Sweden

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Sweden has committed at least USD 8.44 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 1.44 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 9 policies (9 quantified)
  • At least USD 644.95 million for conditional fossil fuels through 2 policies (2 quantified)
  • At least USD 389.11 million for unconditional clean energy through 10 policies (10 quantified)
  • At least USD 5.24 billion for conditional clean energy through 39 policies (38 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 720.48 million for other energy through 5 policies (5 quantified)

By energy type, Sweden committed at least USD 1.45 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 908.03 million to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 542.89 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Sweden through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Sweden can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

Updated: 25 May 2022


At least

$2.09 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$202.75

Per capita



At least

$5.63 billion

Supporting clean energy

$547.38

Per capita

Sweden

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Sweden has committed at least USD 8.44 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 1.44 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 9 policies (9 quantified)
  • At least USD 644.95 million for conditional fossil fuels through 2 policies (2 quantified)
  • At least USD 389.11 million for unconditional clean energy through 10 policies (10 quantified)
  • At least USD 5.24 billion for conditional clean energy through 39 policies (38 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • At least USD 720.48 million for other energy through 5 policies (5 quantified)

By energy type, Sweden committed at least USD 1.45 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 908.03 million to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 542.89 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Sweden through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

More information on key poverty and inequality indicators in Sweden can be found on the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard page.

$ %

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in Sweden recovery packages since January 2020, USD billion, as of 25 May 2022

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Sweden National Clean unconditional Support for biogas production Multiple sectors Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 54288816.5038 2021121616/12/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Swedish Government Government To create conditions for a large scale domestic production of biofuels and hydrogen. 01/01/2022 500000000 Grant to support large-scale domestic production of biofuels and hydrogen. This policy is aimed to support research, investments, demonstration projects and support in production for companies that want to develop sustainable biofuels and electric- and hydrogen technologies for road transport, aviation and industry. The grant also fits support to increase biogas production.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Investments in charging infrastructure Mobility Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 65146579.80456 2021121616/12/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Swedish Government Government Expand the charging infrastructure network for electric vehicles 01/01/2022 600000000 Investments to build out the national network of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. This includes building out the charging infrastructure for electric trucks, focusing on regional networks and connected routes between larger Swedish cities as a first step.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Other energy Support for operation of Bio-CCS Other sector Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1628664.495114 2021121616/12/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Governmental support of the operation of bio-CCS 01/01/2022 15000000 Economic support for the operation of bio-CCS, including sequestration, capture and storage of CO2 from renewable resources. The support should be designed to function as reverse auction.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for industrial decarbonisation Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 98697068.403909 2021121616/12/2021 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions 01/01/2022 909000000 Support for industry to take measures to lower emissions.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional “Climate premium” subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly he... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 173778501.62866 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 01/01/2022 1600500000 The "climate premium" subsidy promotes the introduction of trucks, buses and working machines with low emissions on the market by reducing the purchase cost of these for companies, municipalities and regions.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Local and regional climate investments Mobility Other energy type Budget or off-budget transfer ... 299131378.93594 2021121616/12/2021 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Support for investments in climate action nationally. 01/01/2022 2755000000 Funding program to support national climate investments, such as investments and investment support for charging infrastructure on a local and regional level.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional “Climate bonus” subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehi... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 381107491.85668 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 01/01/2022 3510000000 Subsidies to support the purchase of electric vehicles and other vehicles that emit less than 60g of CO2 per km. The sales of vehiles entitled to the subsidy increased in 2021 funds are therefore allocated this year as well.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/994186E7-FE3B-4A07-B7FA-6BA4A0056025 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for maintaining public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 108577633.0076 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss 01/01/2022 1000000000 Support for maintaining public transport

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for international night trains Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4885993.485342 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Enabling climate smart travel from Sweden to European destinations. 01/01/2022 45000000 Procurement of night train services to European destinations.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Other energy Support to transport infrastructure development in Gothenburg using surplus from congestion tax in G... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 111313789.35939 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Transport infrastructure development in the Gothenburg region 01/01/2022 1025200000 The surplus from the congestion tax in Gothenburg will contribute to the financing of investments in public transport, railways and roads in Gothenburg, e.g. The West Link project (a railway connection in a tunnel under the center of Gothenburg) and a new river connection for road traffic at Marieholm.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Other energy Support to transport infrastructure developments in Stockholm using surplus from the congestion tax ... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 211009771.98697 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Transport infrastructure development in the Stockholm region 01/01/2022 1943400000 "The surplus from the congestion tax in Stockholm shall, in accordance with the Stockholm Agreement, finance Stockholm Bypass (a motorway connection) and other road-related projects in the Stockholm region and the expansion of the metro."

