingdom Scotland Fossil conditional Scottish Government £62 million Energy Transition Fund Multiple sectors Multiple fossil Budget or off-budget transfer ... 78085642.31738 2020061212/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Scottish Government Government To support businesses in the oil, gas and energy sectors over the next five years as they grow and diversify and help attract private sector investment in the region. 12/06/2020 62000000 The projects which will be eligible for funding will have to show a commitment to diversify and transition to greener solutions, although no details are provided about what this means in practice. Major projects to be considered for funding include a Global Underwater Hub, Net Zero Solution Centre projects, a Hydrogen Hub, the Acorn project and an Energy Transition Zone.

https://www.gov.scot/news/gbp-62-million-fund-for-energy-sector/ Accessed 16 June 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional £733m government support for buses and trams Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 923173803.52645 2020052323/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Department for Transport Government To increase the frequency and capacity of public transport so the UK can "start moving back to a full timetable." 733000000 The UK government is set to increase funding for buses and trams by £256m, with £218.4m for bus operators over the next 2 months and £37.4m for five tram systems in the North and Midlands over the next 3 months. This stimulus is in addition to the £477m already provided for buses and trams. These measures are seen as necessary to increase public transportation, enable people to maintain social distancing during the crisis and to enable operators to mitigate the impact of the loss of revenue and the costs of running essential routes.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/transport-secretary-announces-new-measures-to-keep-passengers-safe-now-and-level-up-for-the-future Accessed 12 June 2020
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/almost-400-million-to-keep-englands-buses-running Accessed 11 August 2020

https://london-tv.co.uk/government-extends-coronavirus-support-for-buses-and-trams-as-total-funding-tops-700-million/ Accessed 11 August 2020
https://www.ft.com/content/ffe49183-6df1-4842-a07f-16c52b8f0ba0 Accessed 11 August 2020
https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-52784960 Accessed 12 June 2020
United Kingdom National Other energy Ofgem’s scheme of 350 million pounds available to support energy suppliers that do not have an... Power generation Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 440806045.34005 2020060202/06/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem) Government Protecting eligible energy suppliers that are cash-strapped to defer charges to electricity and gas network operators until March 2021 02/06/2020 350000000 The support would only be available to companies that have fewer options for securing financing as they do not have an investment-grade credit rating and should only be used as a last resort. The support is capped at 1.6 million pounds per electricity supply group and 1.2 million pounds per gas shipper

https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/ofgem-publications/163658 Accessed 12 June 2020

https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-energy/ofgem-sets-out-support-scheme-for-some-energy-suppliers-idUKKBN239230 Accessed 12 June 2020
United Kingdom West Midlands Clean unconditional WM2041: A Programme for Implementing an Environmental Recovery Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4030226700.2519 2020060505/06/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages West Midlands Combined Authority Government West Midlands is to rebuild its economy in a way that drives green and inclusive growth, so that all the region’s diverse communities and its environment can benefit from the post-Covid-19 recovery. The goal is to achieve carbon neutrality for the West Midlands by 2041. 3200000000 The West Midlands plan is wide ranging and includes measures, such as retrofitting old and cold homes to make them more energy efficient and help tackle fuel poverty, accelerating the transition of the region’s automotive industry to electric vehicles, rolling out charging infrastructure for electric vehicles at scale and announcing a green innovation challenge for SMEs to find solutions for some of our climate change challenges. The plan also supports the growth of green neighbourhoods and natural capital; and active transport initiatives, for example pop-up cycle lanes and widened pavements.

https://www.wmca.org.uk/news/green-recovery-plan-for-the-west-midlands-unveiled/ Accessed 12 June 2020
https://www.wmca.org.uk/media/3639/wm2041-final.pdf Accessed 12 June 2020
https://investwm.co.uk/2020/06/26/west-midlands-economic-recovery/ Accessed 12 June 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Launch of the Clean Growth Fund Power generation Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 25188916.876574 2020052121/05/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy Government To accelerate early-stage green businesses and supercharge green start-ups. 21/05/2020 20000000 The fund is 50% backed by the government and 50% by CCLA, the UK's largest charity fund manager. The idea is to further leverage private sector capital to reach at least £100 million by autumn. The fund is meant for UK based green companies and start-ups that will be able to use the revenue to kickstart innovative green projects on energy storage, smart grid, renewable heating and bioenergy technologies. According to the government, this fund is critical in reaching the government's carbon neutral goal and kickstarting green recovery.

https://www.cleangrowthfund.com/cgf-background/ Accessed 26 May 2020
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-launches-new-40-million-clean-growth-fund-to-supercharge-green-start-ups Accessed 26 May 2020

https://www.businessgreen.com/news/4015557/clean-growth-fund-government-launches-gbp40m-green-start-funding-push Accessed 26 May 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Support to Iberdrola International B.V. through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Power generation Wind Other hybrid support measures 125944584.38287 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Electricity generation HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 100000000

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Clean conditional Support to National Express Group PLC through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 377833753.14861 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 300000000

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Honda Finance Europe PLC through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 138539042.82116 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 110000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Nissan Motor Co., Ltd through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Other hybrid support measures 755667506.29723 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Several energy stages HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 600000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for RCL Cruises Ltd. through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 377833749.37028 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 299999997 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Baker Hughes through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Resources Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 755667506.29723 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 600000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Schlumberger through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Resources Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 522670025.18892 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 415000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for EasyJet through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 755667506.29723 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 600000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Ryanair through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 755667506.29723 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 600000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for British Airways through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 377833753.14861 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 300000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Fossil unconditional Support for Wizz Air through Covid Corporate Financing Facility (CCFF) Mobility Oil and oil products Other hybrid support measures 377833753.14861 2020032323/03/2020 Monetary Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) HM Treasury and Bank of England Government To keep businesses operating in the face of the global economic emergency brought on by coronavirus 23/03/2020 300000000 This loan comes with no climate strings attached.

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/markets/bank-of-england-market-operations-guide/results-and-usage-data Accessed 2 July 2020
https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/markets/covid-corporate-financing-facility/cp-held-by-ccff-by-business.xlsx?la=en&hash=44C5586A50E6E396468AB5428188ED0A0CD9A88B Accessed 2 July 2020
United Kingdom National Clean unconditional Investments in walking and cycling infrastructure Mobility Active transport Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2518891687.6574 2020050909/05/2020 Fiscal Active transport (cycling or walking) Department for Transport Government Relieve the pressure on public transport 2000000000 The planned investments seek to increase bike lanes, fund wider pavements and cycle and bus-only corridors as part of a £250 million emergency active travel fund - the first stage of a £2 billion investment.

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/2-billion-package-to-create-new-era-for-cycling-and-walking Accessed 11 May 2020