Sweden

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Sweden has committed at least USD 3.69 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 608.03 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 6 policies (6 quantified)
  • At least USD 542.89 million for conditional fossil fuels through 1 policy (1 quantified)
  • At least USD 224.72 million for unconditional clean energy through 6 policies (6 quantified)
  • At least USD 2.31 billion for conditional clean energy through 19 policies (19 quantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for other energy

By energy type, Sweden committed at least USD 1.15 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 608.03 million to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 542.89 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Sweden through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Updated: 7 April 2021


At least

$1.15 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$111.90

Per capita



At least

$2.53 billion

Supporting clean energy

$246.44

Per capita

Sweden

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, Sweden has committed at least USD 3.69 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 608.03 million for unconditional fossil fuels through 6 policies (6 quantified)
  • At least USD 542.89 million for conditional fossil fuels through 1 policy (1 quantified)
  • At least USD 224.72 million for unconditional clean energy through 6 policies (6 quantified)
  • At least USD 2.31 billion for conditional clean energy through 19 policies (19 quantified)
  • No public money commitments identified for other energy

By energy type, Sweden committed at least USD 1.15 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 608.03 million to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 542.89 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, no public money commitments identified for coal.

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of Sweden through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 7 April 2021

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Sweden National Clean conditional Green jobs program Other sector Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13680781.758958 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Reducing unemployment SEK 126 million 126000000 The green jobs program is targeting long-term unemployed and is subsidizing low-skill jobs in nature protection and forestry.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for biogas Power generation Biofuels and waste New or extended regulation (IT... 21715526.60152 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production SEK 200 million 200000000 Compensation is only given to producers of biogas for transport purposes (cars, trucks, agriculture machines etc). Compensation is not given to biogas produced from sludged, food production (with some exemptions) and landfills.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Energy advisory service Resources Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13029315.960912 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Helping individuals and industry lower its emissions and energy consumption SEK 120 million 120000000 Funding of energy-relation consultation services for individuals and companies

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Extension and phase-out of support for solar-power pv Power generation Solar New or extended regulation (IT... 28230184.581976 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production SEK 260 million 260000000 Increase in funding for an existing policy that offer grants to households and companies for installing solar pv. This increase is in addition to an increase in funding of SEK 200 million announced in 2020. This new funding is on top of already exisiting funding. Funding for 2020 has been increased by using funds allocated for 2021 and 2022, and additional funding of the magnutide of 200 million SEK have been announded for 2021 and 2022.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Transfer of support for solar pv and energy storage Power generation Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 119435396.30836 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Supporting investment in decentralized energy generation and storage SEK 1.1 billion 1100000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of solar pv and energy storage.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Credit guarantees for green investments Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 1085776330.076 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions SEK 10 billion 10000000000 Credit guarantee to support investments into measures to decarbonize industry and support new carbon-free production technology.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for industrial decarbonisation Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 16286644.95114 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Decrease industry emissions SEK 150 million 150000000 Support for industry to take measures to lower emissions.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Increase in grants to support climate action by local governments and companies Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 10857763.30076 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions SEK 100 million 100000000 Grants to support individuals and companies in taking measures that lower emissions and safe energy.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 53203040.173724 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles SEK 490 million 490000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of electric vehicles and other types of vehicles that emit less than 60g of CO2 per km.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Support for bicycling Mobility Active transport New or extended regulation (IT... 2714440.82519 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Active transport (cycling or walking) Swedish Government Government Support for biking infrastructure SEK 25 million 25000000 Program to support the build out of biking infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for sustainable communities and municipalities Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 32573289.90228 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting local governments in investing in climate action SEK 300 million 300000000 Program to support local governments to invest in energy efficiency, public transport etc.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Increase in support for international night trains Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 4885993.485342 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Enabling climate smart travel from Sweden to European destinations. SEK 45 million 45000000 Procurement of night train services to European destinations. This policy proposes a cut in government investment by SEK 45 million and SEK 5 million in 2021 and 2022, respectively, and an increase by SEK 95 million in 2023.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for rail freight transport Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 43431053.20304 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Reducing emissions from road transport SEK 400 million 400000000 Financial compensation to railway operators that have transported goods on a commercial basis.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Additional investments in road infrastructure Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 54288816.5038 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Road maintenance SEK 500 million 500000000 Funding for additional investment in road infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Additional investments in railway infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 54288816.5038 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Maintenance of railway infrastructure and reduce transport emissions SEK 500 million 500000000 Funding for investments in railway infrastructure