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Supporting the transition to a fossil-free shipping sector Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4885993.485342 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting the decarbonization of the maritime sector 01/01/2022 45000000 Part of the policy "Compensation for the coastguard and recreational boat purposes". SEK 45 million have been earmarked to decarbonize the Swedish Maritime Administrations fleet.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Other energy Investments for national infrastructure plans Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 29315960.912052 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Transport infrastructure development 01/01/2022 270000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Other energy Investments in regional planning Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 367209554.8317 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Transport infrastructure development 01/01/2022 3382000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for sustainable communities and municipalities Multiple sectors Multiple renewable Budget or off-budget transfer ... 157437567.86102 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting sustainable communities and municipalities 01/01/2022 1450000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure. This particular measure funds efforts aiming at increasing the share of passegners using public transport or cycling, and efforts towards sustainable freight solutions.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]
"
https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
https://www.trafikverket.se/tjanster/ansok-om/ansok-om-bidrag/statligt-stod-for-hallbara-stadsmiljoer---stadsmiljoavtal/ [date of access: 2022-01-18]"
Sweden National Clean conditional Development of state-owned infrastructure – trimming, streamlining and environmental measures Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Improving the function of the existing transport infrastructure and reducing its environmental impact 01/01/2022 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure. This particular measure is directed towards efforts of improving the function of existing transport infrastructure and reduce its environmental impact.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]
"
https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
http://trafikverket.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1615267/FULLTEXT01.pdf [date of access: 2022-01-18]"
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Development of state-owned maritime infrastructure Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 28555917.480999 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Maritime transport infrastructure development 01/01/2022 263000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Development of state-owned rail infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1336373507.0575 2022121616/12/2022 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Rail transport infrastructure development 01/01/2022 12308000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Development of state-owned road infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 532356134.63626 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Road transport infrastructure development 01/01/2022 4903000000 Part of a policy-package that provides funding for, for example long-term infrastructure planning for road, rail and maritime transport; investments of state-owned roads, rails, fairways and locks; governmental co-financing of building regional public transport infrastructure.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/D24699F9-97BC-4435-88FD-73499D71B9CA [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Energy advisory service Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 15200868.621064 2021121616/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Helping individuals and industry lower its emissions and energy consumption 01/01/2022 140000000 Funding of energy-related consultation services for individuals and companies

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/A565E605-D961-4453-84E7-0F9671320A5F [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for energy technologies Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 62714440.82519 2021121616/12/2021 Other energy stage Swedish Government Government Supporting energy technologies with positive climate effects. 01/01/2022 577600000 Funding to support spreading energy technology solutions with a positive effect on the climate.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/A565E605-D961-4453-84E7-0F9671320A5F [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Efforts for fossil-free electricity production Power generation Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2714440.82519 2021121616/12/2021 Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Promoting fossil-free electricity production 01/01/2022 25000000 Funding to facilitate the development of fossil-free electricity generation and to study environmental effects of fossil-free electricity generation.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/A565E605-D961-4453-84E7-0F9671320A5F [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Efforts to improve energy efficiency Multiple sectors Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1954397.3941368 2021121616/12/2021 Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government More resource efficient energy consumption and lower emissions 01/01/2022 18000000 Support for development and market introduction of energy efficiency technologies.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/A565E605-D961-4453-84E7-0F9671320A5F [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean unconditional Government energy efficiency grants for apartment buildings Buildings Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 33550488.599349 2021121616/12/2021 Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions 01/01/2022 309000000 Grants to lower the costs of energy efficiency improvements and renovations of apartment blocks and outside areas.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/AC098BF3-2108-45D7-9D19-1FEECDDC9171 [date of access: 2021-12-16]

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/sa-funkar-riksdagen/riksdagens-uppgifter/beslutar-om-statens-budget/riksdagens-arbete-med-statens-budget-for-2022/ [date of access: 2021-12-16]
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for industrial decarbonization Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 108577.6330076 2021112424/11/2021 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions 24/11/2021 1000000 Support for industries to take measures to lower emissions.

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/arende/betankande/hostandringsbudget-for-2021_H901FiU11 [date of access: 2021-12-01]
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase of the “Climate bonus” subsidy program to support the sale of new environmental... Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 206297502.71444 2021112424/11/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 24/11/2021 1900000000 Subsidies to support the purchase of electric vehicles and other vehicles that emit less than 60g of CO2 per km. Increased as the number of purchased vehicles entitled to the subsidy was larger than estimated.

