China

Since the beginning of the COVID19 pandemic in early 2020, China has committed at least USD 40.51 billion to supporting different energy types through new or amended policies, according to official government sources and other publicly available information. These public money commitments include:

  • At least USD 4.57 billion for unconditional fossil fuels through 7 policies (3 quantified and 4 unquantified)
  • At least USD 821.32 million for conditional fossil fuels through 2 policies (1 quantified and 1 unquantified)
  • Some public money committed for unconditional clean energy (1 policy with the value of public money unquantified)
  • At least USD 27.41 billion for conditional clean energy through 9 policies (6 quantified and 3 unquantified)
  • At least USD 7.72 billion for other energy through 1 policy (1 quantified)
Updated: 21 October 2020


At least

$5.39 billion

Supporting fossil fuel energy

$3.86

Per capita



At least

$27.41 billion

Supporting clean energy

$19.61

Per capita

By energy type, China committed at least USD 4.34 billion to oil and gas (at least USD 3.52 billion to unconditional oil and gas and at least USD 821.32 million to conditional oil and gas).

In addition, China committed at least USD 1.05 billion to coal (at least USD 1.05 billion to unconditional coal).

Further, no public money commitments identified for hydrogen based on fossil fuels.

Finally, no public money commitments identified for multiple fossil fuels.

A considerably larger amount of public money committed to supporting the economy and people of China through monetary and fiscal policies in response to the crisis may also benefit different elements of the energy sector. However, these values are not available from official legislation and statements and therefore are not included in the database. Meanwhile, in addition to monetary and fiscal measures, the database lists other policies and regulations that can also provide benefits to producers and consumers of different energy types.

These public money commitments are additional to many other government policies that had existed to support different energy types before the COVID19 pandemic.

Public money commitments to fossil fuels, clean and other energy in recovery packages, USD billion, as of 21 October 2020

