Mexico

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Mexico has committed at least USD 3.93 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 3.02 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 5 policies (1 quantified and 4 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for conditional fossil fuels (2 policies with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 913.28 million for unconditional clean energy through 4 policies (1 quantified and 3 unquantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for conditional clean energy
  • No public money commitments identified for other energy
Updated: 21 October 2020


At least

$3.02 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$23.64

Per capita



At least

$913.28 million

Supporting clean energy

$7.16

Per capita

By energy type, Mexico committed at least USD 3.02 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 3.02 billion to unconditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Mexico through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 21 October 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Mexico National Clean unconditional Urban development with sustainable mobility and housing – Sectoral Program for the Environment... Multiple sectors Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... 2020070707/07/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Mexican government Government Design, establish, and coordinate policies and instruments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and compounds, as well as promote and conserve carbon sinks, by national and international commitments. More specifically, the policy aims to promote a sustainable, inclusive, and compact urban development, with sustainable mobility and housing. Public and private mobility systems, low emissions, efficient, safe, inclusive, affordable, and accessible, with the latest technological advances, recognizing different patterns of mobility between men and women of different social groups. As well as housing with solid waste and wastewater management that reduces greenhouse effect emissions and increases the resilience and adaptive capacity of communities and cities. 07/07/2020 The government document states that Mexico has not managed to escape the global trend of loss and degradation of its valuable natural heritage. It faces a difficult environmental situation that worsens and can be classified as an environmental emergency. The present generations and those to come are at imminent risk. The model that the country followed for decades has left a deep environmental and social footprint. The unsustainable use of the territory and its natural heritage caused the loss of important areas of natural ecosystems and their biodiversity, environmental degradation, and the deterioration of the quality of life of the population.
https://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5596232&fecha=07/07/2020 (accessed 29/9/2020)

https://www.portalambiental.com.mx/politica-ambiental/20200707/publican-programa-sectorial-de-medio-ambiente-2020-2024 (accessed 29/9/2020)
Mexico National Clean unconditional Energy transition promotion with clean sources – Sectoral Program for the Environment and Natu... Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020070707/07/2020 Fiscal Reduced environmental damage Mexican government Government Design, establish, and coordinate policies and instruments to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and compounds, as well as promote and conserve carbon sinks, by national and international commitments. 07/07/2020 According to the government document, Mexico has not managed to escape the global trend of loss and degradation of its valuable natural heritage. It faces a difficult environmental situation that worsens and can be classified as an environmental emergency. The present generations and those to come are at imminent risk. The model that the country followed for decades has left a deep environmental and social footprint. The unsustainable use of the territory and its natural heritage caused the loss of important areas of natural ecosystems and their biodiversity, environmental degradation, and the deterioration of the quality of life of the population. This program aims to coordinate actions in the sector and with other agencies that promote the energy transition with clean sources, preferably renewable, guaranteeing protection, and ensuring the well-being of the population, particularly the most vulnerable communities, with a focus on inclusion and social and economic mobility.
https://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5596232&fecha=07/07/2020 (accessed 29/9/2020)