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/arende/betankande/hostandringsbudget-for-2021_H901FiU11 [date of access: 2021-12-01]
Sweden National Clean unconditional Decrease in government energy efficiency grants for apartment buildings Buildings Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 70575461.45494 2021112424/11/2021 Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions 24/11/2021 650000000 Grants to lower the costs of energy efficiency improvements and renovations of apartment blocks and outside areas. Decreased to finance grants to set up rental housing and housing for students.

https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/arende/betankande/hostandringsbudget-for-2021_H901FiU11 [date of access: 2021-12-01]
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 108577633.0076 2021040808/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss. 01/07/2021 1000000000 Grants to public transport companies to help them with the decrease of revenue due to COVID-19

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/F99ED1F1-C420-4B41-8CE6-D043429A3F8C
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in grants for energy advisory services Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2171552.660152 2021040808/04/2021 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Helping individuals and industry lower its emissions and energy consumption 01/07/2021 20000000 Funding of energy-relation consultation services for individuals and companies

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/F99ED1F1-C420-4B41-8CE6-D043429A3F8C
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 10857763.30076 2021040808/04/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 01/07/2021 100000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of eletric vehicles and other types of vehicles that emit less than 60g of CO2 per km. The subsidy program is increased to support the sale of electric trucks.

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/F99ED1F1-C420-4B41-8CE6-D043429A3F8C
Sweden National Clean conditional “Electricity and hydrogen charging infrastruture for heavy transport “ Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... -10857763.30076 2021040808/04/2021 Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Swedish Government Government Reduction in support electrification of the heavy transport sector 01/07/2021 -100000000 Reduction in public investment into charging infracture including hydrogen for heavy duty vehicles. Saved amount will go to Klimate premiums (Isubsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles ).

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/F99ED1F1-C420-4B41-8CE6-D043429A3F8C
Sweden National Clean unconditional Increase in government energy efficiency grants for apartment buildings Buildings Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 5971769.815418 2021040808/04/2021 Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions 01/07/2021 55000000 Grants to lower the costs of energy efficiency improvements and renovations of apartment blocks and outside areas

https://data.riksdagen.se/fil/F99ED1F1-C420-4B41-8CE6-D043429A3F8C
Sweden National Clean conditional Subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 18458197.611292 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 26/11/2020 170000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of eletric vehicles and other types of vehicles that emit less than 60g of CO2 per km.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Fossil conditional Cancellation of GDP-linked price increase of fuel prices to offset increase costs from expedited gro... Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 102062975.02714 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Offsetting price increase of fuels due to faster growth in share of biofuels. 25/11/2020 940000000 According to the governments own assessment, this temporary stop in GDP-linked surcharge to fuel will lead to an increase in demand for mostly fossil-based fuel for transport. However, the policy is part of a new policy to increase the share of biofuels in regular petrol to 28% and in diesel to 66% by 2030. The new policy also include aviation, which will have to raise the share of biofuels to 0.8 percent in 2021 and to 27% by 2030.
"
https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/09/branslebytet-forstarks-med-hogre-inblandning-av-fornybart-i-drivmedel/"
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Swedavia capital injection Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 271444082.519 2020061515/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Safeguarding air service infrastructure and key transport links 2500000000 "The Government proposes a capital injection of up to SEK 3 150 million to the state-owned Swedavia AB which owns and manages ten mayor airports in Sweden. The Government considers that this capital injection is necessary to enable investments and maintenance. In October 2020, the government made the decision to approve a total of SEK 2.5 billion in capital for the company. The governments proposal does include a requirement for Swedavia to increase intermodal links between aviation and rail transport. "
"
https://www.regeringen.se/496671/globalassets/regeringen/dokument/naringsdepartementet/statliga-bolag/rapport-for-bolag-med-statligt-agande-jan-dec-2020-webb.pdf
https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
https://www.government.se/press-releases/2020/06/the-government-proposes-a-capital-injection-of-sek-3-150-million-to-swedavia/ "
Sweden National Clean conditional Green jobs program Other sector Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13680781.758958 2020091717/09/2020 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Reducing unemployment 126000000 The green jobs program is targeting long-term unemployed and is subsidizing low-skill jobs in nature protection and forestry.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for biogas Power generation Biofuels and waste New or extended regulation (IT... 21715526.60152 2020091717/09/2020 Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production 200000000 Compensation is only given to producers of biogas for transport purposes (cars, trucks, agriculture machines etc). Compensation is not given to biogas produced from sludged, food production (with some exemptions) and landfills.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Energy advisory service Resources Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13029315.960912 2020091717/09/2020 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Helping individuals and industry lower its emissions and energy consumption 120000000 Funding of energy-relation consultation services for individuals and companies