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Policy type Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value as stated (specify currency) Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
China National Clean conditional Improving the construction and operation of biomass power generation projects Power generation Biofuels and waste Uncategorized 213219616.20469 2020091111/09/2020 Other Electricity generation National Development and Reform Commission Government to manage the construction and operation of biomass power generation projects and arrange central government's new biomass power generation subsidy funds and promote the sustainable and healthy development of the power industry 1.5 billion yuan 1500000000 In recent years, with the support of national policies, the scale of biomass power generation construction has continued to increase, project construction and operation have maintained a high level, and the level of technology and equipment manufacturing has continued to improve, helping to build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system, and speeding up the treatment of agricultural and forestry waste in various places and with food and household waste playing an important role. In order to promote the healthy development of the renewable energy power generation industry such as biomass power generation, in January 2020, the Ministry of Finance, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the National Energy Administration jointly issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Non-aqueous Renewable Energy Power Generation", which determines the installed capacity of newly-added projects. In order to do a good job in the management of the construction and operation of biomass power generation projects in 2020, this new plan arranges the central government's new biomass power generation subsidy funds in 2020, and promotes the sustainable and healthy development of the industry.
https://www.ndrc.gov.cn/xxgk/zcfb/tz/202009/t20200916_1238868.html Accessed 28 September 2020
https://www.ndrc.gov.cn/xxgk/jd/jd/202009/t20200916_1238852.html Accessed 28 September 2020
China National Clean conditional China pledges to become carbon neutral before 2060 Multiple sectors Multiple energy types New or extended regulation (IT... 2020092222/09/2020 Other Several energy stages President of China Government cutting emissions to net zero Speaking at the recent UN General Assembly China announced it would become carbon neutral by 2060, which is seen by many as a landmark move. That being said the target is set at a later stage than others countries which have set such goals for 2030-2050 and it is not clear whether it includes all GHG emissions or just Co2.
https://www.climatechangenews.com/2020/09/22/xi-jinping-china-will-achieve-carbon-neutrality-2060/ Accessed 22 September 2020
China Beijing Clean conditional Subsidy to incentivize the purchase of electric trucks Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020082727/08/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Beinjing city Government Boost New-energy car sales and reduce gas emissions Beijing city decided to support its transport businesses to replace their light trucks with new-energy type trucks with a subsidy of 70 RMB per unit from 1st October 2020 to 31st August 2021. Only businesses that replace more than 5 trucks can be supported by the subsidy scheme.
http://jtw.beijing.gov.cn/xxgk/zcjd/202008/t20200831_1994317.html Accessed 3 September 2020
China Beijing Fossil conditional Approval of Beijing Gas Tianjin Nangang LNG Emergency Reserve Project Multiple sectors Oil and gas Budget or off-budget transfer ... 821321958.49325 2020073131/07/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation National Development and Reform Comission (NDRC) Government To enhance the emergency security supply and storage capacity of natural gas in Beijing RMB 5.778 billion 5777999978 The approval document showed that the National Development and Reform Commission agreed to construct the project. The LNG receiving station project is located in Nangang Industrial Zone, Binhai New District, Tianjin. The construction content mainly includes three parts: receiving station, wharf and export pipeline. The main construction content of the receiving station includes: 10 200,000 cubic meters of LNG storage tanks and related supporting facilities for unloading, gasification, and loading, and two 200,000 cubic meters of storage tanks are reserved for expansion; the terminal project mainly includes: new construction 1 reliable berth for LNG ship loading and unloading of 1 to 266,000 cubic meters. The total investment of the project is 20.13 billion yuan (including foreign exchange of 177 million US dollars), of which construction investment is 19.26 billion yuan, construction period interest is 840 million yuan, and initial working capital is 30 million yuan. 20% of the total investment of the project is capital funded by the project owner’s own funds. The Beijing Municipal Government provides 30% of the construction funds in the form of subsidy funds, and the remaining funds are solved by the project owner’s application for bank loans (including the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank 500 million US dollars) Government sovereign guarantee loans).
https://www.ndrc.gov.cn/xxgk/zcfb/tz/202007/t20200731_1235150.html Accessed 25 August 2020
China Xinjiang Fossil unconditional Approval of four coal mine projects in Xinjiang, combined capacity above 5 Mtpa Power generation Coal Uncategorized 587064676.61692 2020083131/08/2020 Fiscal Electricity generation National Energy Administration Government To forge the region as another large coal production base behind Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. RMB 4.13 billion 4130000000 The National Energy Administration gave the green light to four coal mine projects in northwestern China's Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region on August 31, to forge the region as another large coal production base behind Shanxi, Shaanxi and Inner Mongolia. The four projects, which should be built by replacing equal or more old capacity in other places, have a combined designed capacity of 5.1 million tonnes per annum.
http://www.sxcoal.com/news/4615831/info/en Accessed 1 September 2020