https://www.portalambiental.com.mx/politica-ambiental/20200707/publican-programa-sectorial-de-medio-ambiente-2020-2024 (accessed 29/9/2020)
Mexico National Clean unconditional First Sustainable Sovereign Bonds linked to the UN Sustainable Development Goals Multiple sectors Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Purchase of bonds (Hybrid) 913279510.02227 2020091414/09/2020 Monetary Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Mexican government Government Mexico becomes the first country in the world to issue a sustainable sovereign bond linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) promoted by the United Nations (UN) amounting to 750 million euros, called the "Sustainable Development Goals Sovereign Bond Framework. Building Prosperity: Financing Sustainable Development Goals for an Inclusive Economy". The sale of these bonds aims to promote sustainability in economic activities, industrial and productive industries in the State and to promote social inclusion, as well as to reduce emissions 14/09/2020 19683000000 Mexican pesos 19683000000 The resources will be used to finance the program Agenda 2030 (it is a roadmap for eradicating poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all without compromising resources for future generations)
https://www.gob.mx/cms/uploads/attachment/file/577794/Comunicado_No._071.pdf (accessed 14/9/2020)
https://www.gob.mx/shcp/prensa/comunicado-no-071?idiom=es (accessed 14/9/2020)
https://www.finanzaspublicas.hacienda.gob.mx/work/models/Finanzas_Publicas/docs/ori/Espanol/SDG/PRESS_SDG_Sovereign_Bond.pdf (accessed 14/9/2020)
Mexico Baja California Fossil conditional Emissions tax Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Increased fossil fuel taxation 2020042424/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Baja California state government Government In order to allocate resources to the implementation of actions to reduce pollutants, as well as to address health problems caused by them, a tax is created that levies emissions of carbon dioxide in the State. The object of this tax is atmospheric emissions caused by certain substances that are generated by the use of goods or consumption of polluting products (e.g. gasoline, diesel, natural gas, gas LP) in the State and that affect its territory. The tax to be paid will be determined by applying the fee of $ 0.17 pesos for each liter or kilogram of carbon dioxide (CO2), as appropriate according to the emission factor provided in the established chart.
https://www.congresobc.gob.mx/Documentos/ProcesoParlamentario/Dictamenes/20200424_65_HACIENDA.pdf (accessed 25/08/2020)

https://www.ey.com/es_mx/energy-reimagined/energy-alert/impuesto-ambiental-en-el-estado-de-baja-california (accessed 25/08/2020)
Mexico Tamaulipas Fossil conditional Emissions tax Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Increased fossil fuel taxation 2020063030/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government of Tamaulipas State Government The objective of the law is that "the Public Treasury of the State has resources that allow them to finance policies and programs for adaptation to climate change and mitigation of greenhouse gases emissions, to support the sustainability of economic, industrial and productive activities within the State, to comply with the obligations of protection of health, the environment, and preservation and restoration of an ecological equilibrium." Its purpose is also that taxpayers who are in the assumption of causation, contribute in proportion to the impact on the components of the environment and the negative effects generated. 01/01/2021 The environmental tax will be applied to public or private companies that emit more than 25 tons of polluting gases into the atmosphere per month. It refers to direct or indirect emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride, which constitute greenhouse gases.
http://po.tamaulipas.gob.mx/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/cxlv-91-290720F-EV.pdf (accessed 23/08/2020)