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Extension and phase-out of support for solar-power pv Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 28230184.581976 2020091717/09/2020 Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production 260000000 Increase in funding for an existing policy that offer grants to households and companies for installing solar pv. This increase is in addition to an increase in funding of SEK 200 million announced in 2020. This new funding is on top of already exisiting funding. Funding for 2020 has been increased by using funds allocated for 2021 and 2022, and additional funding of the magnutide of 200 million SEK have been announded for 2021 and 2022.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Transfer of support for solar pv and energy storage Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 119435396.30836 2020091717/09/2020 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Supporting investment in decentralized energy generation and storage 1100000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of solar pv and energy storage.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Credit guarantees for green investments Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 1085776330.076 2020091717/09/2020 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions 10000000000 Credit guarantee to support investments into measures to decarbonize industry and support new carbon-free production technology.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for industrial decarbonisation Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 16286644.95114 2020091717/09/2020 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions 150000000 Support for industry to take measures to lower emissions.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Increase in grants to support climate action by local governments and companies Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 10857763.30076 2020091717/09/2020 Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions 100000000 Grants to support individuals and companies in taking measures that lower emissions and safe energy.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Support for bicycling Mobility Active transport New or extended regulation (IT... 2714440.82519 2020091717/09/2020 Active transport (cycling or walking) Swedish Government Government Support for biking infrastructure 25000000 Program to support the build out of biking infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for sustainable communities and municipalities Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 32573289.90228 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting local governments in investing in climate action 300000000 Program to support local governments to invest in energy efficiency, public transport etc.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for international night trains Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... -4885993.485342 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Enabling climate smart travel from Sweden to European destinations. -45000000 Procurement of night train services to European destinations. This policy proposes a cut in government investment by SEK 45 million and SEK 5 million in 2021 and 2022, respectively, and an increase by SEK 95 million in 2023.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for rail freight transport Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 43431053.20304 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Reducing emissions from road transport 400000000 Financial compensation to railway operators that have transported goods on a commercial basis.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Additional investments in road infrastructure Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 54288816.5038 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Road maintenance 500000000 Funding for additional investment in road infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Additional investments in railway infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 54288816.5038 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Maintenance of railway infrastructure and reduce transport emissions 500000000 Funding for investments in railway infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 217155266.0152 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss 2000000000 Grants to public transport companies to help them with the decrease in revenue due to COVID-19

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Government energy efficiency grants for apartment buildings Buildings Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... 97719869.70684 2020091717/09/2020 Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions 900000000 Grants to lower the costs of energy efficiency improvements and renovations of apartment blocks and outside areas

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Enlargement of subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 43431053.20304 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles 400000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of eletric vehicles and other types of vehicles that emit less than 70g of CO2 per km.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a676e/contentassets/af072fa9ca9e4b6c90ee81d9102bc5c6/hostandringsbudget-for-2020-prop.-2020212.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Additional payment of tax debt related to electricity consumption in the railway sector Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 63485342.019544 2020091717/09/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Lowering tax debt of the railway sector. 584700000 Payment of tax debt from energy consumption in the railway sector which accumulated from august 2019 until May 2020.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a676e/contentassets/af072fa9ca9e4b6c90ee81d9102bc5c6/hostandringsbudget-for-2020-prop.-2020212.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Payment of tax debt related to electricity consumption in the railway sector Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 103583061.88925 2020040909/04/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Lowering tax debt of the railway sector. 16/06/2020 954000000 Payment of tax debt from energy consumption in the railway sector which accumulated between January 2018 and June 2019.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 325732899.0228 2020051111/05/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss 02/07/2020 3000000000 Grants to public transport companies to help them with the decrease in revenue due to COVID-19

https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/07/regeringsbeslut-om-stod-till-kollektivtrafiken/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Support for the Swedish Maritime Administration Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 32573289.90228 2020061515/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Ensuring central maritime transport infrastructure. 23/06/2020 300000000 Increase in the agency's appropiation to compensate loss in revenue from shipping.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Support for LFV Swedish Air Traffic Control Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 97719869.70684 2020061515/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Maintaining central aviation infrastructure. 23/06/2020 900000000 Increase in the agency's appropriation to compensate loss in revenue from aviation

