All Policies Analysis

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, 37 major economies and 8 MDBs have committed at least USD 1.07 trillion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 309.08 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 443 policies (276 quantified and 167 unquantified)
  • At least USD 95.21 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 173 policies (112 quantified and 61 unquantified)
  • At least USD 101.80 billion for unconditional clean energy through 590 policies (433 quantified and 157 unquantified)
  • At least USD 327.40 billion for conditional clean energy through 536 policies (447 quantified and 89 unquantified)
  • At least USD 238.94 billion for other energy through 296 policies (183 quantified and 113 unquantified)

By energy type, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 212.04 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 173.69 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 38.35 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 48.31 billion to coal (at least USD 35.73 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 12.58 billion to conditional coal).

Further, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 9.01 billion to hydrogen based on fossil fuels (at least USD 9.01 billion to conditional hydrogen based on fossil fuels).

Finally, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 29.87 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 16.14 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels and at least USD 13.73 billion to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of the 37 countries and approved by 8 MDBs in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, 37 major economies have committed at least USD 1.05 trillion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 306.60 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 425 policies (260 quantified and 165 unquantified)
  • At least USD 94.59 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 165 policies (107 quantified and 58 unquantified)
  • At least USD 96.32 billion for unconditional clean energy through 568 policies (411 quantified and 157 unquantified)
  • At least USD 319.72 billion for conditional clean energy through 501 policies (414 quantified and 87 unquantified)
  • At least USD 229.47 billion for other energy through 264 policies (151 quantified and 113 unquantified)

By energy type, 37 countries committed at least USD 209.79 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 171.92 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 37.87 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, 37 countries committed at least USD 48.31 billion to coal (at least USD 35.73 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 12.58 billion to conditional coal).

Further, 37 countries committed at least USD 9.01 billion to hydrogen based on fossil fuels (at least USD 9.01 billion to conditional hydrogen based on fossil fuels).

Finally, 37 countries committed at least USD 29.87 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 16.14 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels and at least USD 13.73 billion to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of the 37 countries through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.


Updated: 25 May 2022


At least

$404.29 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy



At least

$429.19 billion

Supporting clean energy



At least

$401.19 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy



At least

$416.04 billion

Supporting clean energy

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, 37 major economies and 8 MDBs have committed at least USD 1.07 trillion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 309.08 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 443 policies (276 quantified and 167 unquantified)
  • At least USD 95.21 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 173 policies (112 quantified and 61 unquantified)
  • At least USD 101.80 billion for unconditional clean energy through 590 policies (433 quantified and 157 unquantified)
  • At least USD 327.40 billion for conditional clean energy through 536 policies (447 quantified and 89 unquantified)
  • At least USD 238.94 billion for other energy through 296 policies (183 quantified and 113 unquantified)

By energy type, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 212.04 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 173.69 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 38.35 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 48.31 billion to coal (at least USD 35.73 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 12.58 billion to conditional coal).

Further, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 9.01 billion to hydrogen based on fossil fuels (at least USD 9.01 billion to conditional hydrogen based on fossil fuels).

Finally, 37 countries and 8 MDBs committed at least USD 29.87 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 16.14 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels and at least USD 13.73 billion to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of the 37 countries and approved by 8 MDBs in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, 37 major economies have committed at least USD 1.05 trillion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 306.60 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 425 policies (260 quantified and 165 unquantified)
  • At least USD 94.59 billion for conditional fossil fuels through 165 policies (107 quantified and 58 unquantified)
  • At least USD 96.32 billion for unconditional clean energy through 568 policies (411 quantified and 157 unquantified)
  • At least USD 319.72 billion for conditional clean energy through 501 policies (414 quantified and 87 unquantified)
  • At least USD 229.47 billion for other energy through 264 policies (151 quantified and 113 unquantified)

By energy type, 37 countries committed at least USD 209.79 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 171.92 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 37.87 billion to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, 37 countries committed at least USD 48.31 billion to coal (at least USD 35.73 billion to unconditional coal and at least USD 12.58 billion to conditional coal).

Further, 37 countries committed at least USD 9.01 billion to hydrogen based on fossil fuels (at least USD 9.01 billion to conditional hydrogen based on fossil fuels).

Finally, 37 countries committed at least USD 29.87 billion to multiple fossil fuels (at least USD 16.14 billion to unconditional multiple fossil fuels and at least USD 13.73 billion to conditional multiple fossil fuels).

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of the 37 countries through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

$ %
$ %

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in 36 recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 25 May 2022

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in MDBs spending since January 2020, USD billion, as of 25 May 2022