China National Other energy Investment in housing renovation as part of a wider industry support package Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 7718550106.6098 2020052222/05/2020 Fiscal Energy efficiency Government Primary: rebuilding old communities in cities and towns Secondary: doubling the investment arrangements in the central budget RMB 54.3 billion 54300000000 As part of a wider ¥ 4.35 trillion package, China will begin the renovation of 39,000 old urban residential communities and support the upgrading of plumbing and wiring and the installation of elevators in old residential buildings; it will also encourage the development of community services such as elderly home care, the provision of meals, and cleaning services. According to the recent document, the government provided 53.4 billion RMB to local governments for encouraging their fiscal spending on the renovation of old urban residential communities. This spending encourages some green investments, such as the Energy-saving improvement on old buildings and the installation of charging stations . Since only an unquantified part of the renovation programme is linked to clean energy, this measure is classified here as "other energy".
http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2020-07/21/content_5528678.htm Accessed 29 July 2020
China National Clean conditional Launching of the National Green Development Fund Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1421464108.0313 2020071515/07/2020 Fiscal Several energy stages Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Shanghai Municipal People's Government Government RMB 10 billion 10000000000 The investment of the fund focuses on environmental protection and pollution control, ecological restoration and land and space greening, energy conservation and utilization, green transportation, clean energy and other fields. The final size of the fund was 88.5 billion yuan, of which the central government contributed 10 billion yuan. Other contributors include provincial and municipal governments along the Yangtze River Economic Belt, some financial institutions and enterprises.
https://finance.sina.com.cn/money/bank/bank_hydt/2020-07-15/doc-iivhvpwx5599537.shtml Acessed 21 July 2020
China National Clean conditional Ultra-high-voltage (UHV) transmission line investments Power generation Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 8528784648.1876 2020031919/03/2020 Fiscal Electricity storage or transmission or distribution China State Grid Government RMB 60 billion 60000000000 China's new round of UHV projects will include 12 lines, involving a total investment of over 150 billion yuan. Among them, three lines planned to start construction in 2020 will involve an investment of about 60 billion yuan. Whether it is for 5G, big data centers, industrial Internet or new energy vehicle charging , the construction and operation of these technologies are inseparable from the power network. The ultra-high-voltage project could also improve the power transmission efficiency and increase the transmission from inland areas with massive renewable energy production to coastal regions.
https://finance.sina.com.cn/chanjing/cyxw/2020-03-19/doc-iimxyqwa1774230.shtml Acessed 21 July 2020
China National Fossil unconditional Accelerated permitting of coal-fired power plants Power generation Coal Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020062424/06/2020 Other Electricity generation Government Stimulate local economies during the crisis. China is approving plans for new coal power plant capacity at the fastest rate since 2015. Survey data from the Global Energy Monitor and the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air shows that China approved the construction of more coal power plants in the period to mid-June than in all of 2018 and 2019 combined. Many of the plants are built by regional authorities in efforts to stimulate their economies. Projects proposed this year, if approved, would add more than 40 GW of capacity.
https://www.ft.com/content/cdcd8a02-81b5-48f1-a4a5-60a93a6ffa1e Accessed 25 June 2020
China Provincial Fossil conditional Incentives and cash for clunker schemes for conventional vehicles at the provincial level Mobility Oil and oil products Budget or off-budget transfer ... 2020041010/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government Primary: revive the car industry which has become an important pillar of the economy in recent years While China has increased subsidies to electric vehicles at the provincial level subsidies to conventional cars have also been rolled out. in Shangai for example, as part of its subsidy program for auto-replacement 40,000 cars will be supported and a subsidy of 4000 yuan will be provided to consumers who purchase a gasoline vehicle that meets the VI vehicle emission standards. Similar cash for clunker schemes are in place in Zhejiang, Shanghai, Nanjing, Changchun, Guangzhou and Foshan to name only a few. Similarly, local governments in China are loosening restrictions on new vehicle license plate allocations to spur an increase in vehicle sales.
https://www.ft.com/content/12cc8c6a-5f7a-11ea-b0ab-339c2307bcd4 Accessed 8 July 2020
https://auto-time.36kr.com/p/677588199077897 Accessed 8 July 2020
http://auto.people.com.cn/n1/2020/0410/c1005-31668362.html Accessed 8 July 2020
https://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202003/30/WS5e816389a310128217282f86.html Acessed 8 July 2020
China National Clean unconditional Increase in solar and wind energy targets Power generation Multiple renewable New or extended regulation (IT... Other Electricity generation National Energy Administration Government The Government increased the wind and solar energy targets for 2020 compared to what was set in its 13th five year plan. The latter was initially set at 210 GW and the later at 110GW and both have been increased to 240GW which means China will expand its solar and wind capacity by 66GW this year given its installed capacity at the end of 2019.
https://www.ndrc.gov.cn/xxgk/zcfb/tz/202006/t20200618_1231501.html Acessed 8 July 2020
China National Fossil unconditional Tax incentives for second-hand car dealers Mobility Oil and oil products Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020040808/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) State Tax Administration Government Primary: Increase the sale of second-hand cars 01/05/2020 31/12/2023 From May 1 to the end of 2023, VAT levied on second-hand car dealers selling old cars will be reduced to 0.5% from an original 3% rate.
http://www.chinatax.gov.cn/chinatax/n810341/n810755/c5148182/content.html Accessed 10 July 2020
China Pingliang Municipality, Gansu ... Fossil unconditional Pingliang Wuju Coal Mine Project Approval Multiple sectors Coal Uncategorized 464392324.09382 2020061010/06/2020 Fiscal Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation National Energy Administration Government RMB 3,267,000,000 3267000000 Approval of a coal mine and coal preparation plant in Pingliang Municilality, Gansu province by the national energy agency. The proposed investment is of 3.267 billion RMB with an output of 2.4 million tons per year.