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Additional investments in road infrastructure Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 32573289.90228 2020052020/05/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government COVID-19 recovery and fighting unemployment 03/06/2020 300000000 Funding is earmarked for additional investment in road infrastructure made possible by the COVID-19 crises that have positive impact on employment particularly in rural areas.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/05/prop.-201920167/
Sweden National Clean conditional Additional investment in rail infrastructure maintainance Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 78175895.765472 2020052020/05/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government COVID-19 recovery and fighting unemployment 03/06/2020 720000000 This increase in funding is supposed to cover - Loss in revenue of railway operators in the order of SEK 120 million due to COVID-19 - Cost increases of planned projects in the order of SEK400 million due to i.a. higher tender amounts and content changes - Additional maintenance measures made possible by the COVID-19 crises in the order of SEK 200 million that have positive impact on employment

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/05/prop.-201920167/
Sweden National Clean unconditional Extension and increase in support for solar pv Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 21715526.60152 2020041515/04/2020 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production 16/06/2020 200000000 Increase in funding for an existing policy that offer grants to households and companies for installing solar pv. This new funding is on top of already existing funding. Funding for 2020 has been increased by using funds allocated for 2021 and 2022, and additional funding of the magnitude of 200 million SEK have been announded for 2021 and 2022.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Clean conditional Extension of support for biogas production Power generation Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13029315.960912 2020041515/04/2020 Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production and rural development 16/06/2020 120000000 Compensation is only given to producers of biogas for transport purposes (cars, trucks, agriculture machines etc). Compensation is not given to biogas produced from sludged, food production (with some exemptions) and landfills.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
https://jordbruksverket.se/stod/fornybar-energi/biogasstod-2020
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Credit guarantees for airline companies Mobility Oil and oil products Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 380021715.5266 2020041111/04/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Ensuring the survival of the Swedish aviation industry. 3500000000 Beneficiaries of this policy are airlines that had a licence to operate in Sweden for 2020 and that most of their operations or their headquaters in Sweden. Loan guarantees will only be offered until the end of this year and will only last for a total of six years. Initially, SAS was slated to receive SEK 1.5 billion from a total of SEK 5 billion. However, this guarantee was canceled as a consequence of the European Commission's approval for the Swedish governments participation in SAS recapitalization.

https://finans.dk/politik/ECE12017437/danmark-og-sverige-stiller-garantier-for-sas-for-i-alt-3-mia-svenske-kroner/?
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/sweden-gets-airline-bailout-green-light-from-eu/

https://web.archive.org/web/20200318152830/
https://finans.dk/politik/ECE12017437/danmark-og-sverige-stiller-garantier-for-sas-for-i-alt-3-mia-svenske-kroner/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200416080030/
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/sweden-gets-airline-bailout-green-light-from-eu/
Sweden National Clean conditional Green jobs program Multiple sectors Non-applicable (non-energy measure) New or extended regulation (IT... 16286644.95114 2020041515/04/2020 Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Reducing unemployment 16/06/2020 150000000 The green jobs program is targeting long-term unemployed and is subsidizing low-skill jobs in nature protection and forestry.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Grant to small airports Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 10857763.30076 2020061515/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting small airports in dealing with revenue loss due to Covid-19 23/06/2020 100000000 Unconditional grants are intended to cover the operating deficits related to COVID-19 of municipal and private airports that are not owned by the state. Unlike stated in already existing regulation, these grants can also be used to support airports that are not served by airlines procured by the state and that received state operating aid in 2019.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil conditional SAS recapitalization plan Mobility Oil and oil products Equity injection or nationalis... 542888165.038 2020061515/06/2020 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Safeguarding air service coverage and key transport links 29/09/2020 5000000000 SAS recapitalization plan - which has been jointly agreed by Sweden and Denmark - brings forward the airlines target of 25% reduction (compared to 2005 levels) of its net CO2 emissions from 2030 to 2025. The recapitalisation plan comprises: - Around SEK 2 billion (approximately €194 million) equity participation through the subscription of new shares, shared between Denmark and Sweden; -Up to around SEK 3 billion (approximately €292 million) equity participation through the subscription and underwriting of new shares in a rights issue, shared between Denmark and Sweden; and -SEK 6 billion (approximately €583 million) newly issued State hybrid notes with the features of an equity instrument non-convertible into shares, of which SEK 2.5 billion (approximately €243 million) is allocated to Sweden and SEK 3.5 billion (approximately €340 million) is allocated to Denmark.

https://www.sasgroup.net/investor-relations/recapitalization-plan/sas-announces-revised-recapitalization-plan/
https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488

https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/06/nionde-extra-andringsbudgeten-overlamnad-till-riksdagen/
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/eu-clears-e1bn-plan-to-recapitalise-virus-hit-airline-sas/
https://www.sasgroup.net/investor-relations/recapitalization-plan/sas-resolves-to-issue-new-hybrid-notes-and-shares-in-accordance-with-its-recapitalization-plan/