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 217155266.0152 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss SEK 2 billion 2000000000 Grants to public transport companies to help them with the decrease in revenue due to COVID-19

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Government energy efficiency grants for apartment buildings Buildings Energy efficiency New or extended regulation (IT... 97719869.70684 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Swedish Government Government Reduce energy consumption and lower emissions SEK 900 million 900000000 Grants to lower the costs of energy efficiency improvements and renovations of apartment blocks and outside areas

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Electricity and hydrogen charging infrastruture for heavy transport Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 54288816.5038 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution Swedish Government Government Support electrification of the heavy transport sector SEK 500 million 500000000 Public investment into charging infracture including hydrogen for heavy duty vehicles.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a6921/contentassets/bc0f4b1a4ce844f2aa59949d09c93f29/forslag-till-statens-budget-for-2021-finansplan-och-skattefragor-kapitel-1-13-bilagor-1-17.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Enlargement of subsidy program to support the sale of new environmentally friendly vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 43431053.20304 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Support the sale of low-emission vehicles SEK400 million 400000000 Subsidies to promote the purchase of eletric vehicles and other types of vehicles that emit less than 70g of CO2 per km.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a676e/contentassets/af072fa9ca9e4b6c90ee81d9102bc5c6/hostandringsbudget-for-2020-prop.-2020212.pdf
Sweden National Clean unconditional Additional payment of tax debt related to electricity consumption in the railway sector Mobility Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 63485342.019544 2020091717/09/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Lowering tax debt of the railway sector. SEK 584.7 million 584700000 Payment of tax debt from energy consumption in the railway sector which accumulated from august 2019 until May 2020.

https://www.regeringen.se/4a676e/contentassets/af072fa9ca9e4b6c90ee81d9102bc5c6/hostandringsbudget-for-2020-prop.-2020212.pdf
Sweden National Clean conditional Payment of tax debt related to electricity consumption in the railway sector Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 103583061.88925 2020040909/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Lowering tax debt of the railway sector. 16/06/2020 SEK 954 million 954000000 Payment of tax debt from energy consumption in the railway sector which accumulated between January 2018 and June 2019.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Clean conditional Support for public transport Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 325732899.0228 2020051111/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting public transport in dealing with COVID-19 revenue loss 02/07/2020 SEK 3 billion 3000000000 Grants to public transport companies to help them with the decrease in revenue due to COVID-19

https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/07/regeringsbeslut-om-stod-till-kollektivtrafiken/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Support for the Swedish Maritime Administration Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 32573289.90228 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Ensuring central maritime transport infrastructure. 23/06/2020 SEK 300 million 300000000 Increase in the agency's appropiation to compensate loss in revenue from shipping.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Support for LFV Swedish Air Traffic Control Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 97719869.70684 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Maintaining central aviation infrastructure. 23/06/2020 SEK 900 million 900000000 Increase in the agency's appropriation to compensate loss in revenue from aviation

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Additional investments in road infrastructure Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 32573289.90228 2020052020/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government COVID-19 recovery and fighting unemployment 03/06/2020 SEK 300 million 300000000 Funding is earmarked for additional investment in road infrastructure made possible by the COVID-19 crises that have positive impact on employment particularly in rural areas.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/05/prop.-201920167/
Sweden National Clean conditional Additional investment in rail infrastructure maintainance Mobility Multiple energy types Government procurement (DT) 78175895.765472 2020052020/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government COVID-19 recovery and fighting unemployment 03/06/2020 SEK 720 million 720000000 This increase in funding is supposed to cover - Loss in revenue of railway operators in the order of SEK 120 million due to COVID-19 - Cost increases of planned projects in the order of SEK400 million due to i.a. higher tender amounts and content changes - Additional maintenance measures made possible by the COVID-19 crises in the order of SEK 200 million that have positive impact on employment