https://www.seetao.com/details/28779/en.html Accessed 16 June 2020
http://www.sxcoal.com/news/4612250/info/en Accessed 16 June 2020
China Hong Kong Fossil unconditional Cathay Pacific bailout Mobility Oil and oil products Loan (Hybrid) 3517027319.9716 2020060909/06/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government rimary: protect Hong Kong’s role as a global aviation hub and ensure the city’s long-term economic development Secondary: generating a reasonable return for the government RMB 24,742,287,196 24742287196 The company will go through a HK$40 billion capital restructuring process. The Hong Kong government will offer a HK$7.8 billion loan to the airline, and will create a new company, Aviation 2020, to buy HK$19.5 billion (US$2.5 billion) in preferential shares without full boardroom status, with two observers on the board. The government will also acquire warrants for another HK$1.95 billion purchase of shares later; if exercised, Aviation 2020 will have a 6.08% stake in the company.
https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/hong-kong-economy/article/3088130/trading-cathay-pacific-halted-hong-kong-stock Accessed 10 June 2020
China National Fossil unconditional Dropping energy consumption per unit of GDP target for 2020 Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... Other Energy efficiency Government Primary: Resuming economic growth after the pandemic. With the economic impacts of C-19 China is not setting an energy efficiency (energy consumption per unit of GDP) target for this year, in contrast to what it has done since 2014.
https://www.jwnenergy.com/article/2020/5/china-drops-key-environmental-target-coronavirus-hits-growth/ Accessed 26 May 2020
China National Fossil unconditional Adjustment of companies’ environmental supervision Multiple sectors Multiple energy types Regulatory rollback or non-gov... 2020031010/03/2020 Other Several energy stages Ministry of Ecology and Environment Government Primary: allow firms more time to meet environmental standards due to COVID-19. The measure involves relaxing some environmental requirements and extending compliance deadlines for firms in order to increase production after the pandemic. Some firms that have low emissions levels for example will be exempt from on site environmental checks. It is expected that 300,000 firms and 55,000 projects will benefit form this policy.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-china-environment/china-to-modify-environmental-supervision-of-firms-to-boost-post-coronavirus-recovery-idUSKBN20X0AG Accessed 7 May 2020
China National Clean conditional Increase in national railway development capital as part of a wider industry support package Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 14214641080.313 2020052222/05/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government Primary: Develop major public transportation projects RMB 100,000,000,000 100000000000 As part of a wider ¥ 4.35 trillion package China will redouble efforts to develop major transportation and water conservancy projects, and increase national railway development capital by 100 billion yuan.
http://english.www.gov.cn/premier/news/202005/30/content_WS5ed197f3c6d0b3f0e94990da.html Accessed 1 July 2020
China National Clean conditional Extension of the vehicle purchase tax exemption program for new energy vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types Tax or royalty or govt fee bre... 2020041616/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Ministry of Industry and Information Techonology and State Administration of Taxation Government Primary: increase the sales of electric vehicles 01/01/2021 31/12/2022 The government extended the automobile tax exemption program for new electric vehicles for two years in order to increase the sales of electric vehicles. Vehicles exempted include pure electric vehicles, plug in hybrids and fuel cell vehicles.
http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2020-04/22/content_5505188.htm Accessed 17 June 2020
http://www.miit.gov.cn/n1146295/n1652858/n1652930/n4509607/c7885632/content.html Accessed 17 June 2020
China National Clean conditional Extension of subsidies for electric vehicles Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1606254442.0753 2020042323/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Multiple ministries Government Primary: increase the sales of electric vehicles 23/04/2020 31/12/2022 RMB 11,300,000,000 11300000000 China extended the electric vehicle subsidy policy, which was due to end in 2020, for two years in order to increase the sales of electric vehicles. EVs with a selling price of 300,000 yen or less will be supported and support will be provided to 2 million vehicles per year for a total of 6 million vehicles
http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/zhengceku/2020-04/23/content_5505502.htm Accessed 7 July 2020
http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/2020-04/23/content_5505506.htm Accessed 7 July 2020
http://jjs.mof.gov.cn/zxzyzf/jnjpbzzj/202006/t20200622_3536951.htm Accessed 7 July 2020
China National Clean conditional Investments in electric vehicle charging infrastructure Mobility Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1421464108.0313 2020041010/04/2020 Fiscal Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) Government Primary: ease the burden of struggling automakers and reverse the downward trend in sales Secondary: step up efforts to maintain the country's global leadership in the EV adoption race RMB 10,000,000,000 10000000000 This is a key stimulus measure to increase by 50 precent the electric vehicle charging network in China from its current level. This should enable 600,000 new charging points to be built in 2020. China is behind its original target of reaching 4.8 million charging points to accommodate 5 million EVs on the roads by 2020. Germany is also currently providing more subsidies to EVs than China in a bid to outrun it in the EV race. As part of its development plan for the new-energy vehicle industry, China also set the goal that by 2021 at least 80 per cent of all public sector vehicles – including buses, taxis and municipal trucks – operating in ecological pilot zones and areas with high levels of air pollution would be driven by clean energy.
https://technode.com/2020/04/10/china-is-investing-rmb-10-billion-in-ev-charging-infrastructure/ Accessed 7 May 2020
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/article/3104977/china-promotes-new-energy-vehicles-drive-get-economy-back-track Accessed 19 October 2020