https://latinus.us/2020/06/30/aprueban-cobrar-impuesto-verde-cfe-pemex-tamaulipas/#:~:text=Aprueban%20cobrar%20'impuesto%20verde'%20a%20CFE%20y%20Pemex%20en%20Tamaulipas,-LatinUs&text=Con%20la%20medida%2C%20empresas%20como,a%20la%20atm%C3%B3sfera%20cada%20mes (accessed 23/08/2020)
Mexico National Fossil unconditional National Austerity Law excludes key fossil fuel and other carbon-intensive projects Multiple sectors Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020042323/04/2020 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Presidential Decree Government The Austerity Law seeks to reduce government expenditure in the context of the COVID crisis and oil price crash. However, certain projects and activities were excluded (meaning they will continue to move forward during the emergency period). 23/04/2020 Actions and expenditures of the government are postponed, with the exception of certain priority programs and projects, including the new airport "Aeropuerto General Felipe Ángeles" and new Mexico City airport system, oil production, rehabilitation of the six refineries, construction of the new refinery at Dos Bocas, among others.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200713022944/
https://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5592205&fecha=23%2F04%2F2020
Mexico National Fossil unconditional Policy on Reliability, Security, Continuity and Quality in the National Electricity System Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020051515/05/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Secretaría de Energía (Sener) Government This policy is justified as an "indispensable element for strengthening the energy security of the country." It is also expected to contribute to the reliability, continuity and quality of the national energy system, and to help increase the generation of clean energy (connected and not connected to the national energy system).
https://web.archive.org/save/
https://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5593425&fecha=15/05/2020
Mexico National Fossil unconditional Stimulus of public, private and social investment for the energy sector Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 2020040505/04/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages National government - Presidential speech Government Economic growth and job creation, especially in poorer regions of the country. 339,000,000,000 Mexican Pesos President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, in his April presidential address, committed to a program of "public, private and social investment in the energy sector for approximately 339,000,000,000 Mexican pesos" without specifying the percentage from private versus public investment (AMLO speech). The plan was anticipated to launch earlier in the year but has been delayed. News reports suggest that the private sector has lost interest following other changes in the regulation of the power sector by the National Electricity Commission, in combination with the low oil prices, leaving these investments in limbo.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200424103502/
https://lopezobrador.org.mx/2020/04/05/discurso-del-presidente-andres-manuel-lopez-obrador-en-su-informe-al-pueblo-de-mexico/
Mexico National Fossil unconditional Increased Transmission Tariffs for Private Electricity Providers Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020052828/05/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Federal Energy Commission Government To create an efficient, secure, clean electricity system with competitive prices. The Federal Electricity Commission (Comisión Federal de Electricidad - CFE) increased the rates paid by private electricity providers (generators) for using the public transmission network (the "tarifa de porteo"). These new rates were published after the Energy Regulatory Commission (Comisión Reguladora de Energía -CRE) approved a petition by the national electricity company to increase the costs to private electricity generators. The high and medium-transmission rates changed from 0.049 pesos to 0.2785 and 0.2586 pesos per KW/hr, an increase of 469 and 428%, respectively. The low-tension transmission rate was increased from 0.09799 pesos to 0.8928 pesos per KW/hr, an increase of 811%. The new transmission tariff, know as the "porteo estampilla y porteo térmico" will be applied to thermal plants as well as plantas de autoabastecimiento and renewables considered "legacy plants", meaning their licenses were given by the regulating commission before the Law for Electricity Industry ("Ley de la Industria Eléctrica - LIE). These new transmission tariffs follow assertions by the national government and others that the national electricity company is losing money from the low fees paid by private energy providers.
https://web.archive.org/save/
https://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5593425&fecha=15/05/2020

https://web.archive.org/save/
https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/economia/cfe-da-tarifazo-a-privados-sube-costos-de-transmision-hasta-en-800
Mexico National Fossil unconditional Fiscal Stimulus to Pemex Resources Oil and oil products Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 3015961395.6941 2020042121/04/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público Government To release resources to increase investments in oil exploration and extraction. $65,000,000,000 Mexican Pesos 65000000000 Due to the international oil price crash, the Mexican government will reduce the tax on oil extraction, thereby providing a stimulus of up to 65 billion Mexican pesos to foster Pemex investments on exploration and extraction. The tax called the "Derecho de Utilidad Compartida (DUC)" is the tax paid by the company for the amount of crude oil extracted.
https://web.archive.org/web/20200710182046/
https://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5591969&fecha=21/04/2020

https://web.archive.org/save/
https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/economia/hacienda-formaliza-apoyo-a-pemex-por-65-mil-millones-de-pesos
Mexico Mexico City (CDMX) Clean unconditional Expansion of Cycling Lanes in Mexico City Mobility Active transport New or extended regulation (IT... 2020060404/06/2020 Other Active transport (cycling or walking) City government, Mexico City Secretary of Transport (Secretaría de Movilidad de la Ciudad de México - SEMOVI) Government To reduce congestion in public transport, and to offer an alternative to motorized vehicle use. 01/06/2020 This policy aims to offer an alternative sustainable transport option, especially oriented toward people who work in essential services.
https://web.archive.org/save/
https://www.semovi.cdmx.gob.mx/comunicacion/nota/boletin-guia-ciclovias-emergentes