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/05/prop.-201920167/
Sweden National Clean unconditional Extension and increase in support for solar pv Power generation Solar Budget or off-budget transfer ... 21715526.60152 2020041515/04/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production 16/06/2020 SEK 200 million 200000000 Increase in funding for an existing policy that offer grants to households and companies for installing solar pv. This new funding is on top of already existing funding. Funding for 2020 has been increased by using funds allocated for 2021 and 2022, and additional funding of the magnitude of 200 million SEK have been announded for 2021 and 2022.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Clean conditional Extension of support for biogas production Power generation Biofuels and waste Budget or off-budget transfer ... 13029315.960912 2020041515/04/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation Swedish Government Government Supporting renewable energy production and rural development 16/06/2020 SEK120 million 120000000 Compensation is only given to producers of biogas for transport purposes (cars, trucks, agriculture machines etc). Compensation is not given to biogas produced from sludged, food production (with some exemptions) and landfills.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
https://jordbruksverket.se/stod/fornybar-energi/biogasstod-2020
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Credit guarantees for airline companies Mobility Oil and oil products Loan guarantee (Hybrid) 380021715.5266 2020041111/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Ensuring the survival of the Swedish aviation industry. SEK 3.5 billion 3500000000 Beneficiaries of this policy are airlines that had a licence to operate in Sweden for 2020 and that most of their operations or their headquaters in Sweden. Loan guarantees will only be offered until the end of this year and will only last for a total of six years. Initially, SAS was slated to receive SEK 1.5 billion from a total of SEK 5 billion. However, this guarantee was canceled as a consequence of the European Commission's approval for the Swedish governments participation in SAS recapitalization.

https://finans.dk/politik/ECE12017437/danmark-og-sverige-stiller-garantier-for-sas-for-i-alt-3-mia-svenske-kroner/?
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/sweden-gets-airline-bailout-green-light-from-eu/

https://web.archive.org/web/20200318152830/
https://finans.dk/politik/ECE12017437/danmark-og-sverige-stiller-garantier-for-sas-for-i-alt-3-mia-svenske-kroner/
https://web.archive.org/web/20200416080030/
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/sweden-gets-airline-bailout-green-light-from-eu/
Sweden National Clean conditional Green jobs program Multiple sectors Non-applicable (non-energy measure) New or extended regulation (IT... 16286644.95114 2020041515/04/2020 Fiscal Non-applicable (non-energy measure) Swedish Government Government Reducing unemployment 16/06/2020 SEK 150 million 150000000 The green jobs program is targeting long-term unemployed and is subsidizing low-skill jobs in nature protection and forestry.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/04/prop.-201920100/
Sweden National Fossil unconditional Grant to small airports Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 10857763.30076 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Supporting small airports in dealing with revenue loss due to Covid-19 23/06/2020 SEK 100 million 100000000 Unconditional grants are intended to cover the operating deficits related to COVID-19 of municipal and private airports that are not owned by the state. Unlike stated in already existing regulation, these grants can also be used to support airports that are not served by airlines procured by the state and that received state operating aid in 2019.

https://www.regeringen.se/rattsliga-dokument/proposition/2020/06/prop.-201920187/
Sweden National Fossil conditional SAS recapitalization plan Mobility Oil and oil products Equity injection or nationalis... 542888165.038 2020061515/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Swedish Government Government Safeguarding air service coverage and key transport links 29/09/2020 SEK 5 billion 5000000000 SAS recapitalization plan - which has been jointly agreed by Sweden and Denmark - brings forward the airlines target of 25% reduction (compared to 2005 levels) of its net CO2 emissions from 2030 to 2025. The recapitalisation plan comprises: - Around SEK 2 billion (approximately €194 million) equity participation through the subscription of new shares, shared between Denmark and Sweden; -Up to around SEK 3 billion (approximately €292 million) equity participation through the subscription and underwriting of new shares in a rights issue, shared between Denmark and Sweden; and -SEK 6 billion (approximately €583 million) newly issued State hybrid notes with the features of an equity instrument non-convertible into shares, of which SEK 2.5 billion (approximately €243 million) is allocated to Sweden and SEK 3.5 billion (approximately €340 million) is allocated to Denmark.

https://www.sasgroup.net/investor-relations/recapitalization-plan/sas-announces-revised-recapitalization-plan/
https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_1488

https://www.regeringen.se/pressmeddelanden/2020/06/nionde-extra-andringsbudgeten-overlamnad-till-riksdagen/
https://www.euractiv.com/section/aviation/news/eu-clears-e1bn-plan-to-recapitalise-virus-hit-airline-sas/
https://www.sasgroup.net/investor-relations/recapitalization-plan/sas-resolves-to-issue-new-hybrid-notes-and-shares-in-accordance-with-its-recapitalization-plan/