The Energy Policy Tracker has finished its first phase of tracking related to the Covid-19 recovery. Our dataset for 2020-2021 is complete. A new dataset on energy policies in the context of multiple crises will be launched in the coming year.
  • Burning Billions: Record public money for fossil fuels impeding climate action

    In 2022, public financial support for fossil fuels, in the form of subsidies, investments by state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and lending from public financial institutions, exceeded USD 1.7 trillion globally.

    Read our report

    Updated: November 21st 2023
  • Track public money
    for energy in
    recovery packages

    major economies and 8 MDBs pledged USD 519 billion to fossil fuel-intensive sectors, 40% of all public money committed to energy-producing and consuming activities.

    Read our 2020-21 global recovery analysis
    Updated: December 31st 2021

Data on public finance for energy around the world during the Covid-19 recovery in 2020-2021

As governments across the world continue to invest hundreds of billions in the energy system to reboot their economies, our analysis is expanding to cover more countries and provide a more comprehensive global picture. Countries are also grouped by regions, which helps to identify trends and patterns in their local contexts.


G20 Analysis

The Energy Policy Tracker covers the 2020-2021 period with data on COVID-19 government policy responses from a climate and energy perspective. Our analysis provides a detailed overview of the public finance flows as determined by recovery packages across the G20. Filter by country, energy type, finance mechanisms, and other categories to see, at a glance, what types of measures countries are implementing to tackle the crisis and what is shaping our future energy system.

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Inequality and Poverty Dashboard

Different types of energy policies have varying impacts on within-country inequalities and poverty. Assessing those impacts and who may be adversely impacted is essential to achieving a just energy transition. The analysis in the Inequality and Poverty Dashboard supports this by providing an overview of the state of play of inequality and poverty for 30 countries covered in the Energy Policy Tracker, how different types of energy policies may contribute to decrease or exacerbate inequality and poverty and what types of complementary measures can be put in place to mitigate potential negative social impacts.

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Why it matters

G20 governments have pledged to inject trillions of dollars into the global economy to counteract the health, social, and financial shocks caused by the COVID-19 crisis. This large-scale stimulus spending will shape the global economy for decades to come. These decisions could trigger unbearable climate disasters or create a resilient and safe economy powered by clean energy.

Why it matters

Latest policies

Country Jurisdiction Category Policy name Sector Energy Type Mechanism Value committed, USD Date of announcement Stage Legislation and Endorsing Agency Arm of Government Primary and secondary stated objective of the policy Date of entry into force Implemented repeal date, if any Value committed, national currency Value disbursed, national currency Value disbursed, USD: Policy background Links to official sources Links to additional sources
Canada National Fossil unconditional Support provided by Export Development Canada to oil and gas in 2021 Resources Oil and gas Other hybrid support measures 3839671886.6518 2021123131/12/2021 Several energy stages EDC Public finance institution Increase the competitiveness of Canada's oil and gas sector 5149000000 This amount of funding represents the total support Export Development Canada (EDC), Canada's export credit agency, provides to the domestic fossil fuel industry (specifically to oil and gas) for the 2021 period.
Italy National Clean unconditional Energy efficiency incentives (2022 Budget) Buildings Energy efficiency Budget or off-budget transfer ... 9132420.0913242 2021123030/12/2021 Energy efficiency Italian Government (2022 Budget - Law n. 234/2021 Article 1 Paragraph 514) Government To guarantee the achievement of national energy efficiency targets 30/12/2021 8000000 8000000 9132420.0913242 The National Fund for energy efficiency is boosted to 8 million euros per year, starting from 2022. The incentives include disbursement of loans, part of which are non-repayable. The incentive supports interventions aimed at guaranteeing the achievement of national energy efficiency targets. (Accessed 18 February 2022)
Ukraine National Clean unconditional National Action Plan on Energy Efficiency until 2030 Multiple sectors Energy efficiency Uncategorized 2021122929/12/2021 Energy efficiency N/a Government To establish a national energy efficiency target and measures to achieve it in line with European approaches to Directive 2012/27/EU "On Energy Efficiency" 29/12/2021 On December 29, 2021, the Government approved the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency until 2030. At the same time, a 3-year action plan for its implementation in 2021-2023 was approved.
Spain Galicia Other energy Emergency social aid to avoid power cuts to severely vulnerable consumers at risk of social exclusio... Power generation Multiple energy types Budget or off-budget transfer ... 1484018.2648402 2021122929/12/2021 Energy use (all energy types, consumption in transport, household use, buildings etc) ORDER of December 29, 2020 Government To ensure continued access to energy supply electricity for vulnerable families. 21/01/2022 1300000 The amount of the electricity bill has increased considerably in recent years, mainly due to the increase in fixed costs derived from the tariff deficit that are included in the electricity bill, and that cannot be reduced through lower energy consumption. This fact, together with the current economic context, causes that some Galician families do not have the minimum economic possibilities to pay the electricity bill. Thus, the Galician government wants to carry out actions aimed at alleviating these difficulties for the most vulnerable Galician families by designing an aid program that allows them to pay electricity bills, in order to ensure continued access to energy supply electricity. In addition, these aids arre created within the framework of the new state regulation established in Royal Decree 897/2017, of October 6, which regulates the figure of the vulnerable consumer, the social bonus and other protection measures for consumers. domestic electrical energy. The eligible expenses will be 50% of the amount of the electricity bills, with a maximum amount of between €300 and €450 per year depending on the characteristics of the family unit. (Accessed 15 Jan 2022) (Accessed 15 Jan 2022)
Ukraine National Fossil unconditional The Ministry of Energy transferred funds for the payment of wages to employees of state mines Resources Coal Budget or off-budget transfer ... 14537956.304541 2021122828/12/2021 Exploration or production or processing or storage or transportation Cabinet of Ministers Resolution # № 1733-р of 28 December 2021 Government To repay wage arrears to miners 28/12/2021 392000000 The Cabinet of Ministers has allocated UAH 300 million to the Ministry of Energy from the reserve fund of the state budget to pay arrears of wages to employees of state-owned coal mining companies. The Ministry of Finance made these expenditures on a non-refundable basis at the expense of the reserve fund of the state budget. In addition, on December 24, the miners of the state mines received UAH 92 million for the payment of wages from the budget savings of the Ministry of Energy and the corresponding redistribution of expenditures from other budget programs.

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